Enrico Giorgi , Giuseppe Lepore , Anna Gamberini (Eds.)

Boundaries Archaeology: Economy, Sacred Places, Cultural Influences in the Ionian and Adriatic Areas
Panel 7.3

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 39

The territories of the Adriatic and the Ionian area were separated from each other both from a political and a cultural point of view. Because of this circumstance, they represent a suitable area for the study of commercial and cultural exchange. This meeting of cultures generated mutual influences and cultural osmosis in various ways and at different times, and was linked to different historical and geographical contexts, which nevertheless sometimes generated similar results. Recent archaeological research allows us to assume that sanctuaries and sacred places are suitable contexts in which these phenomena can be analysed, as they were places in which large amounts of people gathered and centres of cultural mediation that were involved in economic and political interests.

The contributions collected in this book consider these issues from different points of view and include studies on historiography, material culture and numismatics. The case studies of the northern Adriatic area are located on the western shore, and in particular in the area of the ager Gallicus and of Picenum, with a particular focus on the period that precedes and witnesses the structuring of the Roman domination of this territory (3rd / 2nd century BC). The case studies in the southern Adriatic and Ionian area focus on Apulia and the area of Illyria and Epirus between the Archaic era and the beginning of the Roman age (4thto 1st century BC).

Verena Gassner (Ed.)

Regional exchange of ceramics – case studies and methodology
Panel 5.7

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 30

Pottery vessels and other ceramic objects constitute important sources for issues of trade and exchange in Antique societies as they are available in great quantities and as their provenance often can be determined by archaeological or archaeometric methods. Most studies on the exchange of ceramics however concentrate on aspects of long-distance trade, as differences between wares and/ or types produced in different, far distant regions can be recognized more easily. This fact, together with the psychological fact of the greater attractiveness of these items, might have lead to an exaggerated perception of the amount of goods traded via the oversea trade in the archaeological record. In contrast to this, aspects of regional exchange between neighbouring cities have not been given the same attention in the field of Mediterranean archaeology, although they might give important insights into the problems of regional connectivity and they also had greater importance during Antiquity than normally assumed. One of the reasons of this deficit can certainly be found in the difficulty of clearly and unambiguously distinguishing ceramics produced within one r egion f rom e ach other, a s t hey o ften s hare the s ame repertory of shapes or decoration styles.
This panel comprises case studies from different areas and different periods of the Mediterranean, all of which clearly demonstrate the difficulties in reconstructing networks of regional exchange, but also show their importance for the economy of ancient towns.

Gert Goldenberg , Jürgen Otto , Heiko Steuer (Eds.)

Archäometallurgische Untersuchungen zum Metallhüttenwesen im Schwarzwald

Archäologie und Geschichte – Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland, Vol. 8

The subject of this volume is metal smelting in the Black Forest. A first contribution deals with technological developments in the prevention of lead, silver and copper ores in the period from the 11th to the 19th century. It provides the basics of metallurgy and describes, analyses and interprets the legacy of former smelting works from an archaeological and materials science perspective. A second article deals with the historical extraction and use of antimony ores. The work is published as Volume 8 in the series "Archäologie und Geschichte Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland"

Isidor Brodersen

Lukians „Wie man Geschichte schreiben soll“
… und andere Geschichten über Redlichkeit

Mainzer Althistorische Studien (MAS), Vol. 8

Lucian of Samosata (2nd century AD) is best known for his humorous and satirical works. However, he also produced the only surviving treatise from antiquity dealing extensively and explicitly with historiography and its rules. Accordingly, this work is regarded as an important source for the study of ancient historiography.

However, especially with Lucian as the author, it is far from certain that the primary aim of the treatise is, in fact, to educate its readers in the art of historiography. This study aims at tackling this question by reading “How to write history” not within the historiographical discourse, but rather as part of Lucian’s literary game. As an author of the Second Sophistic, Lucian succeeds in amusing his audience under the guise of historiographical teaching.

