Menschen, Bilder, Sprache, Dinge
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Daim, Falko et al. (Eds.): Menschen, Bilder, Sprache, Dinge: Wege der Kommunikation zwischen Byzanz und dem Westen 2: Menschen und Worte, Heidelberg: Propylaeum, 2019 (Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 9.2). https://doi.org/10.11588/propylaeum.517

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ISBN 978-3-947450-56-5 (PDF)

Published 22.07.2019.

The print publication was published in 2018 by Verl. d. Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, Mainz, ISBN 978-3-88467-297-6

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Daim, Falko, Gastgeber, Christian, Heher, Dominik, Rapp, Claudia (Eds.)

Menschen, Bilder, Sprache, Dinge

Wege der Kommunikation zwischen Byzanz und dem Westen 2: Menschen und Worte

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident

In 2018, the Roman-Germanic Central Museum Mainz presents in cooperation with the Schallaburg, the splendid Renaissance castle near Melk (Lower Austria), the exhibition »Byzantium & the West: 1000 forgotten years «.

Both Byzantium and the European West spring from the Roman Empire, but as early as Late Antiquity experience different developments.  While the Roman Empire continued to exist in the East and passed seamlessly into the Byzantine Empire of the Middle Ages, pagan took its place in the West: the kingdoms of the Goths, Vandals, Anglo-Saxons, Lombards and Franks. Although Byzantium was respected or accepted as a major power by the other European entities for at least 800 years, territorial conflicts, disputes, and cultural differences quickly emerged. In addition, communication became increasingly difficult - in the "orthodox" East, Greek was the common language, while in the "Catholic" West, Latin was the lingua franca. Differences in liturgy and questions of belief intensified the disparities or were even (religio-) politically underlined to emphasize dissimilarity. But one still continued to admire "wealthy Constantinople" and the Byzantine treasures - among them the magnificent silks, ivory reliefs, technical marvels, plentiful relics and magnificent buildings.

The change came in 1204 with the conquest and plunder of Constantinople by the Crusaders. For the already weakened Byzantine Empire, this catastrophe meant a completely new situation as an empire in exile, whose emperor and patriarch had to flee to Asia Minor. Across much of the former European Byzantine Empire, crusader states spread; Venice and Genoa, which had previously been strongly present as trade powers under special treaties, became major determinants of the western powers in the East.

On the occasion of this exhibition, two accompanying volumes with a total of 41 contributions concerning the varied and changing relationships between the Latin West and the Byzantine Empire are being published. The volumes are structured according to the media of communication: people, images, language and things. They collect contributions from renowned scientists with archaeological, art historical, philological and historical priorities. Several overviews and detailed studies are drawn from research projects of the Leibniz- ScienceCampus Mainz: Byzantium between Orient and Occident, as well as the focus on Byzantine and medieval research of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna.

Media coverage

"The two volumes under review accompanied the exhibition Byzanz und der Westen. 1000 vergessene Jahre , that was held at the Austrian castle Schallaburg in 2018. The theme of the exhibition is closely linked to various current and large research projects, in particular Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident of the Leibniz-WissenschaftsCampus Mainz in Germany and Moving Byzantium led by Claudia Rapp at the University of Vienna in Austria. Accordingly, many of the contributors to the volumes are somehow involved in these broader projects, supplemented with scholars working on this theme. Central to the exhibition as well as the research projects is the position of Byzantium at the crossroads between East and West."

Daniëlle​ Slootjes, in Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2019.07.11 .

