Tiberius Bader (Ed.)

Hemmingen in der Vor- und Frühgeschichte

Archäologische Informationen aus Baden-Württemberg, Vol. 79

The small town of Hemmingen, which today has a population of around 7300, is located 15 km north-west of the state capital Stuttgart. It lies in the “Strohgäu”, a landscape characterised by rolling hills and gentle valleys, between the central Neckar valley and the Black Forest foothills. The region's highly fertile loess soils have been used for agriculture since the beginning of the Neolithic some 7500 years ago and throughout all subsequent eras. Numerous finds of settlements of the first farmers as well as traces of the Celts, Romans and Alamanni illustrate thousands of years of settlement history in and around Hemmingen. This booklet is based on a series of lectures of the Local History Association in Hemmingen. In addition to a short outline of the local history of research, it offers a summarising overview of the most important periods of prehistory and early history and the archaeological monuments and finds by which they are represented in Hemmingen.

Annalisa Marzano (Ed.)

Villas, Peasant Agriculture, and the Roman Rural Economy
Panel 3.15

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 17

The Roman villa was a defining element of the Roman world and its appearance and spread, both in various regions of Roman Italy and abroad, have been linked to various historical phenomena: Rome’s territorial expansion, the establishment of colonial settlements, and the indigenous elites’ readiness to participate in forms of Roman life. While traditional historiography has seen the spread of large villas in Republican Italy as a phenomenon that displaced small and medium landowners from the land, and thus contributed to Rome’s socio-political problems, recent studies have stressed that large villas and farms were not at variance with each other. The papers gathered in this volume aim at giving a more organic evaluation of how the ‘villa economy’ and the ‘peasant economy’ operated, and to what degree, if any, the two were integrated. It does so by addressing two main questions: whether villas and small and medium farms were part of two distinctive productive and distributive systems or not; and to what extent the picture emerging from provincial territories compares with the situation in Roman Italy.

Miko Flohr , Nicolas Monteix (Eds.)

Shops, Workshops and Urban Economic History in the Roman World
Panel 8.3

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 42

The material remains of Roman urban shops and workshops long played a marginal role in classical archaeology, but in recent years, they have enjoyed a marked increase of scholarly attention. Influenced by debates about the nature of ancient urban economies, scholars began to study the archaeological evidence for urban retail and manufacturing with an unprecedented vigour from the late 1990s onwards.

Since the turn of the millennium, scholars have increasingly begun to study shop- and workshop design in relation to profit-oriented investment strategies, and to explore the economic history of urban commercial landscapes.  This volume discusses the ways in which the study of urban shops and workshops has challenged our conceptualization of urban economic history in the Roman world, and it explores possible avenues to further deepen our understanding of the changing nature of Roman urban commerce, and to bridge spatial and chronological distances between local sets of evidence.

Eva Mol , Lisa Lodwick (Eds.)

AIAC-Round Table Discussion. Diversity in the Past, Diversity in the Present? Issues of Gender, Whiteness, and Class in ‘Classical’ Archaeology
Panel 12.10

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 52

This small volume within the AIAC-proceedings is the result of a panel discussion on diversity in Classical Archaeology, and can be read as a call and pamphlet for more inclusivity and social justice in the field. In light of the dismay of many concerning the initial all-male keynote panel at AIAC2018, the panel was aimed at discussing broader issues concerning diversity and intersectionality in Greco-Roman archaeology. As archaeologists, we have made it one of our principal tasks to bring to the fore ‘the people without history’ and show a more diverse image of the Greek and Roman past. Then why is this diversity not reflected in the discipline itself? The all-male panel was symptomatic of more fundamental problems that the discipline suffers from, both in terms of gender and its inseparably related issues of whiteness, class, and the ‘Classical’. The AIAC-panel proved to be a constructive and empowering meeting ground, where vital matters of inequality and injustice were discussed, as well as the discipline’s capability of moving towards a more self-reflexive and socially engaged future. The contributions in this volume count as a reflection of this fruitful and ongoing debate, which will hopefully lead to more awareness as well as more dialogue.

Michael Herdick , Angelika Hunold , Holger Schaaff (Eds.)

Pre-modern Industrial Districts
Panel 3.12

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 14

The ancient quarrying and mining district of the Eastern Eifel has been the subject of research by the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum (RGZM) in Mainz and Mayen since 1997. The products – primarily basalt lava millstones, tuffstone building material, and pottery – were extensively traded throughout much of Europe for many centuries.