In connection with two other works by Lucian, a picture emerges of an author who is not only proficient in the classical canon. Rather, by staging the classics and parading his contemporaries, he is able to combine his criticisms with humour. Historiography in “How to write history”, elegant narration in the “True histories”, and as the gullibility of his contemporaries in “Alexander” all serve Lucian’s aim of distancing himself and his readers from would-be educated people and impostors. Thus, the literary game can be seen as a tool for self-confidence and distinction within the Second Sophistic.

Sebastian Brather , Jürgen Dendorfer (Eds.)

Grenzen, Räume und Identitäten
Der Oberrhein und seine Nachbarregionen von der Antike bis zum Hochmittelalter

Archäologie und Geschichte – Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland, Vol. 22

A new, preferably unbiased view of spatial structures proves to be a decisive prerequisite for freeing research from rigid assumptions and models. This makes it possible to replace previous and necessarily highly simplified dominant narrative with complex reconstructions. Beyond large lines, spatial relationships and structures prove to be flexible and changeable. The contributions collected in this volume underline how different approaches and perspectives can be, even when they deal with the seemingly self-evident "space". In this opening beyond deterministic concepts and conceptions of space, which geography has long since completed, there are new opportunities for archaeological and historical studies.

Florian Battistella

Pelagius I. und der Primat Roms
Ein Beitrag zum Drei-Kapitel-Streit und zur Papstgeschichte des 6. Jahrhunderts

Mainzer Althistorische Studien (MAS), Vol. 7

Der (ost-)römische Kaiser Justinian I. (527–565) ist für seine Wiedereroberung Italiens und seine Rechtskodifikationen bekannt. Wie viele seiner Vorgänger war auch er um die religiöse Einheit der Christenheit bemüht. In diesem Zusammenhang verurteilte er die sogenannten Drei Kapitel, was allerdings zu langanhaltenden theologischen Auseinandersetzungen führte.

Die kaiserliche Maßnahme wurde vom Zweiten Konzil von Konstantinopel (553) bestätigt und vom römischen Bischof Vigilius (537–555) übernommen. Vigilius hätte die kaiserliche Position im Westen vertreten, doch er verstarb auf der Rückreise von Konstantinopel. Somit war die Kontroverse im Westen nicht beendet. Viele Christen lehnten die Verurteilung der sogenannten Drei Kapitel weiterhin ab. Pelagius I. (556–561), Vigilius‘ Nachfolger als Bischof von Rom, war ursprünglich ein Gegner der Verurteilung, vertrat aber nun den justinianischen Standpunkt.

Die Studie sucht nach Gründen für Pelagius‘ überraschend wirkende Nachfolge und fragt danach, wie er seine Position legitimieren und sichern konnte angesichts der theologischen Differenzen, die gerade auf der italienischen Halbinsel besonders ausgeprägt scheinen.

Durch eine eingehende Analyse zahlreicher Briefe Pelagius’ I. zeigt Florian Battistella die Vielschichtigkeit der Kontroverse auf. Er macht deutlich, dass der Drei-Kapitel-Streit mehr ist als eine bloße theologische Auseinandersetzung zwischen griechischem Osten und lateinischem Westen. Pelagius I. und der Primat Roms ist somit ein Aufruf, die theologischen Entwicklungen des sechsten nachchristlichen Jahrhunderts aus einer anderen Perspektive zu betrachten.

Dietrich Klaus Hartmann

Die ehemalige katholische Pfarrkirche St. Georg in Burladingen

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 33

Even though the former parish church of St. Georg at Burladingen, Germany, nowadays appears as an example of late baroque architecture, archaeological excavations in 1982 showed a number of previous buildings, of which the oldest one dates back to the 8th century.  For the first time, the important results of this excavation, showing the typical evolution of a rural parish church in south-western Germany, will be presented within this volume. The initial phase is characterised by a small early medieval church, erected on a preexisting churchyard. Several times rebuilt during the following centuries, the current building is the result of a major reconstruction in 1770. Unusual in the context of church excavations, a rather large number of finds – especially ceramics – was recorded. This major addition to the fairly small corpus of relics in the area is used to extend the knowledge of the material culture in the region. This publication is part of a multi-volume project by the author, of which the first section, an overview of rural churches in the south-eastern area of Baden-Württemberg, was published in 2019.

