Falko Daim, Dominik Heher, Claudia Rapp (Eds.)

Menschen, Bilder, Sprache, Dinge
Wege der Kommunikation zwischen Byzanz und dem Westen 1: Bilder und Dinge

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 9.1

In 2018, the Roman-Germanic Central Museum Mainz presents in cooperation with the Schallaburg, the splendid Renaissance castle near Melk (Lower Austria), the exhibition »Byzantium & the West: 1000 forgotten years «.
Both Byzantium and the European West spring from the Roman Empire, but as early as Late Antiquity experience different developments. While the Roman Empire continued to exist in the East and passed seamlessly into the Byzantine Empire of the Middle Ages, pagan polities took its place in the West: the kingdoms of the Goths, Vandals, Anglo-Saxons, Lombards and Franks. Although Byzantium was respected or accepted as a major power by the other European entities for at least 800 years, territorial conflicts, disputes, and cultural differences quickly emerged. In addition, communication became increasingly difficult - in the "orthodox" East, Greek was the common language, while in the "Catholic" West, Latin was the lingua franca. Differences in liturgy and questions of belief intensified the disparities or were even (religio-) politically underlined to emphasize dissimilarity. But one still continued to admire "wealthy Constantinople" and the Byzantine treasures - among them the magnificent silks, ivory reliefs, technical marvels, plentiful relics and magnificent buildings.

The change came in 1204 with the conquest and plunder of Constantinople by the Crusaders. For the already weakened Byzantine Empire, this catastrophe meant a completely new situation as an empire in exile, whose emperor and patriarch had to flee to Asia Minor. Across much of the former European Byzantine Empire, crusader states spread; Venice and Genoa, which had previously been strongly present as trade powers under special treaties, became major determinants of the western powers in the East.

On the occasion of this exhibition, two accompanying volumes with a total of 41 contributions concerning the varied and changing relationships between the Latin West and the Byzantine Empire are being published. The volumes are structured according to the media of communication: people, images, language and things. They collect contributions from renowned scientists with archaeological, art historical, philological and historical priorities. Several overviews and detailed studies are drawn from research projects of the Leibniz- ScienceCampus Mainz: Byzantium between Orient and Occident, as well as the focus on Byzantine and medieval research of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna.

Karl-Ernst Behre (Ed.)

The chronological setting of the palaeolithic sites of Schöningen

Forschungen zur Urgeschichte aus dem Tagebau Schöningen, Vol. 1

  

Matthias Fröhlich

Burg und Bergbau im südlichen Schwarzwald
Die Ausgrabungen in der Burg am Birkenberg (Gde. Bollschweil-St. Ulrich)

Archäologie und Geschichte – Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland, Vol. 20

In many valleys of the southern Black Forest are now mostly inaccessible tunnels and shafts that bear witness to the here in the Middle Ages operated mining on silver. In the older literature, these areas are often linked to nearby castles, on the assumption that local miners would have supervised the ore production and processing from there. At Birkenberg, about 10 km south of Freiburg im Breisgau, the remains of a castle complex were excavated for the first time within the scope of the "Burg & Bergbau" project financed by the German Research Foundation. Both the documentary tradition and the archaeological evidence ensure such a connection occupy. The research results are presented in this volume.

Henriette Baron, Falko Daim (Eds.)

A Most Pleasant Scene and an Inexhaustible Resource Steps Towards a Byzantine Environmental History
Interdisciplinary Conference November 17th and 18th 2011 in Mainz

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 6

What do we know about the environments in which the Byzantine Empire unfolded in the eastern Mediterranean? How were they perceived and how did man and the environment mutually influence each other during the Byzantine millennium (AD 395-1453)? Which approaches have been tried up until now to understand these interactions? And what could a further environmental-historical research agenda look like?
These questions were the focus of an interdisciplinary conference that took place on 17 and 18 November 2011 in Mainz. The present conference volume brings together contributions from researchers who have approached these issues from very different perspectives. They focus on the explanatory power of traditional as well as »new« sources and the methods of Byzantine Studies and Byzantine archaeology for this hitherto little-explored sphere. In this way, we see how closely environmental history is interwoven with the classical topics of Byzantine research – be they of an economic, social or culture-historical nature.

Alfons Zettler, Helmut Schlichtherle

Die frühen Klosterbauten der Reichenau
Ausgrabungen - Schriftquellen - St. Galler Klosterplan

Archäologie und Geschichte – Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland, Vol. 3

Reichenau Monastery, founded in 724 by Bishop Pirmin, developed into a important sanctuary in the Franconian Empire during the eighth century. Equipped with a famous library and a well-known school, the Augia was one of the outstanding spiritual centers in early medieval Europe. Alfons Zettler has reconstructed the early architectural history of the monastery in years of research. His research draws from many written and pictorial sources. The focus, however, is the archaeological observations made by the author from 1970 to 1984 on site. In detail, he discusses the development of farm buildings, residential tracts and churches of the monastery district on the basis of the excavation findings. Maps, plans, historical views and photographs accompany the text. An appendix contains excavation documentation and remarks by Helmut Schlichterle on the prehistoric settlement of the monastery square. The book conveys important findings of modern medieval archeology and gives a fascinating insight into the everyday life of an early medieval monastic community.

 

Jarod M. Hutson et al. (Eds.)

The origins of bone tool technologies
"Retouching the Palaeolithic: Becoming Human and the Origins of Bone Tool Technology" Conference at Schloss Herrenhausen in Hannover, Germany, 21.- 23. October 2015

RGZM – Tagungen, Vol. 35

This volume is a collection of papers from the conference titled “Retouching the Palaeolithic: Becoming Human and the Origins of Bone Tool Technology” held in October 2015 at Schloss Herrenhausen in Hannover, Germany. With major funding from the Volkswagen Foundation’s Symposia and Summer School initiative, the conference brought together an international group of scientists from an array of research backgrounds to explore the origins and development of bone tool technologies in prehistory, specifically retouchers, compressors and percussors used in various lithic knapping activities. The diverse conference attendance generated an assortment of perspectives on bone tool use covering western Europe to the Levant, from the Lower Palaeolithic to Neolithic times. Collectively, these papers provide an overview on how the integration of bone tools with other Palaeolithic technologies influenced human subsistence and other socio-economic behaviours over time and space. In the end, this volume is not just about bone tools. Rather, this compilation is intended to stimulate broader ideas on technology and innovation, for the ability and desire to create new tools truly lies at the core of what makes us human. 

