Alena Alshanskaya , Andreas Gietzen , Christina Hadjiafxenti (Eds.)

Imagining Byzantium
Perceptions, Patterns, Problems

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 11

Byzantium the other. Byzantium the pompous. Byzantium the eternal. The mere existence of this empire with his rich history and otherness from western European traditions spurred the minds of scholars, noblemen, politicians and ordinary people throughout its survival and long beyond its final downfall in 1453. Neglecting its great political and cultural influence on neighbouring countries and beyond, Enlightenment writers stripped Byzantium of its original historical reality and thus created a model, which could be utilised in very different constructs, stretching from positive to absolutely negative connotations. With the rise of new nationalisms, primarily in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, and the associated politically inspired historical (re)constructions in the 19th and 20th century, the reception of Byzantium gained new facets, its perception reached into new dimensions. In this volume, we would like to shed some light on these patterns and the problems they entail, and show the different ways in which »Byzantium« was used as an argument in nation-building and in constructing new historiographical narratives, and how its legacy endured in ecclesiastical historiography.

Zachary Chitwood , Johannes Pahlitzsch (Eds.)

Ambassadors, Artists, Theologians
Byzantine Relations with the Near East from the Ninth to the Thirteenth Centuries

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 12

The contributors in the edited volume »Ambassadors, Artists, Theologians: Byzantine Relations with the Near East from the Ninth to the Thirteenth Centuries« examine the complex dynamics which arose between the Byzantine Empire and the Near East. Moving beyond the tradition of histoire événementielle, the contributions collected here highlight the passing of artistic practices, ideas and interlocutors between Byzantium and the Islamicate world. In this way, this volume seeks to nuance and contextualize our understanding of the relationship between these two medieval cultural spheres.

Gerlinde Bigga

Die Pflanzen von Schöningen

Forschungen zur Urgeschichte aus dem Tagebau Schöningen, Vol. 3

Die Speere von Schöningen belegen als die ältesten Jagdwaffen der Menschheit die Nutzung der Ressource Holz durch die Menschen vor etwa 300 000 Jahren. Es besteht eine hohe Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass eine breite Artenvielfalt von Pflanzen für die Schöninger Jäger großes Nutzungspotential hatte von der Nutzung kohlenhydratreicher Wurzeln im Winter bis zur Medizinalpflanze. Gerlinde Bigga hat in ihrer hier vorgelegten Dissertation die Pflanzenfunde der Ausgrabungen von Schöningen auf ihr Nutzungspotential für den Menschen hin untersucht und zeigt die vielfältigen Ressourcen auf, die den Urmenschen zur Verfügung standen. Auch wenn für diese Forschungen archäologische Nachweise schwer zu erbringen sind, kann sie mit dem Rückgriff auf ethnologische Untersuchungen und Berechnung des Energieverbrauchs die Nutzung von Pflanzenressourcen aufzeigen. Ihre Arbeit ist ein wichtiger Baustein, um das komplexe Verhältnis zwischen Mensch und Natur zur Zeit der Schöninger Speere besser zu verstehen und die damaligen Menschen nicht nur als Jäger kennenzulernen.

Thomas Terberger , Stefan Winghart (Eds.)

Die Geologie der paläolithischen Fundstellen von Schöningen

Forschungen zur Urgeschichte aus dem Tagebau Schöningen, Vol. 2

For over 30 years, the Schöningen open-cast mine provided excellent insights into the geology of the Ice Age in Lower Saxony. Especially the deposits of the last 400000 years (Middle and Late Pleistocene) were repeatedly exposed by profiles in open pit mining.

It is the merit of Dietrich Mania to have systematically documented these unique archives with the support of Hartmut Thieme. The second volume of the Schöningen series presents this fundamental work in a comprehensive manner. At the same time, Jörg Lang, Jutta Winsemann and others provide an overview of the results of their geoscientific studies conducted since 2009. The contributions offer a comprehensive picture of the Schöningen stratigraphy and the formation of the lake, on whose banks horse hunters dissected their prey. Finally, Gottfried Böhme's study of the excellently preserved fish and amphibian remains from the siltation sequences 1-4 is an essential element in characterizing the climatic conditions of the period 300,000 years ago.

