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Modi Operandi in Rubens’s Workshop: A Study on the Creative Process and Studio Practice
Peter Paul Rubens’s extensive œuvre comprises more than 1500 paintings, as well as preparatory material such as drawings and oil sketches. As was customary at the time, the master painter employed a multi-person workshop and his staff and pupils were significantly involved in his artistic output. This collaborative working process complicates the issue of attributing Rubens’s work by today’s standards of single-handed execution.
The publication highlights the procedures of the workshop by examining the socio-historical circumstances and written sources, while the preparatory process was assessed based on the case study of the high altarpiece of the Augustinian Church in Antwerp. The drawings and sketches associated with the creation of this painting were understood not only as evidence of creative processes but also as the results of division of labor and Rubens’s teaching practice.