Mirko Geisendorf

Der eisenzeitliche Siedlungsplatz von Schwerte-Wandhofen (Kreis Unna)

Archäologische Quellen, Vol. 2

In Spring 2017, the archaeological excavation company ARCHBAU excavated an Iron Age settlement (800 – 50 BC) in Schwerte-Wandhofen (District Unna, North Rhine-Westphalia), which is relevant to the settlement history of the eastern Ruhr area. The excavation, which was financed by an investor, revealed some unusual archaeological results for Westphalia, like a granary with 18 massive posts or a large earth oven. The excavator Mirko Geisendorf interprets this results in total, that possibly a large group of people could come together at this spot to celebrate miscellaneous festivities. This publication releases the results of the excavation in a fast and short way. This book is available both printed and in Open Access.

Claudia Maderna-Sieben

Königseulogien der frühen Ramessidenzeit
Politische Propaganda im Dienst der Legitimierung einer neuen Dynastie

With the beginning of the 19th dynasty, rulers ascended the Egyptian throne who had no family ties to the royal family of the 18th dynasty. Ramses I, a highly decorated military official, was made successor to the throne by Haremhab at a crucial time with regard to both domestic and foreign affairs. Domestically, Egypt  was still feeling the impact of the post Amarna period and had not fully returned to a traditional concept of Egyptian kingship. Externally, the growing strength of the Hittite empire posed a serious threat. Against this  historical background, the first kings of the Ramesside Period had to face problems concerning the legitimization of their rule. After all, they could not refer to any descent from a royal dynasty. Investigating royal representation of the early 19th dynasty, the text type of king’s eulogies offers a most demonstrative image of their solution to this problem and the combination of these officially commissioned monumental texts and their iconography gives an excellent impression of Ramesside political propaganda.

Karl Weber

Die Formierung des Elsass im Regnum Francorum
Adel, Kirche und Königtum am Oberrhein in merowingischer und frühkarolingischer Zeit

Archäologie und Geschichte – Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland, Vol. 19

  

Birgitta Hoffmann

Römisches Glas aus Baden-Württemberg

Archäologie und Geschichte – Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland, Vol. 11

  

Michael Borgolte

Die Grafen Alemanniens in merowingischer und karolingischer Zeit
Eine Prosopographie

Archäologie und Geschichte – Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland, Vol. 2

  

Petra Linscheid

Spätantike und Byzanz. Bestandskatalog Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe
Textilien

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 8.2

Finds of textiles from Early Byzantine Egypt represent the most extensive genre among the Byzantine artefacts of the Baden State Museum Karlsruhe. A total of 207 objects, including tunics, head coverings, upholstery material, blankets and curtains, give a vivid impression of the appearance of early Byzantine clothing and textile furnishings. In a detailed catalogue section and introductory chapters, particular attention is paid to the production technology and the determination of the function of the textiles. Apart from few exceptions, the objects were previously unpublished.

Falko Daim, Benjamin Fourlas, Katarina Horst, Vasiliki Tsamakda (Eds.)

Spätantike und Byzanz. Bestandskatalog Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe
Objekte aus Bein, Elfenbein, Glas, Keramik, Metall und Stein

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 8.1

The collection of the Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe contains an extensive inventory of Late Antique and Byzantine objects, previously only partially accessible in publications. The artefacts and artworks are mainly small-scale objects, some of great scholarly value. They belong to both the sacral and secular spheres and convey a wide spectrum of everyday life as well as artistic and cultural production in the late Roman and Byzantine Empire. In the collection catalogue, the 268 objects made of bone, ivory, glass, ceramics, metal and stone, some bearing inscriptions, are thoroughly documented, interpreted and categorized in terms of their cultural history.

Florian Ebeling (Ed.)

Aegyptiaca. Journal of the History of Reception of Ancient Egypt: Mnemohistory and Cultural Memory - Essays in Honour of Jan Assmann
Nr. 3 (2018)

This issue of Aegyptiaca. Journal of the History of Reception of Ancient Egypt pays tribute to the scientific work of Jan Assmann, whose concept of mnemohistory has laid the methodological foundation for the researching into the history of reception of ancient Egypt. The articles featured in this issue make clear how much cultural science, musicology, literary studies, philosophy, history of religion or archaeology were inspired by Assmann's studies on cultural memory and, despite all their scholarship, can transcend disciplinary boundaries and be joyful science.

Lucie Siftar

Das Phänomen der unvollständigen Gestalt in der griechischen Kunst
Unterschiedliche Facetten eines besonderen Darstellungsmittels

Daidalos – Heidelberger Abschlussarbeiten zur Klassischen Archäologie, Vol. 8

Although the ‘incomplete form’ is an element all so present within the narrative context of ancient Greek pictorial art, it has not yet received the attention it truly deserves. The systematic analysis of this phenomenon, notably on vase paintings, has shown that cutting-off a figure with a frame has to be understood as an intentional instrument, whose purpose was not only to save pictorial space but also to enlarge the action space. Regarding the principles of visual perception, incomplete forms could be used to convey special semantic information as well as to enhance the visual impact of the viewer.

Marc Brüssel

Altsprachliche Erwachsenendidaktik in Deutschland
Von den Anfängen bis zum Jahr 1945

This survey aims to be the first systematic contribution towards the formation of an andragogy for classical languages as an educational sub-discipline. Particular emphasis is placed on tracing the ancestry and origins of the Latinum and Graecum certificates acquired by students through mandatory courses and examinations at universities. This book additionally focuses on analyzing historical teaching materials both for class use and self-instruction. Empirical evidence is given by a thorough treatment of the conditions under which beginner’s courses in Greek and Latin were conducted at the Berlin University up until 1945.

Ingo Pini, Jean-Claude Poursat (Eds.)

Sceaux minoens et myceniens
IVe Symposium international 10-12 septembre 1992, Clermont-Ferrand

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Supplement 5

  

John G. Younger

A bibliography for Aegean glyptic in the Bronze Age

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Supplement 4

Ingo Pini (Ed.)

Michael Rathmann

Untersuchungen zu den Reichsstraßen in den westlichen Provinzen des Imperium Romanum

Beihefte der Bonner Jahrbücher, Vol. 55

The study focuses on the imperial roads in the provinces of the Imperium Romanum, their definition, administration, and financing. On Italian soil, a via publica is defined by legal norms, but for supra-regional roads in the provinces we are dependent on milestones along the route, the connections mentioned in the itineraries, and their representation on the Tabula Peutingeriana. The administration is carried out in Italy by road curators, in the provinces primarily by the cities, selectively supported by the governors; imperial interventions are rare. So the cities along the route are also responsible for its financing and maintenance.

