Beate Böhlendorf-Arslan (Ed.)

Veränderungen von Stadtbild und urbaner Lebenswelt in spätantiker und frühbyzantinischer Zeit
Assos im Spiegel städtischer Zentren Westkleinasiens

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 23


The transformation and restructuring of the ancient city in Asia Minor in the Late Antique and Early Byzantine periods has become a central topic of archaeological and historical research in recent decades. The contributions to this volume present an extremely differentiated picture of the development of cities and their surrounding areas during this period. An ideal starting point for this is the city of Assos on the southern coast of the Troad, where the transformation of the ancient city from the 4th to the 8th century has been the focus of research since 2013. The picture gained there is placed in a broader context in the present volume by contributions on Pergamon, Sardis, Ephesos, Didyma and Sagalassos, which shed light on the development process of the Late Antique and Early Byzantine cities of Western Asia Minor in very different ways from various aspects.

Miriam Rachel Salzmann

Negotiating Power and Identities
Latin, Greek and Syrian Élites in Fifteenth-Century Cyprus

Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 25

This study traces the development of Latin, Greek and Oriental Christian aristocratic groups and their interaction in fifteenth-century Cyprus. Since 1192, the island was under the rule of the Lusignan Crusader dynasty, which had introduced a nobility of Crusader families. However, due to various moments of political crisis from the end of the fourteenth century on, autochthonous Greeks and Oriental Christians (so-called Syrians) rose high in the state administration and challenged the power balance. This study explores their social mobility as well as the fate of the noble Crusaders who had to contend with the newcomers, and the consequences for the relationship between these groups. Moreover, it asks how the aristocrats constructed their identities with respect to social standing, ethnicity and religion. This analysis of the interplay between social change and identity construction permits a new, broad perspective on the Cypriot aristocracies during the fifteenth century.

Sabine Gaudzinski-Windheuser, Olaf Jöris (Eds.)

The Beef behind all Possible Pasts
The Tandem Festschrift in Honour of Elaine Turner and Martin Street

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 157.2

This Tandem-Festschrift pays tribute to Elaine Turner and Martin Street, to celebrate all you have both contributed to the MONREPOS Archaeological Research Centre and Museum for Human Behavioural Evolution of the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, in ensuring high research standards, and for your contributions to Palaeolithic Archaeology in Germany and beyond. It should be understood as a big “CHEERS” from the MONREPOS staff and many other friends and colleagues from all over the world, who contributed to this Festschrift.
The double volume comprises a broad spectrum of topics from the Lower Palaeolithic to the early Holocene and even to the Medieval period – touching upon the vast array of topics Elaine and Martin have dealt with over the last more than 30 years. It starts with the discussion of the oldest evidence for fire and addresses many other key-topics of scientific debate at fascinating levels of detail.

Sabine Gaudzinski-Windheuser, Olaf Jöris (Eds.)

The Beef behind all Possible Pasts
The Tandem Festschrift in Honour of Elaine Turner and Martin Street

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 157.1

This Tandem-Festschrift pays tribute to Elaine Turner and Martin Street, to celebrate all you have both contributed to the MONREPOS Archaeological Research Centre and Museum for Human Behavioural Evolution of the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, in ensuring high research standards, and for your contributions to Palaeolithic Archaeology in Germany and beyond. It should be understood as a big “CHEERS” from the MONREPOS staff and many other friends and colleagues from all over the world, who contributed to this Festschrift.
The double volume comprises a broad spectrum of topics from the Lower Palaeolithic to the early Holocene and even to the Medieval period – touching upon the vast array of topics Elaine and Martin have dealt with over the last more than 30 years. It starts with the discussion of the oldest evidence for fire and addresses many other key-topics of scientific debate at fascinating levels of detail.