Sebastian Hornung , Johannes Gilhaus and Bettina Glunz-Hüsken

Rituell oder profan? Ein bronzezeitlicher Fundplatz in der bayerischen Donau-Aue
Berichte über die archäologischen Untersuchungen im Gesamtprojekt der Gas-Loopleitung von Forchheim nach Finsing, Trassenabschnitt 26 bei Gaden, Gde. Pförring, Lkr. Eichstätt

Archäologische Quellen, Vol. 4

The 2017/2018 construction of a 75 km long gas loop pipeline from Forchheim in the municipality of Pförring, administrative district Eichstätt, and the municipality of Finsing, district Erding in Bavaria, brought to light a section of a Bronze Age settlement in the Danube floodplain (ca. 2000-1650 BC). The report comprehensively describes the excavation methods, features and finds, and includes a preliminary evaluation of a particular site in Pförring, district Eichstätt. The focus is on hearth-like features, pottery concentrations, calcined bone fragments, a stone "marker", and post holes belonging to an Early to Middle Bronze Age site. The results raise the decisive question of the character of the site: is it ritualistic or mundane? Finally, the large scale of archaeometric sampling (geological, botanical, 14C-dating) conducted, has great potential for future scientific research.

Additional infomations you find here: https://doi.org/10.11588/data/JZFWWW

Fedor Schlimbach

Neue Forschungen in al-Andarīn: Das Ensemble der ‚Hauptkirche‘ von Androna
Mit einem Beitrag von Nadine Viermann zu den Inschriften-Neufunden der Kampagne 2010

Der Band widmet sich der ‚Hauptkirche‘ von al-Andarin – der Wüstung des spätantiken Androna in Syrien –, deren Untersuchung 2010 mit einem Forschungsprojekt der Universität Heidelberg begonnen wurde. Zwar kam es wegen des 2011 in Syrien ausgebrochenen Krieges zu nur einer Grabungskampagne, aber dennoch konnten erste Ergebnisse erzielt werden. Auf dieser Grundlage erfolgt eine typologische Einordnung der ‚Hauptkirche‘ in den frühbyzantinischen Kirchenbau Syriens sowie die Betrachtung des Ensembles in seinem urbanistischen Kontext. In einem Beitrag von N. Viermann werden schließlich einige 2010 neu aufgefundene Inschriften publiziert und der Forschungsstand zur griechischen Epigraphik al-Andarins resümiert.

Christel Bücker

Frühe Alamannen im Breisgau
Untersuchungen zu den Anfängen der germanischen Besiedlung im Breisgau während des 4. und 5. Jahrhunderts nach Christus

Archäologie und Geschichte – Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland, Vol. 9

Due to numerous excavations and new discoveries in recent years, the starting position for the exploration of the Breisgau region on the southern Upper Rhine in early Halamannic times has improved considerably. In late antiquity, the Breisgau was a border area between Romans and Germanic tribes. Roman castles on the Rhine on the one hand and Early Halamanian settlements on the plain and on the Black Forest rims on the other hand were partly in close proximity. Especially the extensively excavated settlement of Mengen on the Tuniberg and the hilltop settlement on the Zähringer Burgberg brought numerous new aspects to the archaeology and history of the early Alamanni.
The extensive analysis of the hand-formed Germanic pottery was a prerequisite for the assessment of the Early Alemannian settlement in the Breisgau region, since the pottery of the Early Alamanni shows formal similarities with the pottery of some prehistoric settlement phases, and there were often confusions. With this investigation it has been possible to highlight technological differences between the hand-formed pottery of early Alamanni and prehistoric times, which allow a clear attribution.

Sebastian Brather , Hans Ulrich Nuber , Heiko Steuer , Thomas Zotz (Eds.)

Antike im Mittelalter. Fortleben, Nachwirken, Wahrnehmung
25 Jahre Forschungsverbund »Archäologie und Geschichte des ersten Jahrtausends in Südwestdeutschland«

Archäologie und Geschichte – Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland, Vol. 21

A new, preferably unbiased view of spatial structures proves to be a decisive prerequisite for freeing research from rigid assumptions and models. This makes it possible to replace previous and necessarily highly simplified ladder counts with complex reconstructions. Beyond large lines, spatial relationships and structures prove to be flexible and changeable. The contributions collected in this volume underline how different approaches and perspectives can be, even if they deal with the seemingly self-evident "space". In this opening beyond deterministic concepts and conceptions of space, which geography has long since completed, there are new opportunities for archaeological and historical studies.

Enrico Giorgi , Giuseppe Lepore , Anna Gamberini (Eds.)