Reviews: Gerion 22, 2004, S. 554f.; sehepunkte 5, 2005, Nr. 9; Gymnasium 112, 2005, S. 570f.; Museum Helveticum 62, 2005, S. 257; Historische Zeitschrift 282, 2006, S. 174f.; Latomus 65, 2006, S. 1072f.; Klio 89, 2007, 237f.; Anzeiger für die Altertumswissenschaft 62, 2009, S. 72-74; Gnomon 85, 2013, S. 342-347 

Heide Frielinghaus, Thomas Schmidts, Vasiliki Tsamakda (Eds.)

Schiffe und ihr Kontext
Darstellungen, Modelle, Bestandteile – von der Bronzezeit bis zum Ende des Byzantinischen Reiches

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 5

Seafaring was extraordinary important in Antiquity and the Middle Ages for the economy and the wielding of power. It also provided contact between distant places. Ships were on the one hand decorated and ornamented and on the other hand they were frequently objects of depictions which could range from sketchy graffiti to three-dimensional reproductions. The contexts of the depictions encompass different areas, such as public and private representation as well as religion.
This Volume assembles 18 articles that have been presented on the occasion of an international workshop in 2013. Different groups of material ranging from the period of Bronze Age until the end of the Byzantine Empire were presented as well as the development of ship-building and navigation. The depictions of ships which have investigated scanty until now were the main target of the workshop.

Virginia Fabrizi (Ed.)

The Semantics of Space in Greek and Roman Narratives

Distant Worlds Journal Special Issues, Vol. 2

The “spatial turn” of the humanities has recently stimulated a growing scholarly interest in literary representations of space and places. As narratologists have shown, the functions of space in narratives go well beyond providing a realistic or ornamental frame to the narrated events; rather, narrated spaces and places can take on semantic connotations and thus play a crucial role in shaping the meaning of a text. This book focuses on the semantics of space in Greek and Roman narratives. Contributors investigate texts that belong to different genres of Greek and Latin literature and are located at different points of a chronological span which ranges from the fifth century BCE to the first century CE. By doing so, they provide new insights into ancient ways of thinking about cities, landscapes, and society.

John H. Betts, Margaret A.V. Gill, Dietrich Sürenhagen, Hartmut Waetzoldt

Kleinere europäische Sammlungen

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 11

  Ingo Pini (Ed.) 

Falko Daim (Ed.)

Die byzantinischen Häfen Konstantinopels

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 4

The fortunes of Byzantine Constantinople always have been intrinsically tied to the sea. Topographical, demographical and economical development of the city is reflected in the history of its harbours, which for the first time is concerned in its entirety in this volume.
Twelve studies regarding the harbours and landing places of the city at the Sea of Marmara and the Golden Horn – but as well regarding those in their European as in their Asian surroundings – are creating a synthesis of the current state of research by analysis of written, pictorial and archaeological sources.

Victor Ernest Glenoce Kenna

Nordamerika I
New York, The Metropolitan Museum Of Art

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 12

  Friedrich Matz, Ingo Pini (Eds.)

Ingo Pini (Ed.)

Fragen und Probleme der bronzezeitlichen ägäischen Glyptik
Beiträge zum 3. Internationalen Marburger Siegel-Symposium 5.-7. September 1985

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Supplement 3

  

Guido Nockemann

Die bandkeramische Siedlungsgruppe Weisweiler 107 / Weisweiler 108 im Schlangengrabental
Band 2. Anhang und Tafeln

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 29

The Aldenhover plate came into the focus of the Bandkeramik research 40 years ago. Before the digging of soft coal, countless excavations and prospection were and still are being made. This book is about the archaeological findings and evaluation of the Bandkeramik settlement of Weisweiler 107 and Weisweiler 108 in Schlangengrabental on the Aldenhover plate situated in the Rhineland. This publication aims to not only document the bandkeramik legacy but also to accentuate the specialities and characteristics of the settlements Weisweiler 107 and Weisweiler 108. Furthermore this book attempts to clarify the cultural historical position and function of the Rhineland Bandkeramik. In order to do that, the findings are being compared with other settlements. Moreover a chronology of the settlement is complied and its role in different networks e.g. ceramic decorations or trading of flint artefact is analysed. This project closes a gap. For the first time all of the known settlements of the Bandkeramik age of the Schlangengrabental are documented and analysed as one.
Volume Archäologische Berichte 28 presents the analysis and results.

Guido Nockemann

Die bandkeramische Siedlungsgruppe Weisweiler 107 / Weisweiler 108 im Schlangengrabental
Band 1. Dokumentation und Auswertung

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 28

The Aldenhover plate came into the focus of the Bandkeramik research 40 years ago. Before the digging of soft coal, countless excavations and prospection were and still are being made. This book is about the archaeological findings and evaluation of the Bandkeramik settlement of Weisweiler 107 and Weisweiler 108 in Schlangengrabental on the Aldenhover plate situated in the Rhineland. This publication aims to not only document the bandkeramik legacy but also to accentuate the specialities and characteristics of the settlements Weisweiler 107 and Weisweiler 108. Furthermore this book attempts to clarify the cultural historical position and function of the Rhineland Bandkeramik. In order to do that, the findings are being compared with other settlements. Moreover a chronology of the settlement is complied and its role in different networks e.g. ceramic decorations or trading of flint artefact is analysed. This project closes a gap. For the first time all of the known settlements of the Bandkeramik age of the Schlangengrabental are documented and analysed as one.
Volume Archäologische Berichte 29 documents the data and the research.

Artemis Onassoglou

Die >Talismanischen< Siegel

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Supplement 2

Ingo Pini (Ed.)

Ingo Pini (Ed.)

Studien zur minoischen und helladischen Glyptik
Beiträge zum 2. Marburger Siegel-Symposium 26.-30. September 1978

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Supplement 1

  

Ingo Pini (Ed.)

Kleinere Griechische Sammlungen

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 5.2

  

Victor Ernest Glenoce Kenna, Eberhard Thomas

Nordamerika II
Kleinere Sammlungen

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 13

Friedrich Matz, Ingo Pini (Eds.)

Alexandra W. Busch, Jochen Griesbach, Johannes Lipps (Eds.)

