Aydin Abar et al. (Eds.)

Pearls, Politics and Pistachios
Essays in Anthropology and Memories on the Occasion of Susan Pollock’s 65th Birthday

This book is a heartfelt “Thank You!” present to Susan Pollock on her 65th birthday. In each of the 46 contributions the 63 authors celebrate Susan Pollock as a multi-facetted and brilliant scholar and colleague, as a devoted and outstanding teacher and as an empathetic mentor. The range of topics covered in the articles spans from the first occurrence of Homo sapiens on the Iranian Highland, to the research of the underrepresentation of female scholars in a male dominated Publikationslandschaft, as well as the role of politics in archaeological practice. Together the authors present the diversity of archaeological practice neither limited by time and space, nor by methodical conventions.

Leonie Huf

Frauen jenseits der Konvention
Alterszüge, Tätowierungen und afrikanische Physiognomien im Frauenbild attischer Vasen des 5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr.

Women appearances characterized by the reversal of established role models have always evoked a particular fascination. The conventional and the deviation from it become visible in the intentional shift away from the standardized representation scheme of ancient women on Attic vases. Characterizations directly connected to the body - in contrast to clothing or furnishings - are given special emphasis in the picture: age features, tattoos, and African facial features.
Unconventional women appear as pictorial means of differentiation in a wide variety of thematic areas: thus, an old tattooed nurse can be a component of emotion directing in funeral scenes, a supposedly old African sacrificial servant can make recognizable a parody of festival depictions, or a Thracian slave woman playing with her exotic charms can suddenly become the center of attention. Therefore, the women are intentionally removed from clear categorizability; the focus is on their effective and sometimes ambivalent fit into the pictorial structure.

 

Museen der Stadt Wien - Stadtarchäologie (Ed.)

Monumental Computations
Digital archaeology of large urban and underground infrastructures

Proceedings of the International Conference on Cultural Heritage and New Technologies, Vienna, Vol. 24

The international conference "Cultural Heritage and New Technologies" took place in 2019 on the theme "Monumental Computations - Digital archaeology of large urban and underground infrastructures" at the Vienna City Hall.
The conference papers address the challenges of large urban development projects for the responsible organizers, whose goal is to preserve the cultural heritage of the cities concerned as much as possible. In this context, computer-based approaches are indispensable in all steps of a large urban development project.

 

Armin Volkmann

Digitale Archäologie und Perspektiven des Digital Cultural Heritage
Besiedlungsmuster frühgeschichtlicher Kulturen des ersten Jahrtausends AD in Zentraleuropa. Vergleichende Studien zur Neustrukturierung und Transformation peripherer Regionen der Germania superior und des Barbaricums zum Ende des Römischen Reichs

The study bridges the still existing gap between the archaeological sciences and applied computer science in order to examine the comprehensive restructuring processes systematically within and outside the Roman Limes during the Migration Period of the 4.−8. cent. AD based on exemplary questions and focused to the end of the Roman Empire. The study applied selected methods of the archaeoinformatics or computational archaeology to help clarify the cultural-historical issues involved. Specialist data from cooperating institutions provided the basis for this study. The backbone for the study is the project's Archaeological Information System (AIS) with a large corpus of specific data supplemented with relevant retro-digitised catalogues and via web interfaces integrated databases. In order to ensure the representativeness of the theses obtained the project use comparative data from several Central European micro-regions. Within this, the aim was on settlement processes of the Migration Period between the Roman Empire and the Early Middle Ages with a short view to the previous La Tène period. Complex settlement patterns and concepts have been analysed using comprehensible statistical methods, which invite for reproduction in the context of further studies.

Stefan Thörle (Ed.)

Fundberichte Hessen Digital 2019/2020
Bd. 1

In 2019 / 20 hessenarchäologie, the archaeological department of the State Office for the Preservation of Monuments in Hesse, launched its new journal Fundberichte Hessen Digital. It offers a scientific platform for current archaeological and palaeontological research on Hessian sites. All articles are previously released online.

Volume 1 presents four articles: - results of excavations at the Riesenstein near Heimarshausen, - the analysis of settlement structures at the early Neolithic site of Klein-Rohrheim, - research on a cemetery of the late Roman to early Migration period at Lampertheim, - a La Tène period settlement between Heidetränke and Heidengraben near Oberursel.

Michael Koch (Ed.)

Archäologie in der Großregion
Beiträge des internationalen Symposiums zur Archäologie in der Großregion in der Europäischen Akademie Otzenhausen vom 12. - 15. April 2018

Archäologentage Otzenhausen – Archäologie in der Großregion, Vol. 5

This volume refers to the conference in 2018, where, for current reasons, the topic of "migration" took center stage. For archaeology certainly also has a political dimension, as already suggested by the winged phrase "future needs origin". The phenomena of migration, flight and displacement, as well as the passing on of craft techniques and cultural phenomena through migratory movements are as old as mankind itself. Especially for the greater region with the states of Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Luxembourg, Lorraine, Alsace and Wallonia, this is an important topic.
this is a significant topic.

