Menschen, Bilder, Sprache, Dinge
How to cite this title

Daim, Falko, Heher, Dominik and Rapp, Claudia (Eds.): Menschen, Bilder, Sprache, Dinge: Wege der Kommunikation zwischen Byzanz und dem Westen 1: Bilder und Dinge, Heidelberg: Propylaeum, 2019 (Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 9.1).

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ISBN 978-3-947450-39-8 (PDF)

Published 12.03.2019.

The print publication was published in 2014 by Verl. d. Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, Mainz, ISBN 978-3-88467-296-9.


Falko Daim, Dominik Heher and Claudia Rapp (Eds.)

Menschen, Bilder, Sprache, Dinge

Wege der Kommunikation zwischen Byzanz und dem Westen 1: Bilder und Dinge

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident

In 2018, the Roman-Germanic Central Museum Mainz presents in cooperation with the Schallaburg, the splendid Renaissance castle near Melk (Lower Austria), the exhibition »Byzantium & the West: 1000 forgotten years «.
Both Byzantium and the European West spring from the Roman Empire, but as early as Late Antiquity experience different developments. While the Roman Empire continued to exist in the East and passed seamlessly into the Byzantine Empire of the Middle Ages, pagan polities took its place in the West: the kingdoms of the Goths, Vandals, Anglo-Saxons, Lombards and Franks. Although Byzantium was respected or accepted as a major power by the other European entities for at least 800 years, territorial conflicts, disputes, and cultural differences quickly emerged. In addition, communication became increasingly difficult - in the "orthodox" East, Greek was the common language, while in the "Catholic" West, Latin was the lingua franca. Differences in liturgy and questions of belief intensified the disparities or were even (religio-) politically underlined to emphasize dissimilarity. But one still continued to admire "wealthy Constantinople" and the Byzantine treasures - among them the magnificent silks, ivory reliefs, technical marvels, plentiful relics and magnificent buildings.

The change came in 1204 with the conquest and plunder of Constantinople by the Crusaders. For the already weakened Byzantine Empire, this catastrophe meant a completely new situation as an empire in exile, whose emperor and patriarch had to flee to Asia Minor. Across much of the former European Byzantine Empire, crusader states spread; Venice and Genoa, which had previously been strongly present as trade powers under special treaties, became major determinants of the western powers in the East.

On the occasion of this exhibition, two accompanying volumes with a total of 41 contributions concerning the varied and changing relationships between the Latin West and the Byzantine Empire are being published. The volumes are structured according to the media of communication: people, images, language and things. They collect contributions from renowned scientists with archaeological, art historical, philological and historical priorities. Several overviews and detailed studies are drawn from research projects of the Leibniz- ScienceCampus Mainz: Byzantium between Orient and Occident, as well as the focus on Byzantine and medieval research of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna.

Media coverage

"The two volumes under review accompanied the exhibition Byzanz und der Westen. 1000 vergessene Jahre , that was held at the Austrian castle Schallaburg in 2018. The theme of the exhibition is closely linked to various current and large research projects, in particular Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident of the Leibniz-WissenschaftsCampus Mainz in Germany and Moving Byzantium led by Claudia Rapp at the University of Vienna in Austria. Accordingly, many of the contributors to the volumes are somehow involved in these broader projects, supplemented with scholars working on this theme. Central to the exhibition as well as the research projects is the position of Byzantium at the crossroads between East and West."

Daniëlle​ Slootjes, in Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2019.07.11

Vasiliki A. Foskolou, in Byzantina Symmeikta 31, 2021

Falko Daim
Šimon Ungerman
Frühmittelalterliche Schlaufenohrringe mit Drahtanhängern oder Kettchen
Ulrike Koenen
Auftritt im Westen – Zur Wirkung byzantinischer Kunstwerke
Barbara Schellewald
Transferprozesse zwischen Ost und West – Bildkonzepte und -modelle
Antje Bosselmann-Ruickbie
Contact between Byzantium and the West from the 9th to the 15th Century:
Reflections in Goldsmiths’ Works and Enamels
Susanne Rühling
Imponieren, Brillieren und Musizieren – Orgelklänge für Gott, Kaiser und den Sport
Arne Effenberger
Reliquienraub und Kunstdiebstahl – Folgen des vierten »Kreuzzugs«
Livia Bevilacqua
Venice in Byzantium:
Migrating Art along the Venetian Routes in the Mediterranean (11th-15th Centuries)
Jessica Schmidt
Westliche Einflüsse in der spätbyzantinischen Wandmalerei Kretas anhand eines Fallbeispiels
Martina Horn
Eva als weiblicher Prototyp von Kirchenstifterinnen
Parallele Bildkonzepte im Münster zu Thann und in der Soter-Kirche in Akoumia auf Kreta
Athanassios Mailis
From Byzantine Monasticism to Venetian Piety
The Double Church of Hagios Panteleimonas and Hagios Demetrios at Perivolia (Chania)
Charalampos G. Chotzakoglou
Religious Conflicts between Byzantium and the West Mirrored in the Iconography of Byzantine Lands under Latin Rule
Verwendete Siglen