Contents
PDF
Titelei
Inhaltsverzeichnis
Pohl, Walter
Transformation des Römischen Reiches in Ost und West
Seibt, Werner
War Österreich auch einmal byzantinisch?
Steinacher, Roland
Byzanz und die afrikanischen Vandalen
Descœudres, Georges
Spiritualität aus der Wüste
Die Wüstenväter als Vorbild des lateinischen Mönchtums
Borgolte, Michael, Chitwood, Zachary
Royal Monastic Foundations in the West and in Byzantium
A Contribution to Comparative Scholarship on Reform
Brandes, Wolfram
Byzantinischer Bilderstreit, das Papsttum und die Pippinsche Schenkung
Neue Forschungen zum Ost-West-Verhältnis im 8. Jahrhundert
Drocourt, Nicolas
Ambassadors as Informants and Cultural Brokers between Byzantium and the West (8th to 12th Centuries)
Erismann, Christophe
On the Significance of the Manuscript Parisinus graecus 437
The Corpus Dionysiacum, Iconoclasm, and Byzantine-Carolingian Relations
Gantner, Clemens
Kaiser Ludwig II. von Italien und Byzanz
Wanek, Nina-Maria
Missa graeca: Mythen und Fakten um griechische Gesänge in westlichen Handschriften
Koder, Johannes
Erfolglos als Diplomat, erfolgreich als Erzähler?
Liudprand von Cremona als Gesandter am byzantinischen Kaiserhof
Schreiner, Peter
Translatio Studii: Byzanz als Vermittler von Wissen in den Westen
Scheel, Roland
Jenseits der »Warägergarde«: Skandinavien zwischen Byzanz und dem Westen
Heher, Dominik
Dyrrhachion / Durrës – an Adriatic Sea Gateway between East and West
Hild, Friedrich
Niederlassungen der Italiener und Johanniter an den Küsten Kleinasiens im Spiegel der mittelalterlichen Portulane und Portulankarten
Cheynet, Jean-Claude, Wassiliou-Seibt, Alexandra-Kyriaki
Adelige aus dem »Westen« in Staatsapparat und Gesellschaft des byzantinischen Reiches
Das Vermächtnis der Siegel
Clemens, Lukas, Matheus, Michael
Troia und Tertiveri – Transformationen byzantinischer Bischofssitze in Süditalien
Peters-Custot, Annick
»Byzantine« versus »Imperial« Kingdom: How »Byzantine« was the Hauteville King of Sicily?
Burkhardt, Stefan
Ut sit unum ovile et unus pastor
Das Vierte Laterankonzil und die Vielfalt der östlichen Christenheit
Rhoby, Andreas
Austriaca Byzantina
Weitere Bemerkungen zu Byzanz und den Babenbergern im 12. und 13. Jahrhundert
Rickelt, Lutz
Im Westen Grieche, im Osten Lateiner: Theodoros Palaiologos von Monferrat
Delacroix-Besnier, Claudine
Mendicant Friars between Byzantium and Rome – Legates, Missionaries and Polemists (XIIIth-XVth Centuries)
Preiser-Kapeller, Johannes
Spielzüge am Bosporus
Unionsverhandlungen zwischen Byzanz, Armenien und Westeuropa in den 1320er und 1330er Jahren
Mitsiou, Ekaterini
»I Believe What the Great Church Believes« Latin Christians and their Confessions of Faith in 14th Century Byzantium
Kolditz, Sebastian
Gesandte, Gelehrte und Besucher: Byzantiner in Italien im späteren 14. und im 15. Jahrhundert
Salzmann, Miriam Rachel
(Re)constructing Aristocratic Religious Identities in 15th Century Cyprus
Rapp, Claudia
Zwischen Konstantinopel, Salzburg und Venedig – Heiligenblut in Kärnten
Gastgeber, Christian
Wien und das neu begründete imperium Romano-Byzantinum (1720-1738)
Der selbsternannte Großmeister des Kon stantinischen Ritterordens des Heiligen Georg Iohannes IX. Antonius I. Flavius, Angelus, Comnenus, (Ducas), Lascaris, Paleologus
Spieser, Jean-Michel
Die Rezeption von Strzygowski (und Riegl) bei den französischen Byzantinisten zwischen 1900 und 1940
Bosselmann-Ruickbie, Antje
Heavy Metal Meets Byzantium! Contact between Scandinavia and Byzantium in the Albums »The Varangian Way« (2007) and »Stand Up and Fight« (2011) by the Finnish Band Turisas
Verwendete Siglen