 

Joachim Weidig

Bazzano – ein Gräberfeld bei L’Aquila (Abruzzen)
Die Bestattungen des 8.-5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr.

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 112,3

Bazzano near L'Aquila is one of the largest pre-Roman burial sites in Apennine Central Italy and even surpasses the necropolises of Fossa and Campovalano in the number of graves.
More than 500 burials of the Orientalising and Archaic period (8th-5th century BC) from the excavations of the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici dell'Abruzzo from 1992-2004 are presented and analysed in this publication for the first time.
Above all, Etruscan pottery imports and their local adaptations enable a finer dating of the graves with their seemingly older traditional Italic decorative elements and weapons within an absolute chronology. In this way, the occupation sequence of the necropolis in four main phases, established on the basis of seriations and grave overlaps, can be better compared with the existing chronology systems.
In addition to questions on burial customs and social structures, the main part of the work is devoted to the classification and chronology of typical Middle Italian objects that are widespread far beyond Bazzano. With the complementary anthropological contributions, the picture of a mobile Iron Age population is sketched, which differed in its lifestyle from the individuals buried in the neighbouring necropolis of Fossa. Possibly this is due to a pronounced pastoral economy, transhumance or a very active warrior class, whose status is also emphasised by the high number of graves containing weapons.

Joachim Weidig

Bazzano – ein Gräberfeld bei L’Aquila (Abruzzen)
Die Bestattungen des 8.-5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr.

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 112,2

Bazzano near L'Aquila is one of the largest pre-Roman burial sites in Apennine Central Italy and even surpasses the necropolises of Fossa and Campovalano in the number of graves.
More than 500 burials of the Orientalising and Archaic period (8th-5th century BC) from the excavations of the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici dell'Abruzzo from 1992-2004 are presented and analysed in this publication for the first time.
Above all, Etruscan pottery imports and their local adaptations enable a finer dating of the graves with their seemingly older traditional Italic decorative elements and weapons within an absolute chronology. In this way, the occupation sequence of the necropolis in four main phases, established on the basis of seriations and grave overlaps, can be better compared with the existing chronology systems.
In addition to questions on burial customs and social structures, the main part of the work is devoted to the classification and chronology of typical Middle Italian objects that are widespread far beyond Bazzano. With the complementary anthropological contributions, the picture of a mobile Iron Age population is sketched, which differed in its lifestyle from the individuals buried in the neighbouring necropolis of Fossa. Possibly this is due to a pronounced pastoral economy, transhumance or a very active warrior class, whose status is also emphasised by the high number of graves containing weapons.

Joachim Weidig

Bazzano – ein Gräberfeld bei L’Aquila (Abruzzen)
Die Bestattungen des 8.-5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr.

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 112,1

Bazzano near L'Aquila is one of the largest pre-Roman burial sites in Apennine Central Italy and even surpasses the necropolises of Fossa and Campovalano in the number of graves.
More than 500 burials of the Orientalising and Archaic period (8th-5th century BC) from the excavations of the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici dell'Abruzzo from 1992-2004 are presented and analysed in this publication for the first time.
Above all, Etruscan pottery imports and their local adaptations enable a finer dating of the graves with their seemingly older traditional Italic decorative elements and weapons within an absolute chronology. In this way, the occupation sequence of the necropolis in four main phases, established on the basis of seriations and grave overlaps, can be better compared with the existing chronology systems.
In addition to questions on burial customs and social structures, the main part of the work is devoted to the classification and chronology of typical Middle Italian objects that are widespread far beyond Bazzano. With the complementary anthropological contributions, the picture of a mobile Iron Age population is sketched, which differed in its lifestyle from the individuals buried in the neighbouring necropolis of Fossa. Possibly this is due to a pronounced pastoral economy, transhumance or a very active warrior class, whose status is also emphasised by the high number of graves containing weapons.

Andrea Kilian, Monika Zöller-Engelhardt (Eds.)

Excavating the Extra-Ordinary
Challenges & Merits of Working with Small Finds: Proceedings of the International Egyptological Workshop at Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, 8–9 April 2019

The topic of the international workshop “Excavating the Extra-Ordinary. Challenges and merits of workings with small finds” was the challenging task of working with seemingly ‘ordinary’ small objects and their processing. On this occasion in April 2019 at Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, experts from Egyptological excavations, museums and institutions presented and discussed current issues. The present volume offers contributions held at the workshop, including the handling of vast amounts of material, fragmentary finds and methodological questions. The diversity of the discussed materials covers pottery, wooden and bone artifacts, as well as metal objects. Another focus lies on the scientific evaluation of insufficient early documentations and disturbed find contexts.