Antje Bosselmann-Ruickbie (Ed.)

New Research on Late Byzantine Goldsmiths’ Works (13th-15th Centuries)
Neue Forschungen zur spätbyzantinischen Goldschmiedekunst (13.-15. Jahrhundert)

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 13

This volume comprises 13 papers from the conference »New Research on Late Byzantine Goldsmiths‘ Works (13th-15th Centuries)«, held at the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum in Mainz in October 2015. The contributions primarily deal with the material culture of goldsmiths’ works, such as crosses, reliquary caskets, jewellery, enamel works, and precious stones, spanning the wide geographical area of Byzantium and many of its neighbours, from Russia via Trebizond and Serbia to Crete. Furthermore, written sources on Byzantine goldsmiths, their craft and the provenance of precious metals provide evidence for goldsmithing in Byzantium throughout its history.

Alejandro García-Moreno et al. (Eds.)

Human behavioural adaptations to interglacial lakeshore environments

RGZM – Tagungen, Vol. 37

During the course of human evolution, we have successfully adapted to various climates and habitats. Interglacial environments, in particular, offer an excellent opportunity to study these adaptations. On the north European plain, interglacials often correlate with the flooding of basins, resulting in the appearance of lacustrine landscapes. These environments exhibit remarkable ecological diversity with highly concentrated and predictable resources. Numerous  archaeological sites from the Palaeolithic to the Mesolithic are preserved in these lacustrine landscapes, providing rich sources of potential data. Many of these archaeological sites are well-known as locations for the procurement and butchering of animals, lithic provisioning, gathering vegetal and collecting aquatic resources by humans. These sites are embedded in wetland deposits with favourable conditions for the preservation of organic and botanical remains and are thus exceptional archives for detailed analyses of human adaptations to changing, dynamic environments. In a diachronous perspective from the Middle Pleistocene to the Holocene, the current anthology collates studies on differing aspects of interglacial archaeological lakeland sites, illustrating human survival strategies under similar environmental conditions through the ages. This volume contributes to a core research theme “Human behavioural strategies in interglacial environments” of the MONREPOS Archaeological Research Centre and Museum for Human Behavioural Evolution (RGZM) (Neuwied, Germany). The aim of the research is to undertake a holistic and diachronic analysis of survival strategies under similar environmental parameters, in order to document the evolution of hominin subsistence behaviour and to gauge whether certain subsistence adaptations arose in direct response to distinct environmental conditions.

Ludger Körntgen , Jan Kusber , Johannes Pahlitzsch , Filippo Carlà-Uhink (Eds.)

Byzanz und seine europäischen Nachbarn
Politische Interdependenzen und kulturelle Missverständnisse

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 17

On the one hand cultural misunderstandings represent a prerequisite for intercultural communications, on the other hand they can also be understood as a method or result of interculturalism and transcultural relationships. In this process there are unthinking as well as provoked and politically manipulated misunderstandings, or rather alleged misunderstandings, which disguise real political or church political conflicts of interest. In addition, there are misunderstandings in research which sometimes states a misunderstanding too quickly, where logic and context are not immediately evident. Such misunderstandings dictated the political-cultural pattern of relationships among the Byzantine Empire, the Latinised West and Slavic world, who all regarded themselves as parts of ecumenical Christianity and who stood in close political and cultural contact over many centuries. In the present book proponents of history, Byzantine studies, art history and theology apply themselves to the analysis of this phenomenon.

Nadja S. Braun

Bilder erzählen
Visuelle Narrativität im alten Ägypten

Ägyptologische Studien Leipzig, Vol. 2

Visual narrative is a phenomenon that has become increasingly the focus of interdisciplinary research in recent decades. The work is devoted to pictorial narration in ancient Egypt and transfers established narrative theories to ancient Egyptian images with the aim of introducing a system for dealing with Egyptian image-narratives. The collection of sources is divided into two groups; on the one hand, representations from the official context such as images on temples and royal and non-royal tombs are examined, and on the other hand narrative images from everyday culture, which are mainly handed down to ostraca, are subject of examination. In a separate chapter, historical narrative pictures and their influence on the culture of remembrance are also addressed.