Ulrike Schröer

Die Thuner Hochtrottoirs im städtebaulichen Kontext
Eine Studie zur Entstehungsgeschichte im Vergleich mit Bern, Burgdorf und Erlach

Schweizer Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte und Archäologie des Mittelalters, Vol. 41

The specific character of the Obere Hauptgasse in Thun is shaped by its unusual cross section. Ground floors known as raised pavements, arcades or terraces jutting out on both sides form a row of two-storey shops. Whether this was planned, or whether it resulted from the construction type or just by coincidence, the background of this streetscape that stands out from the otherwise anonymous urban development has never before been investigated in detail, despite its quaintness and originality. The question is whether the phenomenon of the double access was a very early example of this type of architecture, a consequence of a later development or even a product of urban planning.
Due to the fragmentary nature of the architectural contexts and an incomplete evidentiary background, it has not yet been possible to firmly establish the origins of Thun’s raised pavements. While the investigation uncovered evidence to suggest that the street gradient had been altered, it was not possible to provide irrefutable proof of this. Even the date proposed for the initial construction of the raised pavements in the 16th/17th centuries seems rather vague. What is certain, however, is that today’s homogenous appearance is in fact based on complex causes and decisions.

Jakob Obrecht, Fabian Küng and Waltraud Hörsch

Die Die Burg Kastelen bei Alberswil
Prähistorische Siedlung, Adelsburg und patrizischer Landsitz im Luzerner Wiggertal

Schweizer Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte und Archäologie des Mittelalters, Vol. 43

Die archäologischen Spuren auf dem Burghügel von Kastelen reichen weit in die Prähistorie zurück: Bereits in der Bronzezeit vor 3000 Jahren bestand auf dem Kastelenhügel eine dörfliche Siedlung. Im Hochmittelalter wurde der markante Hügel zum Standort einer hölzernen Burganlage. An ihrer Stelle liessen die Grafen von Kyburg zwischen 1249 und 1253 eine ausgedehnte Burg errichten, von welcher heute noch die Ruine des Wohnturms sowie der Sodbrunnen erhalten sind. Der beeindruckende Wohnturm ist ein beredter Zeuge der hochstehenden mittelalterlichen Bautechnik. Zusammen mit den archäologischen Funden lässt die Ruine einen unmittelbaren Einblick in die Wohnkultur und das Leben auf einer mittelalterlichen Adelsburg zu.

Die historischen Schriftquellen zur Burg Kastelen erzählen von der geschichtlichen Entwicklung der gesamten Region: Sie zeigen nicht nur den gesellschaftlichen Wandel in der herrschenden Oberschicht während des Mittelalters und der Neuzeit, sondern werfen auch ein Schlaglicht auf die sozialen Verhältnisse beispielsweise zur Zeit des Bauernkriegs von 1653.

Weitere Kapitel sind den bautechnischen und denkmalpflegerischen Aspekten einer Burgenrestaurierung gewidmet. Abgerundet wird die Publikation durch eine Untersuchung zu den Sagenerzählungen rund um die Ruine Kastelen.

 

Armand Baeriswyl, Peter Niederhäuser (Eds.)

Zeugen vergangener Macht und Herrschaft
Schweizer Burgen und Schlösser vom Mittelalter bis heute

Schweizer Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte und Archäologie des Mittelalters, Vol. 45

The 2016 conference in Spiez gave an insight into the current state of castle research and highlighted aspects of social and cultural history as well as the history of power. The proceedings begin with an introduction to the topic of medieval aristocracy and castle construction (Thomas Biller). This is followed by studies of the castles of the Zähringen dynasty (Heinz Krieg) and in the former diocese of Geneva (Matthieu de la Corbière), a case study of Colombier Castle in Canton Neuchâtel (Ferdinand Pajor) and an overview of early castle construction in what is today Swiss territory (Armand Baeriswyl). Special attention is then devoted to the Habsburg fortified border after 1499 (Peter Niederhäuser). A chronological trajectory from the Middle Ages to the present is drawn by papers on castle construction (Jürg Schweizer) and the castle revival (Elisabeth Crettaz) as well as a study of how castles are used today (Thomas Pauli-Gabi). The publication also contained short monographs and illustrations of 25 Swiss castles that are important from the point of view of both research history and castle typology.