Holger Schaaff

Antike Tuffbergwerke am Laacher See-Vulkan

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 107

With the tuff mines around the Laacher See volcano, we grasp the roots of the building stone industry in Central Europe. It was the master builders who came from the Mediterranean region as part of the Augustan expansion and urbanisation policy who brought the knowledge of stone architecture to our region. Quarried in extensive tunnel systems, the valuable stone was used from the beginning for the construction of representative large-scale buildings. Eloquent evidence of this is the so-called Ubier Monument in Cologne, the oldest stone building in Roman Germany. As an early export hit, tuff was the first "lightweight building stone" and a sought-after building material on ancient and medieval large-scale construction sites. Based on this 2000-year tradition, the tuff industry is still an important economic factor in the region today.

In the book, the 59 known ancient mines are described in detail, as are the techniques used to extract and process stone. The unusually good sources also allow a well-founded assessment of the yield of the deposits. Research on the numerous quarry and consecration inscriptions sheds new light on the sanctuaries in tuff mining and provides insight into the religious imagination of the people working there. A detailed study by Lutz Grunwald on the pottery from the mines led to a completely new assessment of the medieval mining activities.

Arne Reinhardt (Ed.)

Strictly Economic? Ancient Serial Production and its Premises
Panel 3.18

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 20

The complex subject of production and consumption in antiquity has been attracting growing interest in Classical Archaeology for some time. Research with an economic perspective, such as the investigation of the dynamics of the production of objects or ornaments in Antiquity, has opened up new insights into Greco-Roman culture. Against this background, the present volume focuses on a particular method of production: serial production. On the basis of close-up observations of the finds, the authors of the volume illuminate the broad spectrum of ancient serial production in Greece and Rome in exemplary fashion; the examples deal with a range from (late) Classical ceramics with painted decoration to mechanically reproduced coins and relief tableware to luxurious marble urns. The aim is first describing individual series and defining them and subsequently using this information to interpret the respective conditions that led to the series. This process demonstrates that  the phenomenon of serial production (and seriality more generally) consistently transcends  economic aspects and seamlessly leads over into other areas of ancient cultural history and its research.

Maria Elisa Micheli, Anna Santucci (Eds.)

Luce in contesto. Rappresentazioni, produzioni e usi della luce nello spazio antico / Light in Context. Representation, Production and Use of Light in Ancient Spaces
Panel 3.17

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 19

Ancient authors and archaeological sources provide evicence for the central role of the light in the ancient life and thought. The analysis of this argument through an ideal dialogue with the contemporary lighting culture contributes to point out new and different research areas. If the lighting devices (clay, glass, metal and marble made lamps, candlesticks, chandeliers etc.) testify dynamics of production, distribution and use system, according to different historical and social contexts, on other hand, the study of an olive regional production district and its relation with the fuel supply reflects on socio-economic issues and related changes. Actually facing with the ancient light perception are the esperiments on different oils as an attempt to measure artificial light intensity and duration together with a 3D modelling study on a tomb and its niches for lamps. Light affects, 'create' and 're-create' everything as suggestively evidenced by ancient paintings as well as by contemporary architecture and lighting technologies.

Adalberto Ottati, Maria Serena Vinci (Eds.)

From the Quarry to the Monument. The Process behind the Process: Design and Organization of the Work in Ancient Architecture
Panel 4.3

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 26

In the complex economic and constructive system of the erection of a building, the planning and organizational aspects of the work represent the first fundamental steps towards reaching a satisfactory final product. Skilled workers are a crucial element of this process, as they have the technical knowledge of the quarrying and building processes that guarantee a successful outcome at the building site (cantiere di costruzione).

This volume aims to explore ancient construction, working procedures and the transmission of technical expertise by skilled workers. Covering different chronological ranges and geographical areas, it focuses on two main subjects: quarry marks or notae lapicidinarum and carving lines for planning architecture and artefacts. They are two aspects of the three-dimensional materialization of the plan and the organizational processes within the building activities. Quarry and mason’s marks are a kind of building material ‘tracking code’ from the extraction point to its final placement. The carving lines represent guidelines useful for the building’s planning and the positioning of stone and marble elements. This volume is a first attempt at contributing with original and innovative thought on the networking of workshops, linking quarrying and building activities in ancient world.

 

Angelika Hunold

Die Befestigung auf dem Katzenberg bei Mayen und die spätrömischen Höhenbefestigungen in Nordgallien

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 88

On the Katzenberg near Mayen, a military fortification, one of the largest of its kind, existed from about 300 AD until the middle of the 5th century to protect the economic centre of Mayen.

