Archäologische Quellen

Sebastian Hornung, Johannes Gilhaus and Bettina Glunz-Hüsken

Rituell oder profan? Ein bronzezeitlicher Fundplatz in der bayerischen Donau-Aue
Berichte über die archäologischen Untersuchungen im Gesamtprojekt der Gas-Loopleitung von Forchheim nach Finsing, Trassenabschnitt 26 bei Gaden, Gde. Pförring, Lkr. Eichstätt

Archäologische Quellen, Vol. 4

The 2017/2018 construction of a 75 km long gas loop pipeline from Forchheim in the municipality of Pförring, administrative district Eichstätt, and the municipality of Finsing, district Erding in Bavaria, brought to light a section of a Bronze Age settlement in the Danube floodplain (ca. 2000-1650 BC). The report comprehensively describes the excavation methods, features and finds, and includes a preliminary evaluation of a particular site in Pförring, district Eichstätt. The focus is on hearth-like features, pottery concentrations, calcined bone fragments, a stone "marker", and post holes belonging to an Early to Middle Bronze Age site. The results raise the decisive question of the character of the site: is it ritualistic or mundane? Finally, the large scale of archaeometric sampling (geological, botanical, 14C-dating) conducted, has great potential for future scientific research.

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Erwin Cziesla

Archäologie auf der Ortsumfahrung Passow (Lkr. Uckermark, Bundesland Brandenburg)

Archäologische Quellen, Vol. 3

In order to quicken the travel times between Schwedt/Oder and Prenzlau (northeastern Germany), as well as relieving the congestion in the little community of Passow, a ring road was planned. Since the project is situated in an extremely favorable topographical settlement area, all ground operations were placed under cultural heritage orders. Between November 2003 and December 2005, an approximately 5.2 km long route was prospected, and according to these results, an area of 70.000 sqm with 1350 archaeological features in six spatially separated areas (named Passow 6, 20, 26, 25, 27 and Wendemark 10) on both sides of the river Welse were documented.

The oldest finds are Late Mesolithic scattered finds embedded in Bronze Age features. Followed by Neolithic ceramic concentrations and some single burials and pot-depositions. But most of the features of the area Passow 27 & 6 are datable to the horizon from Late Bronze Age into the Early Iron Age, in which two spatial separate areas are clearly separated from each other. On the one hand, there are pit features which contained copious ceramic sherds and special finds, such as remains of mud-turtles, an isolated human skull without mandible or the complete skeleton of a young female, whose shinbone was discovered in a neighboring pit. On the other hand, there is a type of feature consisting of linear and parallel ordered rows of pits filled with stones. The examination of four exemplary examined “Steinplatzgruben” proved that the stones were not shattered in these pits but were only placed into the pits once they had been used elsewhere. These features, together with the Neolithic ceramic depots, graves (also from several surrounding sites) can be used to reconstruct a ritualistic landscape which existed since 4000 B.C. and probably was important into the Roman Iron Age period, as shown by features, finds and a dated well. Additional features from the Roman Iron Age period come from Wendemark 10 on the left side of the river Welse as from the very extensive site Passow 25, southeast of Passow. The early Slavic features that occupy a completely different area on the site Passow 27 did no longer belong to the reconstructed ritualistic landscape but reveal details of a rural settlement.

Mirko Geisendorf

Der eisenzeitliche Siedlungsplatz von Schwerte-Wandhofen (Kreis Unna)

Archäologische Quellen, Vol. 2

In Spring 2017, the archaeological excavation company ARCHBAU excavated an Iron Age settlement (800 – 50 BC) in Schwerte-Wandhofen (District Unna, North Rhine-Westphalia), which is relevant to the settlement history of the eastern Ruhr area. The excavation, which was financed by an investor, revealed some unusual archaeological results for Westphalia, like a granary with 18 massive posts or a large earth oven. The excavator Mirko Geisendorf interprets this results in total, that possibly a large group of people could come together at this spot to celebrate miscellaneous festivities. This publication releases the results of the excavation in a fast and short way. This book is available both printed and in Open Access.

Melanie Eigen

Die eisenzeitliche und römische Siedlung von Tönisvorst‐Vorst (Kreis Viersen)

Archäologische Quellen, Vol. 1