Boundaries Archaeology: Economy, Sacred Places, Cultural Influences in the Ionian and Adriatic Areas
Panel 7.3

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 39

The territories of the Adriatic and the Ionian area were separated from each other both from a political and a cultural point of view. Because of this circumstance, they represent a suitable area for the study of commercial and cultural exchange. This meeting of cultures generated mutual influences and cultural osmosis in various ways and at different times, and was linked to different historical and geographical contexts, which nevertheless sometimes generated similar results. Recent archaeological research allows us to assume that sanctuaries and sacred places are suitable contexts in which these phenomena can be analysed, as they were places in which large amounts of people gathered and centres of cultural mediation that were involved in economic and political interests.

The contributions collected in this book consider these issues from different points of view and include studies on historiography, material culture and numismatics. The case studies of the northern Adriatic area are located on the western shore, and in particular in the area of the ager Gallicus and of Picenum, with a particular focus on the period that precedes and witnesses the structuring of the Roman domination of this territory (3rd / 2nd century BC). The case studies in the southern Adriatic and Ionian area focus on Apulia and the area of Illyria and Epirus between the Archaic era and the beginning of the Roman age (4thto 1st century BC).

Verena Gassner (Ed.)

Regional exchange of ceramics – case studies and methodology
Panel 5.7

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 30

Pottery vessels and other ceramic objects constitute important sources for issues of trade and exchange in Antique societies as they are available in great quantities and as their provenance often can be determined by archaeological or archaeometric methods. Most studies on the exchange of ceramics however concentrate on aspects of long-distance trade, as differences between wares and/ or types produced in different, far distant regions can be recognized more easily. This fact, together with the psychological fact of the greater attractiveness of these items, might have lead to an exaggerated perception of the amount of goods traded via the oversea trade in the archaeological record. In contrast to this, aspects of regional exchange between neighbouring cities have not been given the same attention in the field of Mediterranean archaeology, although they might give important insights into the problems of regional connectivity and they also had greater importance during Antiquity than normally assumed. One of the reasons of this deficit can certainly be found in the difficulty of clearly and unambiguously distinguishing ceramics produced within one r egion f rom e ach other, a s t hey o ften s hare the s ame repertory of shapes or decoration styles.
This panel comprises case studies from different areas and different periods of the Mediterranean, all of which clearly demonstrate the difficulties in reconstructing networks of regional exchange, but also show their importance for the economy of ancient towns.

Gert Goldenberg , Jürgen Otto , Heiko Steuer (Eds.)

Archäometallurgische Untersuchungen zum Metallhüttenwesen im Schwarzwald

Archäologie und Geschichte – Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland, Vol. 8

The subject of this volume is metal smelting in the Black Forest. A first contribution deals with technological developments in the prevention of lead, silver and copper ores in the period from the 11th to the 19th century. It provides the basics of metallurgy and describes, analyses and interprets the legacy of former smelting works from an archaeological and materials science perspective. A second article deals with the historical extraction and use of antimony ores. The work is published as Volume 8 in the series "Archäologie und Geschichte Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland"

Isidor Brodersen

Lukians „Wie man Geschichte schreiben soll“
… und andere Geschichten über Redlichkeit

Mainzer Althistorische Studien (MAS), Vol. 8

Lucian of Samosata (2nd century AD) is best known for his humorous and satirical works. However, he also produced the only surviving treatise from antiquity dealing extensively and explicitly with historiography and its rules. Accordingly, this work is regarded as an important source for the study of ancient historiography.

However, especially with Lucian as the author, it is far from certain that the primary aim of the treatise is, in fact, to educate its readers in the art of historiography. This study aims at tackling this question by reading “How to write history” not within the historiographical discourse, but rather as part of Lucian’s literary game. As an author of the Second Sophistic, Lucian succeeds in amusing his audience under the guise of historiographical teaching.

In connection with two other works by Lucian, a picture emerges of an author who is not only proficient in the classical canon. Rather, by staging the classics and parading his contemporaries, he is able to combine his criticisms with humour. Historiography in “How to write history”, elegant narration in the “True histories”, and as the gullibility of his contemporaries in “Alexander” all serve Lucian’s aim of distancing himself and his readers from would-be educated people and impostors. Thus, the literary game can be seen as a tool for self-confidence and distinction within the Second Sophistic.

Sebastian Brather , Jürgen Dendorfer (Eds.)