Urbanitas – urbane Qualitäten
Die antike Stadt als kulturelle Selbstverwirklichung

RGZM – Tagungen, Vol. 33

The sheer unimaginable number of ancient towns allows no doubt about where life in the Classical world pulsated. What exactly the huge attraction of the towns comprised, however, can only be guessed at in the wake of the few comments in the literary sources: Apart from the varied entertainments on offer which the towns could provide, there is always mention of sophistication, whether in the social network or in the design of the material world. But how do such facets of urban culture also reveal themselves archaeologically? The conference proceedings address the question of ancient urbanitas exemplarily from various directions: On the one hand attention is placed on all those architecturally distinguishable installations which allow the recognition of a refined life beyond the economic criteria of utility. On the other hand it is highlighted with which methods towns procured a distinct self-consciousness, which testifies to pride, the desire for prestige and an enduring sense of togetherness. Finally, it also concerns the very simple question of what in the eyes of ancient people makes the town a town. Which urban qualities have to be achieved, so that a local community could claim to be on a par with other towns? The papers collated here, which deal not only with the large centres, but also with towns of various sizes up to the periphery of the Mediterranean world during the time-span of the 7th century B.C. until Late Antiquity, provide different answers. Certainly, there are recognizable patterns and obligatory ideas of standards, but to no lesser extent idiosyncratic solutions and special paths, thanks to which the towns could create a particular image.

Translation: C. Bridger 

 

Charlotte Schubert, Sven-Philipp Brandt (Eds.)

Der Protreptikos des Iamblich
Rekonstruktion, Refragmentarisierung und Kontextualisierung mit Textmining

Digital Classics Books, Vol. 1

This book combines several articles, which analyse the Protreptikos by Iamblichus with different text mining methods. With these methods the authors try to find new aspects for the discourse in classical studies about the relationship between the Protreptikos by Iamblichus, Aristotle’s Protreptikos and Plato’s writings.

Iamblichus’ Protreptikos is concerned with Pythagoras’ theory and for that purpose he discusses philosophical trends of the classical antiquity. Hence many citations of classical philosophers can be found in the text. For this reason the authors use the citation-analysis and the cooccurrence-analysis, text mining tools provided by the portal eAQUA, and give a new perspective on citation methods in Iamblichus’ Protreptikos.

Falko Daim, Jörg Drauschke (Eds.)

Hinter den Mauern und auf dem offenen Land
Leben im Byzantinischen Reich

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 3

  

Francisca Feraudi-Gruénais

… ubique naufragium …? Aspekte und Bedeutungen von Schiffsdarstellungen im Grab
II. Repertorium der Schiffsdarstellungen auf Grabdenkmälern der hellenistischen und römischen Zeit unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Inschriften

The online collection (Online-Repertorium) presented here was created out of the material used by the author for a recently published study on aspects and meaning of the representation of ships in burial monuments.  Beginning simply as the by-product of preparation for the study, the collection of over 500 examples of relevant presentations of ships in the context of burial monuments was too comprehensive simply to file away at the end of study and not to make available for further use.  The decision to publish electronically was guided by the intention of making as much visual material available as possible, by using hyperlinks from digital content available freely on the net.  Publishing this amount of material in printed form would have been totally impractical. This online collection presents itself as a reliable source of material about the presentation of ships in burial monuments, with particular reference to the inscriptions evidenced there, alongside the current relevant collections concerning the presentation of ships in the collection from I. Pekáry and the Navis II database.

Additional infomations you find here:

https://doi.org/10.11588/data/OOC0ZI

Georg Korting

VARUS’ UNTERGANG
Textkritische Anmerkungen zu Florus 2,30,34 b

This book tries to answer the question whether the assault of Arminius upon the Roman army (9 A. D.) took place in the Roman camp or en route, lasting several days, and whether Florus or Dio, Ranke or Mommsen, was right. My thesis is that the Roman historian, rhetorician and poet Florus was misunderstood in his short  history of Rome, when he speaks about this incident (2,30,34 b cum ille o securitas ad tribunal citaret, undique invadunt). It is universally assumed that Varus wanted the Germans to be brought before his tribunal and that these then bursted into the camp. Meanwhile, modern historians in the majority follow Dio  and renounce Florus.
However, Germans are not mentioned in Florus’ text. My main thesis is that the sentence is missing a direct object. The question that follows is whether the object behind citare may be missing in the Latin text. Therefore I examined more than 200 sentences which include citare. The result is that, under normal circumstances, it may not be missing. There are some exceptions which are being scrutinized. According to this, there is the option of conjectures. I propose one which makes it possible to put aside the contradiction between Florus and Dio. One might read: cum ille securi ita se ad tribunal citaret.
The modern standard editions of Florus’ epitome of do not have any conjecture in this passage. The investigation of several elder editions (out of a total number of 150-200) comes to the conclusion that the main thesis (about the missing object) was already implicitly advocated by Tanneguy Le Fèvre (Tanaquillus Faber) in 1672 and explicitly by his daughter Anne le Fève (Anna Fabri filia / Anne Dacier) in 1674 – each in a short foot-note –, and was only cited sporadically until 1844.

 

Henri van Effenterre, Micheline van Effenterre

Paris, Cabinet des Médailles

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 9

  Friedrich Matz, Ingo Pini (Eds.)

John H. Betts

Die Schweizer Sammlungen

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 10

  Ingo Pini (Ed.) 

Thomas Eser et al. (Eds.)

Authentisierung im Museum
Ein Werkstatt-Bericht

RGZM – Tagungen, Vol. 32

  

Lech Krzyżaniak, Karla Kroeper, Michał Kobusiewicz (Eds.)

Cultural Markers in the Later Prehistory of Northeastern Africa and Recent Research

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 8

  

Ruben Neidinger

Das Erbe des Minos
Die Überbauung minoischer Ruinen im dorischen Kreta

Daidalos – Heidelberger Abschlussarbeiten zur Klassischen Archäologie, Vol. 7

Ever since the discovery of the palace of Knossos by Arthur Evans the interest of archaeological scholars in the island of Crete has always focused on the civilization of the Minoans in the Bronze Age. The succeeding periods from the early Iron Age until the time of the Roman Empire have been until recently researched less intensive. This is also true because these succeeding time periods produced rather less spectacular architectural evidence than other regions of the Greek world, when Crete no longer played a major role in Greek history. As a result, architectural features from later phases resting on top of Bronze Age structures have always received less attention. This study intends to close the gap and will bring together all the evidence, where Minoan architecture was paved over by later buildings between the early Iron Age and Roman times, showing all the relevant sites in a single overview for the first time. It will show that most of the Minoan structures were built over in the Geometric-Archaic and the Hellenistic times, with a few Roman examples that might be historically significant. The study tries to put this evidence into the context of the historical evolution of the island throughout antiquity and to prove that many of the Minoan sites were built over for a specific reason. Especially the sanctuaries in the hinterland might indicate that the Greek inhabitants wanted to lay a claim on certain territories. In the case of the re-settled palaces the study also wants to consider the role played by the myths about King Minos on Crete. Whether or not these architectural activities might indicate the Dorian Cretans considered the long forgotten Minoan civilization as their ancestors is also part of the study´s discussion.