Simon Hardmeier

Eine Stadtwüstung im Kanton Solothurn
Altreu im Mittelalter

Schweizer Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte und Archäologie des Mittelalters, Vol. 46

At Altreu, a hamlet in the municipality of Seuzach on the River Aare, it was its proximity to the river that caused the archaeological substance to disappear. Since 1949, partial features of a settlement have come to light in numerous construction pits. The publication has assembled these sections to form an overall picture, which is of great importance, both for medieval research in Canton Solothurn and for the archaeology of the Middle Ages in the whole of Switzerland. Thanks to the fact that much has been preserved in a coherent overall picture that elsewhere has to be painstakingly reconstructed from isolated fragments, the study provides invaluable insight into what life was like in a small medieval town. With fortification walls, a citadel and residential buildings facing onto the alleyways, Altreu had all the elements typically associated with a medieval town. Following a conflagration in the second half of the 14th century, the town was abandoned and subsequently forgotten. A considerable legacy, however, has survived in the ground: more than 20,000 artefacts were retrieved and are presented in an extensive catalogue sorted by category.

Caroline M. Rocheleau, Tom Hardwick (Eds.)

Offerings to Maat: Essays in Honour of Emily Teeter
CIPEG Journal: Ancient Egyptian & Sudanese Collections and Museums no. 5 (2021). Special issue

This Festschrift honours Emily Teeter, former curator at the Oriental Institute Museum at the University of Chicago. Colleagues and friends have contributed articles on a range of Egyptological and museological topics, including publications of museum objects, archival research into the history of collecting, and reports of educational and outreach projects in museums and on excavations.

Beate Schmid and Birgit Kulessa

Von Stadtmauern und Salbtöpfen
Archäologie zur Siedlungs- und Apothekengeschichte in Biberach

Forschungen und Berichte zur Archäologie in Baden-Württemberg, Vol. 13

For centuries, the town of Biberach preserved its largely undisturbed town centre with a considerable number of late medieval buildings. This volume presents the results of two excavations at very different locations within the medieval urban structure. The analysis of the excavation on Viehmarktplatz focuses on questions of the beginning of the settlement and the development on its periphery, and thus on the first town fortifications. The investigation of the building at Marktplatz 7, on the other hand, is concerned with the building history and use of a late medieval town house in a central location between the church and the market. In the course of its long history it was used by a pharmacist, among others. By presenting and interpreting the features and the finds from both excavations, the authors create a multifaceted picture of everyday life in a medieval town.

Christof Berns, Sabine Huy (Eds.)

The Impact of Rivers on Ancient Economies
Panel 2.2

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 4

The increased interest in the mutual interdependence of socio-cultural and physical spaces has led to the fact that watercourses have gained in importance as a formative factor of societies. Landscapes shaped by rivers provide characteristics and specific conditions that have a major impact on the economic life of people living in riverine contexts. Rivers are significant natural resources and offer special opportunities for economic activities. They can act both as connecting arteries and as borderlines. The contributions of our panel describe rivers as dynamic factors of ancient communities and their economy. The articles presented in this volume focus on the interrelation between river landscapes and the economic habits of their inhabitants. The case studies cover a wide range of epochs and geographical areas and discuss phenomena such as geomorphic and anthropogenic changes in rivers, the role of rivers as transport and trade routes and their impact on settlement patterns.