Grenzen, Räume und Identitäten
Der Oberrhein und seine Nachbarregionen von der Antike bis zum Hochmittelalter

Archäologie und Geschichte – Freiburger Forschungen zum ersten Jahrtausend in Südwestdeutschland, Vol. 22

A new, preferably unbiased view of spatial structures proves to be a decisive prerequisite for freeing research from rigid assumptions and models. This makes it possible to replace previous and necessarily highly simplified dominant narrative with complex reconstructions. Beyond large lines, spatial relationships and structures prove to be flexible and changeable. The contributions collected in this volume underline how different approaches and perspectives can be, even when they deal with the seemingly self-evident "space". In this opening beyond deterministic concepts and conceptions of space, which geography has long since completed, there are new opportunities for archaeological and historical studies.

Florian Battistella

Pelagius I. und der Primat Roms
Ein Beitrag zum Drei-Kapitel-Streit und zur Papstgeschichte des 6. Jahrhunderts

Mainzer Althistorische Studien (MAS), Vol. 7

Der (ost-)römische Kaiser Justinian I. (527–565) ist für seine Wiedereroberung Italiens und seine Rechtskodifikationen bekannt. Wie viele seiner Vorgänger war auch er um die religiöse Einheit der Christenheit bemüht. In diesem Zusammenhang verurteilte er die sogenannten Drei Kapitel, was allerdings zu langanhaltenden theologischen Auseinandersetzungen führte.

Die kaiserliche Maßnahme wurde vom Zweiten Konzil von Konstantinopel (553) bestätigt und vom römischen Bischof Vigilius (537–555) übernommen. Vigilius hätte die kaiserliche Position im Westen vertreten, doch er verstarb auf der Rückreise von Konstantinopel. Somit war die Kontroverse im Westen nicht beendet. Viele Christen lehnten die Verurteilung der sogenannten Drei Kapitel weiterhin ab. Pelagius I. (556–561), Vigilius‘ Nachfolger als Bischof von Rom, war ursprünglich ein Gegner der Verurteilung, vertrat aber nun den justinianischen Standpunkt.

Die Studie sucht nach Gründen für Pelagius‘ überraschend wirkende Nachfolge und fragt danach, wie er seine Position legitimieren und sichern konnte angesichts der theologischen Differenzen, die gerade auf der italienischen Halbinsel besonders ausgeprägt scheinen.

Durch eine eingehende Analyse zahlreicher Briefe Pelagius’ I. zeigt Florian Battistella die Vielschichtigkeit der Kontroverse auf. Er macht deutlich, dass der Drei-Kapitel-Streit mehr ist als eine bloße theologische Auseinandersetzung zwischen griechischem Osten und lateinischem Westen. Pelagius I. und der Primat Roms ist somit ein Aufruf, die theologischen Entwicklungen des sechsten nachchristlichen Jahrhunderts aus einer anderen Perspektive zu betrachten.

Dietrich Klaus Hartmann

Die ehemalige katholische Pfarrkirche St. Georg in Burladingen

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 33

Even though the former parish church of St. Georg at Burladingen, Germany, nowadays appears as an example of late baroque architecture, archaeological excavations in 1982 showed a number of previous buildings, of which the oldest one dates back to the 8th century.  For the first time, the important results of this excavation, showing the typical evolution of a rural parish church in south-western Germany, will be presented within this volume. The initial phase is characterised by a small early medieval church, erected on a preexisting churchyard. Several times rebuilt during the following centuries, the current building is the result of a major reconstruction in 1770. Unusual in the context of church excavations, a rather large number of finds – especially ceramics – was recorded. This major addition to the fairly small corpus of relics in the area is used to extend the knowledge of the material culture in the region. This publication is part of a multi-volume project by the author, of which the first section, an overview of rural churches in the south-eastern area of Baden-Württemberg, was published in 2019.

Antje Bosselmann-Ruickbie (Ed.)

New Research on Late Byzantine Goldsmiths’ Works (13th-15th Centuries)
Neue Forschungen zur spätbyzantinischen Goldschmiedekunst (13.-15. Jahrhundert)

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 13

This volume comprises 13 papers from the conference »New Research on Late Byzantine Goldsmiths‘ Works (13th-15th Centuries)«, held at the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum in Mainz in October 2015. The contributions primarily deal with the material culture of goldsmiths’ works, such as crosses, reliquary caskets, jewellery, enamel works, and precious stones, spanning the wide geographical area of Byzantium and many of its neighbours, from Russia via Trebizond and Serbia to Crete. Furthermore, written sources on Byzantine goldsmiths, their craft and the provenance of precious metals provide evidence for goldsmithing in Byzantium throughout its history.