An extensive research programme was launched to examine the wealth of evidence about the ancient stone industry in the region and its significance for the political establishment of Rome north of the Alps. The main subjects were the basalt and tuff stone industries as well as the Mayen vicus, the most important economic centre. Another subject is the pottery production, which is researched by material studies as well as by experimental archaeology. Other studies deal with the preconditions for the economic success, focussing on the infrastructure and the rural settlement conditions.

Being an industrial district of supraregional importance, the quarrying and mining district of the Eastern Eifel turned out an excellent case study for the investigation of pre-modern industrial districts in general, providing a model for the study of ancient industries: these need to be investigated with a long-term view and with a holistic approach, taking into account economic, social and settlement aspects.

Vassilis Orfanos

Τουρκικά δάνεια στα ελληνικά της Κρήτης
Συναγωγή από λεξικά, κείμενα και προφορικό λόγο

This work presents a detailed and documented list of Turkish loanwords found in Greek as spoken in Crete, from the time of the Cretan War (1645-1669) until today. The material presented comes from dictionaries, texts, and oral speech, with entries amounting to a total number of 4000 approximately. It includes words that come directly from Turkish, but also those that followed, through derivation or composition. This corpus is a solid basis for the study of the impact of the Turkish language on the Cretan idiom and the Greek language in general. The first edition of this work was published by the Vikelaia Municipal Library of Heraklion (Crete, Greece) in 2014. 

Albert Hafner et al. (Eds.)

Settling waterscapes in Europe
The archaeology of Neolithic and Bronze Age pile-dwellings

OSPA – Open Series in Prehistoric Archaeology, Vol. 1

Pile dwellings have been explored all over Europe for decades now. This has led to the development of different methods and even schools of excavations and analysis techniques influenced by the research traditions in individual countries. This volume provides a current insight into international research on life in and around prehistoric waterscapes. It contains various case studies demonstrating the importance of scientific analysis for the study of settlement between land and water and on the anthropogenic influence on the landscapes around Neolithic and Bronze Age pile dwellings, presenting a new body of data and international perspectives on the settlement of European waterscapes.

Related research data are here.

Peter Kuhlmann , Valeria Marchetti (Eds.)

Cicero als Bildungsautor der Gegenwart

Ars Didactica – Alte Sprachen lehren und lernen, Vol. 6

Cicero’s works are still often used in Latin instruction. In November 2018, a conference organized by the Göttingen Collaborative Research Center ”Education and Religion“ examined the pedagogical value of Cicero’s philosophical works in particular.
The results of that conference are presented here and include contributions from instructors throughout Germany as well as Austria and Italy. These essays pursue both diachronic and synchronic aspects of reading Cicero in the classroom, as well as the significance of Cicero's works as examination texts. They show how Cicero’s works can be considered teaching texts in two ways: While Cicero has a canonical status for Latin teaching today, he also saw himself as an educator in his own day, concerned with cultivating humanitas in his readers.

 

Elena H. Sánchez López (Ed.)

The Role of Water in Production Processes in Antiquity
Panel 3.19

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 21

Water is required in many production processes, both now and in the past. But water studies have traditionally focused on the analysis of water supply structures, in particular on aqueducts and monumental fountains, leaving aside most of the uses given to this precious liquid after bringing it into the urban settlements. Apart from the baths – already included in water studies decades ago – Classical Archaeologist have only recently begun to take into consideration other uses of water. Nevertheless, the uses  related directly to productive activities have never been properly addressed.

Agriculture, pottery or glass production, building materials and construction techniques, are very common issues in recent research, however, the study of the different processes related to each of those activities has aroused much less interest and the role of water within these processes has been totally neglected. This volume includes four papers that are a first attempt to study water in production processes in the Roman period and in Late Antiquity.

Javier Andreu Pintado (Ed.)

From "splendidissima ciuitas" to "oppidum labens": Financial Problems and Material Ruin in Roman Provincial Cities at the End of the High-Empire. The Hispanic Provinces
Panel 8.7

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 45

Ancient Roman writers used to think of the Classical city as a durable, even eternal, structure and to recognize and underline its symbolic value as a reflection of the maiestas Imperii Romani and an image of the Romanization itself. On the other hand, different sources, from Pliny the Younger to the Historia Augusta, in addition to some inscriptions relate the weaknesses and problems of the local governments in maintaining the urban way of life and in supporting the financial system of those centres, in particular after the second half of the 2nd century AD, right before the much-discussed ‘crisis of the 3rd century’. This phenomenon turned many former splendidissimae ciuitates that possessed all the facilities and equipment of a Classical Roman  city into oppida labentia, cities in decline and in process of abandonment. This exciting process is only visible through the appropriate analysis of the archaeological evidence. This book deals with some of the juridical, historical, institutional and political factors and facts, which can contribute to enlighten us about the elements of this decline of some of the small towns in the Roman West, in particular some paradigmatic evidence and case studies from  Roman Spain.