Ursina Jecklin-Tischhauser, Lotti Frascoli and Manuel Janosa

Die Burg Marmels
Eine bündnerische Balmburg im Spiegel von Archäologie und Geschichte

Schweizer Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte und Archäologie des Mittelalters, Vol. 40

The ruins of Marmels Castle are located some one hundred metres above the Marmorera reservoir, below a massive ledge (municipality of Marmorera situated in the Oberhalbstein/Sursés Valley in Canton Grisons). In the High and Late Middle Ages, the castle was in the hands of the Lords of Marmels, who were ministerials of the Bishop of Chur. The complex at this dizzy height once included a chapel with two adjacent buildings, a gateway building and a representative residential tower with at least four storeys.
As part of a comprehensive restoration of the castle ruins the Archaeological Services of Canton Grisons were able to carry out architectural surveying of the preserved building remains and excavations in the grounds in 1987 and 1988. An excavation being carried out in castle grounds is a rare occurrence in Canton Grisons. However, it was actually the findings from the excavations that were of particular significance for Swiss castle research.
Thanks to the location of the castle beneath a massive ledge, large parts of the complex had at all times been protected from the elements – a stroke of luck for researchers, since the finds were deposited in mostly dry conditions over the centuries. Apart from their large number, the variety and state of preservation of the finds was also extraordinary. Particularly the organic finds, which in medieval excavations usually only occur in small numbers, were numerous in Marmels: some 1,000 fragments of wood including utensils, furniture parts, architectural timbers and building waste were found in the excavated layers. Other finds included leather fragments and shoes, remnants of parchment, some of which bore writing, more than 21,000 animal bones and 18,000 individual plant remains. Besides the organic finds, the excavations also unearthed metal implements and innumerable fragments of slag, which attested to the production and working of metal, some pottery shards and a large assemblage of steatite vessels. Various wooden objects (architectural timbers and implements) yielded absolute dates by dendrochronological means.
This allowed us to date the construction of the castle to 1140 and its abandonment to the late 14th or early 15th century. Certain events from the castle’s history could also be dated using this method.

Ludwig Wamser

Mauenheim und Bargen
Zwei Grabhügelfelder der Hallstatt- und Frühlatènezeit aus dem nördlichen Hegau

Forschungen und Berichte zur Archäologie in Baden-Württemberg, Vol. 2

The monograph deals with the Hallstatt cemetery of Immendingen-Mauenheim (district of Tuttlingen), which comprises 23 burial mounds and at least 10 small cremation graves between the mounds, and with the necropolis of Engen-Bargen (district of Constance), which consists of five tumuli. Both sites are located about 700 m apart in the northern Hegau, a few kilometres south of the Danube, between the Alps and the Black Forest. The study is based on a dissertation from the 1970s and is supplemented by new research devoted to specific finds and social and economic aspects. Animal grave goods from the tombs were analysed achaeozoologically. Anthropological studies of the skeletons from the Hallstatt period as well as research on mobility and nutritional status of humans and animals contribute to the reconstruction of Iron Age living conditions in south-western Germany.

Monica Berti

Digital Editions of Historical Fragmentary Texts

Digital Classics Books, Vol. 5

This book describes a new model for digital editions of historical fragmentary texts, i.e. texts that have been lost in their original form and survive only through citations and reuses in later works. This book describes the current state of digital libraries of fragmentary texts and presents two new related projects: the “Digital Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum” project, which is the digital and expanded version of the Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum (FHG), and the “Digital Athenaeus” project, which provides an inventory of authors and works cited in the Deipnosophists of Athenaeus of Naucratis with a data model for their identification and analysis.

Dimitri van Limbergen, Devi Taelman (Eds.)

The Exploitation of Raw Materials in the Roman World: A Closer Look at Producer-Resource Dynamics
Panel 4.4

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 27

Compared to other pre-modern economies, the Roman world stands out for having developed a highly specialised and very productive manufacturing sector. This development led to the widespread and large-scale extraction of raw materials. Even in a territory as large as the Roman Empire, such activities put major
pressure on the land. Strategies of resource exploitation and conservation were thus essential in dealing successfully with the limited availability of these resources in the medium or long term, and to ensure the sustainability of the Roman exploitation model. This volume deals with the various ways in which natural resources were exploited and managed in the Roman world. It focuses on if, when, where and how the Romans pursued a harmonious balance between the limited availability of a particular resource and the law of supply and demand. The case studies in this volume cover various key areas of the Western Roman world – from Italy and the island of Elba, over coastal Croatia to Central-Eastern Gaul and the Pannonian limes – and discuss in particular the fi sh industry, iron smelting, deforestation and forest management, the stone trade and the exploitation of thermo-mineral resources.