Lech Krzyżaniak, Michał Kobusiewicz (Eds.)

Origin and early development of food-producing cultures in North-Eastern Africa

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 1

  

Tünde Kaszab-Olschewski, Ingrid Tamerl (Eds.)

Wald- und Holznutzung in der römischen Antike
Festgabe für Jutta Meurers-Balke zum 65. Geburtstag

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 27

  

Melanie Eigen

Die eisenzeitliche und römische Siedlung von Tönisvorst‐Vorst (Kreis Viersen)

Archäologische Quellen, Vol. 1

  

Jutta Zerres

Hooded cloaks in Italy and the northwestern provinces of the Roman Empire
Use - Meaning - Habitus

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 26

In Roman times, hooded cloaks were highly valued and widespread garments because of their weather resistance. This study, however, illuminates more than the classical questions of all archaeological studies by typology, chronology, material and distribution. It is focused on a hitherto neglected aspect of this everyday object: its role in social communication. The historical and archaeological source material is analyzed with regard to the following questions: Are there persons or groups of persons whose habitus (in the sense of the French sociologist P. Bourdieu) include hooded cloaks? Which actors can be identified? Do they use special shapes of cloaks for that purpose? In what situations do they wear the garment and what messages do they convey? Where do the meaning assignments used come from? How do the actors deal with them? The areas under investigation are Italy and the north-western provinces of the Roman Empire during the period of the late Republic up to the Late Antiquity.

Thorsten Uthmeier

Micoquien, Aurignacien und Gravettien in Bayem
Eine regionale Studie zum Übergang vom Mittel- zum Jungpaläolithikum

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 18

Bayern ist ein Schlüsselgebiet in der Diskussion des Übergangs vom Mittel- zum Jungpaläolithikum. Die in den immer eisfreien Korridor zwischen skandinavischem und alpinem Eisschild eingebettete Donauebene verbindet als ein wichtiger eiszeitlicher Wanderungsweg die reichen Fundregionen des späten Mittel- und frühen Jungpaläolithikums in Südwesteuropa einerseits und Mittel- und Osteuropa andererseits. Mit Fundstellen des spätesten Mittelpaläolithikums, des frühesten Aurignaciens und des Gravettiens bietet sich hier die einmalige Gelegenheit, bisherige Erklärungsmodelle für eine der spannendsten Kapitel der Menschheitsgeschichte - der Ausbreitung des modernen Menschen - zu überprüfen.

Irene Berti

Gerechte Götter?
Vorstellungen von göttlicher Vergeltung im Mythos und Kult des archaischen und klassischen Griechenlands

In ancient Greek mentality, gods would not judge human beings according to abstract rules; their justice would rather work along mechanisms of reciprocity. In literature, for instance, there are many occurrences of the (comforting) thought that citizens behaving correctly would be rewarded by the gods. This implies, however, that negative acts would dissolve this good relationship, resulting in the anger of the gods and heavy consequences. This book analyses the mechanisms of divine retribution: using literary, epigraphical and archaeological sources, it aims to investigate what happens when the gods are angry and how the fear of divine punishment is mirrored in cultic practice. The monograph also studies the ways in which individuals, who feel that they have been victims of injustice, would invoke divine retribution on the wrongdoers.

Helen Hughes-Brock, John Boardman

Oxford - The Ashmolean Museum

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 6.1

Ingo Pini, Walter Müller (Eds.)

Helen Hughes-Brock, John Boardman

Oxford - The Ashmolean Museum

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 6.2

Ingo Pini, Walter Müller (Eds.)

Jacek Kabaciński, Marek Chłodnicki, Michał Kobusiewicz (Eds.)

Hunter-Gatherers and Early Food Producing Societies in Northeastern Africa

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 14

  

Andrea Lorenz

Der spätbronzezeitliche Hortfund von Stadtallendorf unter besonderer Berücksichtigung seiner Gläser

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 20

  

Caroline Hamon, Jan Graefe (Eds.)

New Perspectives on Querns in Neolithic Societies

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 23

Since the time of the first Neolithic societies, humans have processed the corn of the crops into flour by means of querns. Domestication and breeding of animals as well as cultivation and processing of crops constitute the basis of agrarian living. Initially within the past fifteen years, fundamental aspects of plant processing could be clarified. Research on grinding stones and hones contributes to the understanding and knowledge of Neolithic forms of economy and social organisation. Recent more or less regional studies provide new data that enable conclusions on exchange systems of raw materials, of economic basics and on the social and symbolic meaning of grinding stones.

The articles published in this issue result from a conference held in September 2007 at the 13th annual meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA) in Zadar (Croatia).

The essays show that a global overview of querns contributes significantly to the interpretation of status and function of a settlement site.

Rolf-Dieter Bauche, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ur- und Frühgeschichte e.V.

Die Keramik des 12. Jahrhunderts zwischen Köln und Aachen

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 9

  

Eric Biermann (Ed.)

Großgartach und Oberlauterbach.
Interregionale Beziehungen im südwestdeutschen Mittelneolithikum

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 8

  

Birgit Gehlen, Martin Heinen, Andreas Tillmann (Eds.)

Zeit-Räume
Gedenkschrift für Wolfgang Taute

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 14.1

  

Birgit Gehlen, Martin Heinen, Andreas Tillmann (Eds.)

Zeit-Räume
Gedenkschrift für Wolfgang Taute

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 14.2

  

Giannēs A. Sakellarakēs, Victor Ernest Glenoce Kenna

Iraklion, Sammlung Metaxas

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 4

Friedrich Matz (Ed.)

Martin Schmidt (Ed.)

Geschichte heißt: So ist's gewesen! abgesehen von dem wie's war ...
Geburtstagsgrüße für Günter Smolla

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 11

  

Ronald Bakker

The emergence of agriculture on the Drenthe Plateau
A palaeobotanical study supported by high-resolution 14C dating

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 16

Sediments from a pingo scar, a relic from the last glaciation, in the province of Drenthe (the Netherlands) are studied for their content of pollen and macroscopic remains. On the basis of nine pollen diagrams, the author reconstructs the vegetation from the Preboreal up till the present. Special attention is given to the beginning of the Neolithic, which marks the beginning of agriculture. A model is developed which describes changes in human-influenced pollen types during the Neolithic in pollen diagrams from Pleistocene areas near the North Sea coast.
The so-called Neolithic Occupation Period (NOP) is divided into three phases, which represent three different types of farming economy. By means of high-resolution 14C dating, the three phases are correlated with archaeological cultures. Phase NOP-1, characterized by small-scale arable farming and livestock foddering with leaves and twigs, is dated to 4050-3450 cal BC, which is in the period of the Swifterbant Culture. This shows that the first farmers on the Drenthe Plateau belonged to the Swifterbant Culture. Phase NOP-2, characterized by more large-scale, grass-based stock keeping, is connected with the Funnel Beaker Culture. Phase NOP-3, in which agriculture was concentrated in smaller areas, is contemporary with the Single Grave and Bell Beaker Cultures. 