Alejandro García-Moreno et al. (Eds.)

Human behavioural adaptations to interglacial lakeshore environments

RGZM – Tagungen, Vol. 37

During the course of human evolution, we have successfully adapted to various climates and habitats. Interglacial environments, in particular, offer an excellent opportunity to study these adaptations. On the north European plain, interglacials often correlate with the flooding of basins, resulting in the appearance of lacustrine landscapes. These environments exhibit remarkable ecological diversity with highly concentrated and predictable resources. Numerous  archaeological sites from the Palaeolithic to the Mesolithic are preserved in these lacustrine landscapes, providing rich sources of potential data. Many of these archaeological sites are well-known as locations for the procurement and butchering of animals, lithic provisioning, gathering vegetal and collecting aquatic resources by humans. These sites are embedded in wetland deposits with favourable conditions for the preservation of organic and botanical remains and are thus exceptional archives for detailed analyses of human adaptations to changing, dynamic environments. In a diachronous perspective from the Middle Pleistocene to the Holocene, the current anthology collates studies on differing aspects of interglacial archaeological lakeland sites, illustrating human survival strategies under similar environmental conditions through the ages. This volume contributes to a core research theme “Human behavioural strategies in interglacial environments” of the MONREPOS Archaeological Research Centre and Museum for Human Behavioural Evolution (RGZM) (Neuwied, Germany). The aim of the research is to undertake a holistic and diachronic analysis of survival strategies under similar environmental parameters, in order to document the evolution of hominin subsistence behaviour and to gauge whether certain subsistence adaptations arose in direct response to distinct environmental conditions.

Ludger Körntgen , Jan Kusber , Johannes Pahlitzsch , Filippo Carlà-Uhink (Eds.)

Byzanz und seine europäischen Nachbarn
Politische Interdependenzen und kulturelle Missverständnisse

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 17

On the one hand cultural misunderstandings represent a prerequisite for intercultural communications, on the other hand they can also be understood as a method or result of interculturalism and transcultural relationships. In this process there are unthinking as well as provoked and politically manipulated misunderstandings, or rather alleged misunderstandings, which disguise real political or church political conflicts of interest. In addition, there are misunderstandings in research which sometimes states a misunderstanding too quickly, where logic and context are not immediately evident. Such misunderstandings dictated the political-cultural pattern of relationships among the Byzantine Empire, the Latinised West and Slavic world, who all regarded themselves as parts of ecumenical Christianity and who stood in close political and cultural contact over many centuries. In the present book proponents of history, Byzantine studies, art history and theology apply themselves to the analysis of this phenomenon.

Nadja S. Braun

Bilder erzählen
Visuelle Narrativität im alten Ägypten

Ägyptologische Studien Leipzig, Vol. 2

Visual narrative is a phenomenon that has become increasingly the focus of interdisciplinary research in recent decades. The work is devoted to pictorial narration in ancient Egypt and transfers established narrative theories to ancient Egyptian images with the aim of introducing a system for dealing with Egyptian image-narratives. The collection of sources is divided into two groups; on the one hand, representations from the official context such as images on temples and royal and non-royal tombs are examined, and on the other hand narrative images from everyday culture, which are mainly handed down to ostraca, are subject of examination. In a separate chapter, historical narrative pictures and their influence on the culture of remembrance are also addressed.

Eva Maria Mateo Decabo

Politik der kleinen Form
Paraklausithyron und Recusatio bei Properz, Tibull, Horaz und Ovid

Im Mittelpunkt der Dissertation Politik der kleinen Form steht die Frage nach der Politizität ‚kleinerʻ Formen in augusteischer Zeit: also der sogenannten Liebeselegie des Properz, Tibull und Ovid sowie der erotischen Dichtung des Horaz. Auf der Grundlage einer Analyse der Gattungs- und Formpolitik ihrer Paraklausithyra und Recusationes wird eine neue Interpretation aufgezeigt. Jenseits von inhaltszentrierten Lesarten, die immer nur den Subversions- oder Affirmationscharakter von Literatur herausarbeiten, schlägt diese Dissertation einen dritten Weg vor: den der Ambivalenz und des Paradoxons.