Based on the results obtained there, 143 other hill fortifications in northern Gaul are examined. Oriented along traffic routes, especially waterways, these fortifications by no means have the character of hidden refuges. Rather, they can also be classified as military installations that were integrated into an overarching defence concept. They ensured the continuity of civil and economic life in rural areas. Thus, hilltop fortifications are one of the elements of a deep military defence in Late Antiquity.

Renate Thomas (Ed.)

Local Styles or Common Pattern Books in Roman Wall Painting and Mosaics
Panel 3.22

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 22

The presentations of the panel "Local styles or common pattern books in Roman mural painting and mosaics" illustrated various aspects of the working methods of ancient workshops and their production. I. Bragantini used the example of the wall paintings in Cartagena and Lyon to emphasise these were made by Italian workshops that in her opinion. While St. Falzone, M. Marano and P. Tomassini focused on the characteristics of the local style in wall painting in Ostia, C. Sbrolli concentrated on the iconographic characteristics of the 'Workshop of the Vetti' in Pompeii. E. Moormann and D. Esposito investigated the question of whether the development of wall painting in Flavian times testified to continuity or a new impulse. C. Boschetti et al. highlighted the differences in the production of mosaics in Aquileia between the Augustan period and the 4th century AD: while the first workshops worked with high quality materials from Campania and probably came from there, the later mosaicists were probably local, as they used cheap materials available locally. B. Tober pointed out that there was an 'international' agreement on the manner of appointing certain room for certain functions. E. Aydogdu and A. Kazim Öz used a mosaic in Metropolis as an example to show that three-dimensional leaf patterns are also based on models that go back to geometric forms.

 

Stefan Kipf (Ed.)

Integration durch Sprache
Schüler nichtdeutscher Herkunftssprache lernen Latein

Pupils of non-German origin are taking part in Latin lessons in increasing numbers. While the promotion of German language competence in native speakers is one of the traditional topoi of subject justification, this does not apply to second language learners. International experience, however, gives indications of remarkable potentials of Latin teaching for the development of second language competence.

What are these potentials, what can Latin teaching do to support children and young people of non-German origin? On the basis of new research findings, this volume offers a didactic concept and a wealth of teaching suggestions.

Michael Koch (Ed.)

Archäologie in der Großregion
Beiträge des internationalen Symposiums zur Archäologie in der Großregion in der Europäischen Akademie Otzenhausen vom 23. - 26. März 2017

Archäologentage Otzenhausen – Archäologie in der Großregion, Vol. 4

The Greater Region is traditionally an area with a focus on Celtic and Roman research. On the one hand, certainly, because there is a corresponding archaeological substance here, on the other hand but also because several associations interested in archaeology were already active here in the early 19th century and thus laid the foundation for today's interest in this era. Their work and excavation results shaped to a great extent over a long period of time the image of the "Celts" and "Romans" as it is commonly used. The present volume is now dedicated to one of these important Celtic researchers of the Greater Region for his 80th birthday: Prof. Dr. Alfred Haffner.

Dietrich Klaus Hartmann

Die katholische Pfarrkirche St. Vitus in Schmiechen, Stadt Schelklingen

Archäologische Berichte, Vol. 34

The Catholic parish church of St. Vitus in the Schmiechen district, town of Schelklingen (Alb-Donau district), in its current appearance is a mixture of different eras, from Gothic to modern. Archaeological investigations carried out in the course of a redesign and extension in 1990 and 1992 revealed a number of predecessor buildings, the earliest of which can be dated to the 9th century. The first church building, which in turn was erected on a pre-existing cemetery and on foundation remains of unknown date, was followed by several high and late medieval construction phases before the church was greatly expanded in the present by lateral additions. A special feature for a church in a rural area is the small barrel-vaulted crypt built in the 12th century as part of an extension. The finds recorded during the excavation inside the church, especially the pottery, are a valuable addition to the hitherto rather sparse material available for the region in question. Thus, the present investigation is an important building block for the research of the rural church landscape of southeastern Baden-Württemberg.

 

Beate Böhlendorf-Arslan, Robert Schick (Eds.)

Transformations of City and Countryside in the Byzantine Period

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 22

The concept of »transformation« or simply »reshaping« contains the elements of what remains, the conservative, the kernel of what continues, as well as the elements of what changes, the innovative. In the framework of this publication of articles from a conference in 2016 on »Transformations of City and Countryside in the Byzantine Period«, we draw attention to this dichotomy and investigate the social dynamics behind changes in urban and rural life in the Byzantine period that can be detected by archaeology, history and art history.

The Byzantine Empire is an ideal subject for studying how social transformation proceeds, what triggers transformation, what factors underlie it and what the processes involved are. Who were the agents of transformation and how did they and their environment change? How flexible were the state or its citizens in handling external and internal pressures of innovation? In what manner and to what extent were the Byzantines able to preserve their identity and the internal cohesion of their empire in the course of these processes of adaptation?