Lech Krzyżaniak, Karla Kroeper, Michał Kobusiewicz (Eds.)

Recent Research Into the Stone Age of Northeastem Africa

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 7

  

Erika Riedmeier-Fischer

Die Hirschgeweihartefakte von Yverdon, Avenue des Sports

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 15

The present paper examines deer antler artefacts excavated at the Late Neolithic settlement of Yverdon, Avenue des Sports, at Lake Neuchâtel in Western Switzerland. After introdutory chapters on the status of research and production techniques as well as on the evaluation of existing chronologies, the finds are presented and analysed stratigraphically. The antler artefacts from Yverdon, which date mainly to a period between 2.750-2.550 BC, provide the basis for the interpretation of late Neolithic finds from Western Switzerland compared with those of Eastern Switzerland and the Lake Constance region. In the west, there is a considerable influence of the southern French Saône-Rhône-culture, whereas in the east, a strong assimilation to Corded Ware culture is evident - a fact confirming impressively the already existing pottery analyses. 

Birgit Herren

Die alt- und mittelneolithische Siedlung von Harting-Nord, Kr. Regensburg/Oberpfalz
- Befunde und Keramik aus dem Übergangshorizont zwischen Linearbandkeramik und Südostbayerischem Mittelneolithikum (SOB)

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 17

Im Unterschied zu allen bis dato untersuchten Fundplätzen Niederbayerns ist in Harting-Nord der Übergang von Alt- zu Mittelneolithikum erfasst. Im Altneolithikum stehen die Hausgrundrisse und Gefäße noch ganz in linearbandkeramischer Tradition.

Die Untersuchungen von Birgit Herren zeigen, dass sich mit zunehmendem Kontakt zu der in Böhmen und im Elbe-Saale-Gebiet entstandenen Stichbandkeramik entsprechende Kulturelemente auch in Harting-Nord niederschlagen: Der sukzessive, kontinuierliche Wandel von Linearbandkeramik zum älteren Südostbayerischen Mittelneolithikum (kurz SOB I) ist sowohl in den Hauskonstruktionen und den Gefäßformen als auch im Verzierungsstil anschaulich nachzuvollziehen. Die Siedlungsstruktur ändert sich hingegen nicht. Die neolithische Siedlung von Harting-Nord endet vor dem Einsetzen des regionalen Verzierungsstils im SOB II.

P. J. Felder, P. Cor M. Rademakers, Marjorie E.Th. de Grooth (Eds.)

Excavations of Prehistoric Flint Mines at Rijckholt-St. Geertruid (Limburg, The Netherlands) by the 'Prehistoric Flint Mines Working Group' of the Dutch Geological Society, Limburg Section

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 12

From 1964 to 1972, the "Prehistoric Flint Mines Working Group" of the Dutch Geological Society, Limburg Section, conducted excavations in the Neolithic flint mine of Rijckholt-St. Geetruid. The excavations based on a nearly 150 metres long tunnel driven through the Neolithic mining area. On both sides of the tunnel, the prehistoric galleries were followed over a length of ten metres. 75 square metres of shafts and 1.526 square metres of galleries were examined on a total area of 2.436 square metres.

However, the actual mining site is significantly larger: Underground mining stretched over an area of approximately 8 hectares. Flint was mined in an area of about 25 hectares while flake was located in an 25 hectare area. The archaeologists documented all discovered shafts and galleries in detail. Furthermore, they unearthed animal bones and snail shells as well as a human skull. The excavations provided more than 14.000 artefacts. Radiocarbon dating suggested an age between 3.970 and 3.700 BC. However, the local mining activities may have lasted until 3.400 or even 2.650 BC.

The present publication describes the applied excavation methods. Moreover, it attempts to reconstruct prehistoric mining techniques. The calculation of the absolute amount of flint (14-16 million kg of an 8 hectare mining area) and the number of shafts (about 2000) suggest that the soil still contains more than 400.000 stone artefacts.

Karla Kroeper, Marek Chłodnicki, Michał Kobusiewicz (Eds.)

Archaeology of Early Northeastern Africa
In Memory of Lech Krzyżaniak

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 9

  

Lech Krzyżaniak, Michał Kobusiewicz, John Alexander (Eds.)

Environmental change and human culture in the Nile Basin and Northern Africa until the second millennium B.C.

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 4

  

Jutta Meurers-Balke, Werner Schön (Eds.)

Vergangene Zeiten - LIBER AMICORUM
Gedenkschrift für Jürgen Hoika

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 22

  

Lech Krzyżaniak, Michał Kobusiewicz (Eds.)

Late prehistory of the Nile Basin and the Sahara

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 2

  

Jasper von Richthofen

Fibelgebrauch — gebrauchte Fibeln
Studien an Fibeln der älteren Römischen Kaiserzeit

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 13

   

Ingo Pini, Walter Müller

Iraklion, Archäologisches Museum
Sammlung Giamalakis, Teil 2

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 3.2

Ingo Pini, Walter Müller (Eds.)

Ingo Pini, Walter Müller

Iraklion, Archäologisches Museum
Sammlung Giamalakis, Teil 1

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 3.1

 Ingo Pini, Walter Müller (Eds.)

Armin F. Bergmeier, Katharina Palmberger, Joseph E. Sanzo (Eds.)

Erzeugung und Zerstörung von Sakralität zwischen Antike und Mittelalter
Beiträge der internationalen Tagung in München vom 20.–21.10.2015

Distant Worlds Journal Special Issues, Vol. 1

  

Lech Krzyżaniak, Karla Kroeper, Michał Kobusiewicz (Eds.)

Interregional Contacts in the Later Prehistory of Northeastern Africa

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 5

  

Ingo Pini, Margaret A.V. Gill, Walter Müller

Iraklion, Archäologisches Museum
Die Siegelabdrücke von Knossos. Unter Einbeziehung von Funden aus anderen Museen

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 2.8.2

Ingo Pini (Ed.)

Ingo Pini (Ed.)

Iraklion, Archäologisches Museum
Die Siegelabdrücke von Knossos. Unter Einbeziehung von Funden aus anderen Museen

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 2.8.1

  

Agnieszka Mączyńska (Ed.)