Eva Maria Mateo Decabo

Politik der kleinen Form
Paraklausithyron und Recusatio bei Properz, Tibull, Horaz und Ovid

Im Mittelpunkt der Dissertation Politik der kleinen Form steht die Frage nach der Politizität ‚kleinerʻ Formen in augusteischer Zeit: also der sogenannten Liebeselegie des Properz, Tibull und Ovid sowie der erotischen Dichtung des Horaz. Auf der Grundlage einer Analyse der Gattungs- und Formpolitik ihrer Paraklausithyra und Recusationes wird eine neue Interpretation aufgezeigt. Jenseits von inhaltszentrierten Lesarten, die immer nur den Subversions- oder Affirmationscharakter von Literatur herausarbeiten, schlägt diese Dissertation einen dritten Weg vor: den der Ambivalenz und des Paradoxons.

Martina Horn

Adam-und-Eva-Erzählungen im Bildprogramm kretischer Kirchen
Eine ikonographische und kulturhistorische Objekt- und Bildfindungsanalyse

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 16

The Western sacred art landscape of the Middle Ages presents a rich pageantry of images about the Adam and Eve story by using overlapping genres. In the large-scale paintings of the Eastern Church, on the other hand, the subject is only included in the repertoire of the churches during the post-Byzantine period. Thus, the innovative origins of Adam and Eve cycles in Venetian Crete of the 14th and 15th centuries, are even more remarkable. In five of the numerous painted Cretan churches, pictorial sequences with Adam and Eve were integrated into the iconographic concept. Beside the reconstruction of the partially destroyed frescoes, the comprehensive process of the iconographic invention will be subject of a detailed examination in this study, based on art- and cultural-historical analysis. The genesis of the wall paintings is characterized by a strong tension and a dynamic interplay between the preservation of traditional and available patterns and the inventiveness of innovative and creative elements. The broadly diversified research including Western and Eastern art traditions offers not only surprising insights into unusual pictorial formulas, but also in the varying reasons of reception in relation to the donors and their specific motivation.

Falko Daim , Neslihan Asutay-Effenberger (Eds.)

Sasanidische Spuren in der byzantinischen, kaukasischen und islamischen Kunst und Kultur
Sasanian Elements in Byzantine, Caucasian and Islamic Art and Culture

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 15

The empire of the Persian Sassanids (AD 224-651) extended over the area of modern-day Iran, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Even the Caucasus regions lay under their political influence. Many elements of Sassanian art and culture can be found in neighbouring lands, such as the Byzantine Empire and Christian Caucasus, and, following the fall of the Sassanids, continued in those areas under Islamic control which had developed on their former territory.
In order to investigate the continuing role of the Sassanian Persians and their culture, in September 2017 an international conference was held in the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum in Mainz. The papers given by academics from various disciplines are published in the present volume.

Heinz Sperling

Rekonstruktion von Betriebsmodellen antiker Produktionsanlagen mit Hilfe von Prozessketten-Analysen
Methodik und Fallstudien bei der Ziegelherstellung, Brennholzgewinnung und den Transporten in römischer Zeit

Roman brickworks in the Northwest provinces: Operating models were reconstructed which allow quantitative statements to be made on the maximum production capacity, the personnel and fuel requirements and the transport costs of such plants. The Roman brickyard in Dormagen is the example of an application. The developed algorithms are designed as open source and can easily be adapted to other findings. Because of the  comparability of the kilns found in the Roman north-west provinces with those found in the upper Tiber - for the production of bricks for buildings in Rome - the brickworks capacities required there could be determined for the first time.

Additional infomations you find here.

 

Max Ritter

Zwischen Glaube und Geld
Zur Ökonomie des byzantinischen Pilgerwesens (4.-12. Jh.)