Grégory Mainet, Thomas Morard (Eds.)

Roman Street and Urban Economy
Panel 8.12

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 47

Streets played a key role in shaping the ancient economic townscape. We usually consider streets simply as a thoroughfares for traffic, but this idea falls short of the facts as suggested by ancient authors like Martial or Juvenal. The “street space” was built in three dimensions and was an important place for the social and economic interactions constituting the urban social life in Antiquity. Such a function clearly appears in the architecture of the street shaped by numerous tabernae built within atrium houses, rows of shops or multi-storey buildings and by the activities which happened there. In other words, the economy of ancient cities was not confined to specific buildings such as macella.
On the contrary, economic activities extended beyond the walls of such buildings and invaded the whole urban fabric along the streets. The papers of the panel “Ancient Streets and Urban Economy” intend to shed new light on the role of the space of the street in the urban economy in ancient societies between the 2 nd century BC and the 3 rd century AD in particular. To further our understanding, the different authors propose to examine some case studies from for instances Alba Fucens, Athens, Lugdunum, Norba, Ostia and Pompeii.

Rainer Nickel

Semantische und pragmatische Aspekte des Übersetzens lateinischer Texte

Ars Didactica – Alte Sprachen lehren und lernen, Vol. 7

...

Miklós Takács

Byzantinische oder byzantinisierende Raumgestaltungen kirchlicher Architektur im frühárpádenzeitlichen Ungarn
Eine vergleichende Analyse auf Grundlage von Parallelen aus dem Balkan

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 138

The question of "Byzantine" churches in the early Árpádic kingdom of Hungary is one of the central problems of archaeology and historiography of Hungary and all the Balkan states that emerged on the territory of the former Árpádic empire. However, a careful review of the churches, taking into account their history of research, shows that only a small part of the churches designated as Byzantine for partly nationalistic reasons actually had models in Byzantium.

Michael von Albrecht

SERMONES. Satiren zur Gegenwart
Lateinisch und Deutsch

Hans-Joachim Glücklich (Ed.)
Ars Didactica – Alte Sprachen lehren und lernen, Vol. 8

Michael von Albrecht's Sermones are satires on contemporary problems and modern society, written in Latin and accompanied by a German translation. Among the topics there are: man's curiosity, astronauts, our wasteful use of food, keeping dogs, research on the future development of human society, environmental protection, corona, nuclear wars, search for truth, old age, and the scourge of publicity.
Comprehensive education, elegance of style, and a humane wit conspire to create a reading experience. These satires combine literary art and good entertainment. Being both artistic and delightful, they reveal a critical mind as well as a deep empathy with human life. They might be called, therefore, an ARS DIDACTICA HUMANA. Articles by Hans Joachim Glücklich and Michael Lobe inscribe Michael von Albrecht's name into the tradition of satire and help those interested recognize and enjoy the delicacy of style and allusions. Furthermore, they give advice on how to read and understand the Latin text even with a rather rudimentary knowledge of Latin.

Lore Benz, Jochen Sauer (Eds.)

Rhetorik, Politik, Propaganda
Cicero und die Macht des Wortes

Acta Didactica – Bielefelder Beiträge zur Didaktik der Alten Sprachen in Schule und Universität, Vol. 1

The five articles in this volume present Cicero's oratorial work and show ways in which Cicero and his rhetorics can be introduced to the world of pupils. All contributions are based on three speeches or speech corpora of Cicero that are central to school lessons: the speeches against Catiline, the speech for Sestius and the Philippine speeches. A detailed bibliography with reviews of relevant didactic publications concludes the contributions. A comprehensive appendix offers material for implementation in the classroom.