The Nile Delta as a centre of cultural interactions between Upper Egypt and the Southern Levant in the 4th millennium BC
Proceedings of the conference held in the Poznan Archaeological Museum, Poznań , Poland , 21-22 June 2013

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 13

  

Jacek Kabaciński, Marek Chłodnicki, Michał Kobusiewicz (Eds.)

Prehistory of Northeastern Africa
New Ideas and Discoveries

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 11

  

Joachim Fugmann, Peter L. Schmidt

Rezensionen-Bibliographie zur lateinischen Literaturgeschichte der Antike (1855-1939)

By the middle of the 19th Century, scholarly reviews had become an important form of publication within the context of discourse in the field of classical studies. However, at the time these reviews were not registered in bibliographies. The «Bibliographie der Rezensionen» described here fills this gap by systematically recording all titles dealing with Latin texts or or titles on general topics in which Latin texts are included, that were published between 1855 and 1939. Thus, this resource provides the first ever comprehensive documentation and cataloging of this rich source of information about scholarly discourse on Latin texts from this era.

Ingo Pini (Ed.)

Die Siegelabdrücke von AJ. Triada und anderen Zentral- und Ostkretischen Fundorten
Unter Einbeziehung von Funden aus anderen Museen

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 2.6

  

Ingo Pini, Nikolaos Platon

Iraklion, Archäologisches Museum
A. Die Siegel der Nachpalastzeit. B. Undatierbare spätminoische Siegel

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 2.4

Ingo Pini (Ed.)

Walter Müller, Ingo Pini

Iraklion, Archäologisches Museum
Die Siegelabdrücke von Kato Zakros. Unter Einbeziehung von Funden aus anderen Museen

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 2.7

  Ingo Pini (Ed.)

Marek Chłodnicki, Michał Kobusiewicz, Karla Kroeper (Eds.)

Kadero

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 10

  

Lech Krzyżaniak

Schyłek pradziejów w środkowym Sudanie

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 3

  

Anastassios Ch. Antonaras

Arts, Crafts and Trades in Ancient and Byzantine Thessaloniki
Archaeological, Literary and Epigraphic Evidence

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 2

For the first time, the arts and crafts of Thessaloniki, once the second largest city in the Byzantine Empire after Constantinople, are examined thoroughly through archaeological remains, historical sources and epigraphic records.

More than 80 years of archaeological research and a life-time of personal research that covers 112 excavations, reveals at least 16 artisanal trades in detail. The book is organised chronologically with overviews of the political history and topography of Thessaloniki throughout its nineteen-centuries-long history. With an illustrated catalogue of each site and distribution maps, this work reveals relatively unknown aspects of life in Antiquity, the Early Christian period and Byzantium.

Victor Ernest Glenoce Kenna

Die Englischen Museen II

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 7

  Friedrich Matz, Hagen Biesantz (Eds.)

Ingo Pini, Nikolaos Platon

Iraklion Archäologisches Museum
Die Siegel der Neupalastzeit

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 2.3

Ingo Pini (ed.)

Ingo Pini

Iraklion, Archäologisches Museum
Die Siegelabdrücke von Phästos

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 2.5

  Friedrich Matz, Ingo Pini (Eds.)

Friedrich Matz, Hagen Biesantz (Eds.)

Die minoischen und mykenischen Siegel des Nationalmuseums in Athen

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 1

  

Ingo Pini (Ed.)

Kleinere Griechische Sammlungen

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 5.1

  

Victor Ernest Glenoce Kenna

Die englischen Privatsammlungen

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 8

  Friedrich Matz, Hagen Biesantz (Eds) 

Ingo Pini, Nikolaos Platon, Gisela Salies

Iraklion, Archäologisches Museum
Die Siegel der Altpalastzeit

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 2.2

Ingo Pini (Ed.)

The second CMS volume about the Heraklion Archeological Museum’s collection presents seals of the Cretan Old Palace Period that had been uncovered until the early 1970s from reliable or unknown features. The ensemble from the seal workshop of Malia, which comprises 100 seals in different states of their processing, holds a prominent position in this volume.

Peter Pfälzner

Mittanische und mittelassyrische Keramik
Eine chronologische, funktionale und produktionsökonomische Analyse

  

Friedrich Matz, Ingo Pini (Eds.)

Iraklion, Archäologisches Museum
Die Siegel der Vorpalastzeit

Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Vol. 2.1

The first CMS volume about the Heraklion Archeological Museum’s collection presents seals of the Cretan Pre-Palace Period from reliable or unknown features. The volume comprises findings that had been uncovered until the 1960s. It also includes numerous seals of the Old Palace Period, which, at that time, were considered to be of the Pre-Palace Period. The large majority of this important material originates from central Cretan necropoli or isolated graves.

Neslihan Asutay-Effenberger, Falko Daim (Eds.)

Der Doppeladler
Byzanz und die Seldschuken in Anatolien vom späten 11. bis zum 13. Jahrhundert

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 1

The Rum Seljuk Empire had emerged after the devastating Battle of Manzikert in 1071 in the previously Byzantine Anatolia. Until its dissolution in early 14th century it was the Byzantines’ most important neighbor on their Eastern border. The Rum Seljuk Empire combined Seljuk and Greek-Orthodox populations. Thus it was in close contact with Byzantium: Especially trade, the exchange of artists and marriages defined these relations. These social and political links as well as the ethnic and religious tolerance that shaped the coexistence of different groups in the Rum Seljuk Empire built the foundation for great art. At the same time we only know little about the Rum Seljuks and their interaction with the Byzantines so that the impression, that there had not been any cultural exchange between them, still prevails.

This conference volume presents the results of an interdisciplinary congress that took place October 1.-3, 2010 in the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz. The congress intended to discard this impression and initiate a discussion about problems concerning the Byzantine-Seljuk relations.

Heidrun Derks

Gräber und ‚Geschlechterfragen‘
Studie zu den Bestattungssitten der älteren Römischen Kaiserzeit

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 24

Cemetery for males, cemetery for females or “optical” illusion? Male or female? Cultural phenomenon or a fallacy caused by source material? Since the long 19th century these questions go hand in hand with research on graves and graveyards of the early Roman Imperial period between the Elbe and the Oder.

The study at hand summarizes the course of previous discussions and delivers an extensive examination of this controversial issue, that has been debated over for about 150 years, by analyzing over 7.000 single findings from over 300 sites. The study furthermore brings potential interpretations and explanatory models into focus and thus moves beyond the realm of archaeological research.

Comparative analysis of ethnological studies

For the first time a comprehensive comparative evaluation of ethnological studies about the relevance of gender in funeral rites is being presented. The study gives insight on the diversity of arrangements and meanings of gender specific funeral rites and on the “interaction” between life and death expressed by the rites.