Franziska Fritzsche

So einfach – in der Theorie
Überlegungen zur Interdisziplinarität in der Klassischen Archäologie

Daidalos – Heidelberger Abschlussarbeiten zur Klassischen Archäologie, Vol. 11

The present study concentrates on the applicability of interdisciplinary theoretical models within Classical Archaeology. It starts off with an analysis of the term “science” and its evolution in order to extrapolate essential technical terms such as inter-, trans- and multidisciplinarity. This is followed by an overview of the history, methods and theories of Classical Archaeology. Since this discipline has often been criticized for a lack of interdisciplinary theories, the author compares the conception of Classical Archaeology with the modus operandi of Pre- and Protohistory, which in turn features a large spectrum of – at times contradictory – schools of thought. To this end, different theories from Pre- and Protohistory are selected and introduced. In a final step, these are transferred to two Classical Archaeological case studies. By analyzing libation rituals in Bronze Age and Classical Greece, the applicability of interdisciplinary theories in Classical Studies and any respective prerequisites are examined.

Manfred Rösch , Tanja Märkle (Eds.)

Kelten, Dinkel, Eisenerz
Sieben Jahrtausende Siedlung und Wirtschaft im Enztal

Archäologische Informationen aus Baden-Württemberg, Vol. 73

The Enz valley connects the former countries of Baden, Württemberg and the Electoral Palatinate and at the same time the landscapes of the Black Forest, Kraichgau, Stromberg, Gäu and the Middle Neckar Region. As it has been populated since the Linear Pottery Culture, the settlement development of the region can be retraced in an exemplary way. Due to political fragmentation, however, a historical overview is still missing. The volume at hand closes this gap and illustrates the settlement, economic and environmental history of the Enz valley over the past seven millennia from an interdisciplinary perspective.

Rinse Willet (Ed.)

The Economics of Urbanism in the Roman East
Panel 8.4

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 43

This volume discusses the geography of cities of the Eastern Mediterranean that existed under the Roman Empire. Roman urbanism has a long historiography, however, many previous studies saw the ancient town as an isolated historical phenomenon, or at best as an index of the spread of Hellenism or Romanitas. This volume attempts to take a step further and place the town in its socio-economic context, while also presenting the most up-to-date statistics for the urban phenomenon in the Roman East. Six contributions all deal with issues related to the spatial patterns observed in the distribution of cities in the eastern half of the Empire. One contribution, by way of comparison, deals with Roman urbanism of the Iberian Peninsula. Starting off with an overview of the Eastern Mediterranean as a whole, each contribution zooms in on a specific region in order to investigate  the factors that shaped the pattern of urban settlement and the variation of city size on both (supra)regional and local scales. These factors are wide-ranging, from climatological variation, possibilities of connectivity through the road-network and sea-lanes, historical path-dependency, and agricultural potential to specific policies of Roman imperialism.

Jacobus Bracker (Ed.)

Homo pictor
Image Studies and Archaeology in Dialogue

Freiburger Studien zur Archäologie und visuellen Kultur , Vol. 2

The contributions to this collection discuss – from a general perspective and on the basis of concrete examples – how the epistemic potentials of the manifold current strands of image and visual culture studies on images and their perception – which proliferated since the pictorial and the iconic turn – can be made available for the archaeological study of image cultures. They address semiotic and perceptual, frame-semantic, affect-theoretical and cognitive approaches as well as questions of image contexts and the agency of images.

Elon D. Heymans , Marleen K. Termeer (Eds.)

Politics of Value: New Approaches to Early Money and the State
Panel 5.11

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 33

As one of the most enduring icons of economic life, money has been a common feature and central focus in complex societies from Antiquity to the present. It gained weight as a key feature of Mediterranean economies in the course of the first millennium BCE, mostly in the form of coinage. But money is more than just coin, and its significance is more pervasive than just to the strict sphere of “the economy”.
In the ancient Mediterranean, money and its rise to prominence have b een p redominantly a ssociated w ith t he s tate. B ut c an money only emerge under state authority? This volume questions the assumed relation between the spread of early forms of money and the state and draws attention to different ways in which money as an innovation could be anchored and socially embedded.