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 14

Piety is not the sole impulse for the development of Christian pilgrimage. From a wide chronological and regional perspective, the book deals with the economic connections which influenced the essence of Byzantine pilgrimages (5th – 12th c.).
To pilgrimage is always religiously motivated and socially imbedded, yet the detailed choice of the pilgrim’s destination, the route, the gifts of thanks at the end and many other aspects were and are determined by basic economic constants and time-dependent, social-economic dynamics.
The book highlights Byzantine pilgrims’ shrines, analyses their origins but also their structure of organisation and finance, which had already been legally framed during Late Antiquity.

 

Banu Pekol (Ed.)

Kayseri, Adana, İzmir, Elazığ, Niğde, Bursa : assessment report of architectural cultural heritage

This book concerns the architectural heritage built by non-Muslim Anatolian communities that has long been neglected, deserted, and today lies severely ruined and open to vandalism.
It is a product of research missions in the provinces of Adana, Bursa, Elazığ, İzmir, Kayseri and Niğde, conducted between 2015-2016 by the Association for the Protection of Cultural Heritage.
The buildings were analyzed according to their architectural history, style, plan, construction techniques. Their current state and risk factors including structural and material problems were identified. Recommendations for their conservation and future use were prepared, in accordance with their context.

Jürgen Süß and Brigitte Gräf

LOPODVNVM VI
Die 3D-Rekonstruktion des römischen Forums von Ladenburg Beschreibung und Begründung der Nachbildung

Forschungen und Berichte zur Archäologie in Baden-Württemberg, Vol. 6

The centre of the Roman town of Lopodunum was dominated by a complex of buildings consisting of a forum and a basilica, which was characterised by its enormous area and volume. However, apart from remnants of the foundations, only very few remains of the buildings have been preserved in the medieval core of today's Ladenburg. This treatise explains the considerations that have led to the virtual 3D reconstruction of the ancient forum as it is presented today in the Lobdengau Museum in Ladenburg. In addition to a discussion of the reconstruction approaches, perspectives for further scientific analyses of the historically important Roman building complex are presented.

Stylianos Chronopoulos , Felix K. Maier , Anna Novokhatko (Eds.)

Digitale Altertumswissenschaften:
Thesen und Debatten zu Methoden und Anwendungen

Digital Classics Books, Vol. 4

This volume introduces scholars who are not particularly acquainted with recently ongoing developments in Digital Classics to selected crucial problems and debates in the field. The selection enables the readers not only to get an all-around view of the discussed issue but also to get in contact with common main lines of discourses in Digital Classics and Digital Humanities in general. This volume offers discussions on fundamental questions and tendencies (new working methods, digital publishing, teaching and research with the usage of databases and information systems), and a specialized discussion on digital scholarly editions, which serves as an example illustrating general issues on producing and working with digitized and digital sources and material in Classics. Thus, the purpose of this volume is to be a collection of some crucial results that have been achieved, clear tendencies that dominate, envisioned possibilities, and even deadlocks, and become thus a provisory orientation point in the fast changing landscape of institutions, disciplines and methods in (Digital) Classics today.

Jörg Bofinger , Stephan M. Heidenreich (Eds.)

Befund – Rekonstruktion – Touristische Nutzung
Keltische Denkmale als Standortfaktoren

Archäologische Informationen aus Baden-Württemberg, Vol. 72

The “Heidengraben” on the Swabian Alb comprises the remains of a Late Celtic fortified settlement of the 2nd and 1st centuries BC. Archaeological finds and remains of ramparts visible above ground illustrate the supra-regional importance and the spatial dimensions of the Celtic oppidum, which is one of the largest in Central Europe.
On the occasion of new plans for the touristic enhancement of the large scale monument “Heidengraben”, an international colloquium was held in Grabenstetten in autumn 2013. The results of this conference are presented in this volume. The contributions deal with central questions of the reconstruction of archaeological features. However, the range of topics is not limited to specialised archaeological problems, but also deals with core aspects of a tourism concept. In this context, numerous experts from various scientific institutions and museums present “best practice” projects from Germany and Austria.