Interplay between political, economic and social factors

Reconsidering and linking back to the early Roman Empire it becomes clear that conceptions of cultural “gender” affected funeral rites at that time considerably, but they by no means determined them single-handedly. Despite the sometimes vague and diffuse source material, it can be argued that a complex interplay between political, economic and social factors needs to be considered in order to interpret and explain the regional diversity as well as the historical changes observed concerning rites for grave goods.

At the same time, however, there is some evidence that the gender concept gathered from the funeral rites possibly was influenced by external factors – threats, elite formation, increase in “prosperity” – and was subject to considerable changes in the course of the early Roman Imperial period.

Arbeitskreis Archäologie im Schulbuch der DGUF (Ed.)

Literaturempfehlungen zur Archäologie
Fachliteratur, Sachbücher, Kinder- und Jugendliteratur

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 21

With this bibliography the DGUF work group “Archaeology in the Schoolbook” offers a compilation including specialized literature as well as books for children and young adults. It is intended for authors of schoolbooks, teachers, museum pedagogues, students and interested laymen.

The directory with comments by specialist researchers is organized into eras, themes and at times federal states and covers topics concerning the Paleolithic and Middle Ages. It is a well-structured reference book for everybody in search for an easy introduction to the pre- and ancient history of Middle/Central Europe.

Barbara Kraus

Befund Kind
Überlegungen zu archäologischen und anthropologischen Untersuchungen von Kinderbestattungen

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 19

Graves are some of the most important sources for research in pre- and ancient history. Only with detailed knowledge of scientific methods as well as of their possibilities and limits, the decision to recover human remains and analyze them for a specific archaeological epistemological interest can be pursued. Especially the utilization of invasive methods requires particular care.

Modifying methods applied for forming a diagnosis on human remains of adults is not sufficient for taking into consideration diagnosed features of (deceased) children – which at the same time may have varying characteristics due to maturity processes – adequately.

Also, certain criteria determine whether written sources can be used as part of an analogical conclusion. These criteria may structurally resemble problems of applicability faced when using anthropological methods.

The present overview on archaeological and anthropological methods for the diagnosis and evaluation of children’s organic remains is intended as a contribution for methodology.

Susanne Bosche

Die Selbstrepräsentation von Handwerkern und Händlern im Grabkontext in der Provinz Gallia Belgica
Aspekte der Vermittlung sozialer Identität in einer multikulturellen Gesellschaft

Daidalos – Heidelberger Abschlussarbeiten zur Klassischen Archäologie, Vol. 6

The study at hand focusses on the analysis of the social background underlying the self-representation of crafts- and tradesmen in the context of graves in the Roman province Gallia Belgica during the 2rd and 3rd centuries AD. It also deals with conceivable phenomena stemming from an enhanced contact between the local population and Roman culture. In the first part of the study it is suggested that the high number of stone grave monuments for crafts- and tradesmen found for the period in question seemingly needs to be considered in the context of changes in memorial culture and of materials used, and that it cannot be ascribed to only social or economic factors.

The grave monuments’ iconographic design, which is analyzed with regard to their economic aspects in the second part of the study, does not indicate a stabilization of the visual language that could have been read as the expression of a collective identity. The conceptual background of the representativeness of craftsmanship and trade is defined by the production of goods of high and verifiable quality. At the same time the trans-regional transport of goods was more important for this consideration than their actual sale. This was because not the exchange of goods for money, but the interaction with clients was of priority. The third part of the study deals with the social classification of the respective individuals. This is possible only to a limited extent: The individuals’ legal status in particular cannot be reconstructed in a conclusive manner. Their names and clothes, however, suggest that they predominantly must have been members of the local population. The grave monuments, that were highly heterogenic in their forms, indicate a claim for social prestige - among other tendencies concerning the expansion of technical demands in memorial construction in the context of commemorative culture. In many cases this claim is being combined with the characterization of the respective individual through the inclusion of prestige goods. The thus identifiable claim for prestige coincides with a tendency for an increased orientation to elements of Roman culture. Due to the lack of studies addressing political ambitions and phenomena discernable in the economic sphere, it should be assumed that internationality was established at least partially as a social value.

Agnieszka Mączyńska

Lower Egyptian Communities and Their Interactions with Southern Levant in the 4th Millennium BC

Studies in African Archaeology, Vol. 12

   

Ariane Elisabeth Tatas

Die figürlichen Grabstelen im römischen Thessaloniki

Daidalos – Heidelberger Abschlussarbeiten zur Klassischen Archäologie, Vol. 5

„Ταῦτα, φίλοι ∙ μετὰ ταῦτα τί | γὰρ πλέον; οὐκέτι ταῦτα. |στήλλη ταῦτα λαλεῖ καὶ λί|θος ∙ οὐ γὰρ ἐγώ“.  A funerary epigram of the 3rd century AD from Eumeneia in Phrygia ends with these words. The first words give the impression that the deceased might be addressing passersby and onlookers of his grave’s stele for the last time. Naturally, this impression is a deceiving one, because whichever hopes or fears our Gaius might have had with regard to the afterworld, we certainly will not be able to get him to speak ever again. With this in mind we here at least will attempt to interpret the language of the gravestones as conveyed through both images and words. The study at hand thus examines the figural sepulchral steles of Thessaloniki and its chora during the Roman period, i. e. primarily between the early 1st century BC and the end of the 3rd century AD. The goal was to gather the material in its entirety.

Selma Abdelhamid

»Ein Ostwind wird Dich mitten auf dem Meer zerbrechen«
Phönizische Schiffswracks vom 8. bis 6. Jh. v. Chr.

Daidalos – Heidelberger Abschlussarbeiten zur Klassischen Archäologie, Vol. 4

Over the centuries Phoenician ships navigated from the Syrian-Lebanese coast over and beyond the Mediterranean assisted by wind propulsion. The majority of the reports written about these exploratory trips and trade voyages have not survived. No vessels were found until the mid-20th century, so that only very limited knowledge about Phoenician seafaring was available to scholars. During the last decades, however, numerous wrecks were found: Even if they are ‘shattered’ and sunken, these ships still can be considered as graphic evidence for communication structures from the Iron Age and Archaic Period. They allow for the direct reconstruction of Phoenician trade during its prosperous period for the first time. The wrecks in Ashkelon are proof of the wine trade. Those in Mazarrón, in the Eastern Mediterranean, give insight on shipbuilding and the active trade on the Iberian Peninsula. Finally, the findings in Bajo de la Campana and Rocheslongues attest to the trade with natural resources that seldom can be proven ashore.