Johanna Banck-Burgess , Lisa-Maria Rösch (Eds.)

Verknüpft und Zugenäht
Gräser, Bast, Rinde – Alleskönner der Steinzeit

Archäologische Informationen aus Baden-Württemberg, Vol. 82

The textiles found at the prehistoric lake dwelling settlements were true all-rounders. A wide range and variety of raw materials reveal an astonishing variety of applications. The interdisciplinary research project “THEFBO” (2018–2021) investigates the cultural and historical significance of textiles for the early agricultural communities. This booklet accompanies the touring exhibition and contains comprehensive articles from the project partners as well as interviews covering the diversity of the theme.

Sonja B. Grimm

Resilience and Reorganisation of Social Systems during the Weichselian Lateglacial in North-West Europe
An Evaluation of the Archaeological, Climatic, and Environmental Record

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 128

At the end of the Pleistocene, hunters and gatherers had to adapt themselves and their social systems in North-West Europe to abrupt climate and significant environmental changes. This adaptation process is reconstructed in detail based on 25 archaeological sites and in connection with high-resolution climate and environmental archives. Based on this rigorous correlation, a chronological relation between climatic, environmental, and cultural change is established that for the first time allows founded statements about cause and effect. This study reveals that the Pleistocene social systems could cope with the significant climate changes but that they were stretched beyond their limits by quickly changing environmental conditions.

R. Nicholas E. Barton , Abdeljalil Bouzouggar , Simon N. Collcutt , Louise T. Humphrey (Eds.)

Cemeteries and Sedentism in the Later Stone Age of NW Africa: Excavations at Grotte des Pigeons, Taforalt, Morocco

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 147

Grotte des Pigeons, Taforalt (Morocco), is one of the most famous cave sites in North Africa. We present new findings on the Iberomaurusian hunter-gatherer inhabitants who faced major challenges of a rapidly changing climate.

In this volume we describe archaeological evidence covering the period 23,000 to 12,500 years ago. We examine the nature of environmental and behavioural changes, culminating in a major broadening of the food spectrum at around 15,000 years ago, linked to technological innovation in some aspects but conservatism in others. The cave also came to be used as a substantial human cemetery, enabling us to explore burial practices and recover additional information on diet and life-styles.

Ilias Valiakos

Nikolaos Myrepsos' "Dynameron"
Critical Edition

Nikolaos Myrepsos’ Dynameron is critically edited after eight centuries. This one is the second edition. It is a text of the late Byzantine period, following the long tradition of similar medicinal and pharmaceutical manuals since antiquity. As a consequence, one can easily recognize earlier types of Greek words, but also several loans from the Latin, Arabic and Persian language. Dynameron was known in central Europe from an early translation into Latin, which had had a great influence on the edition of several Pharmacopeias, as well as on academic textbooks of therapeutics.

New edition of Ilias Valiakos: Das Dynameron des Nikolaos Myrepsos. Erstedition of 2019

Eugenia Equini Schneider (Ed.)

Men, Goods and Ideas Travelling over the Sea. Cilicia at the Crossroad of Eastern Mediterranean Trade Network
Panel 5.16

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 35

Thanks to its specific geographical position, at the crossroads of the most important sea and land trading routes, in a necessary point of transition and interconnection between Syria, Cyprus and Egypt, Cilicia has always played a distinctive role within the context of cultural, social and commercial exchanges in the Mediterranean area. In particular during its Romanisation, the commercial relations with the various areas of the Empire were of fundamental importance, and particularly the relations with the Eastern Mediterranean, which were substantial, and were constantly maintained until the first Byzantine age. The subject of this panel was an assessment of the present knowledge on this region, focusing on integrated studies on production exchanges, trade and transport in the Mediterranean. Underwater research, archaeological and geophysical investigation about harbour basins, the study of production facilities, analysis of material culture and numismatic evidence have led and are still leading to an exhaustive picture of the changes and transformations involving the region and the urban centres throughout centuries as a result of evolving large-scale economic and social processes. The resulting large amount of information about the role played by the region as a production centre and a market-place has created comparative samples for other research under way in Cilicia and south-eastern Turkey.