Ursina Jecklin-Tischhauser, Lotti Frascoli and Manuel Janosa

Die Burg Marmels
Eine bündnerische Balmburg im Spiegel von Archäologie und Geschichte

Schweizer Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte und Archäologie des Mittelalters, Vol. 40

The ruins of Marmels Castle are located some one hundred metres above the Marmorera reservoir, below a massive ledge (municipality of Marmorera situated in the Oberhalbstein/Sursés Valley in Canton Grisons). In the High and Late Middle Ages, the castle was in the hands of the Lords of Marmels, who were ministerials of the Bishop of Chur. The complex at this dizzy height once included a chapel with two adjacent buildings, a gateway building and a representative residential tower with at least four storeys.
As part of a comprehensive restoration of the castle ruins the Archaeological Services of Canton Grisons were able to carry out architectural surveying of the preserved building remains and excavations in the grounds in 1987 and 1988. An excavation being carried out in castle grounds is a rare occurrence in Canton Grisons. However, it was actually the findings from the excavations that were of particular significance for Swiss castle research.
Thanks to the location of the castle beneath a massive ledge, large parts of the complex had at all times been protected from the elements – a stroke of luck for researchers, since the finds were deposited in mostly dry conditions over the centuries. Apart from their large number, the variety and state of preservation of the finds was also extraordinary. Particularly the organic finds, which in medieval excavations usually only occur in small numbers, were numerous in Marmels: some 1,000 fragments of wood including utensils, furniture parts, architectural timbers and building waste were found in the excavated layers. Other finds included leather fragments and shoes, remnants of parchment, some of which bore writing, more than 21,000 animal bones and 18,000 individual plant remains. Besides the organic finds, the excavations also unearthed metal implements and innumerable fragments of slag, which attested to the production and working of metal, some pottery shards and a large assemblage of steatite vessels. Various wooden objects (architectural timbers and implements) yielded absolute dates by dendrochronological means.
This allowed us to date the construction of the castle to 1140 and its abandonment to the late 14th or early 15th century. Certain events from the castle’s history could also be dated using this method.

Ludwig Wamser

Mauenheim und Bargen
Zwei Grabhügelfelder der Hallstatt- und Frühlatènezeit aus dem nördlichen Hegau

Forschungen und Berichte zur Archäologie in Baden-Württemberg, Vol. 2

The monograph deals with the Hallstatt cemetery of Immendingen-Mauenheim (district of Tuttlingen), which comprises 23 burial mounds and at least 10 small cremation graves between the mounds, and with the necropolis of Engen-Bargen (district of Constance), which consists of five tumuli. Both sites are located about 700 m apart in the northern Hegau, a few kilometres south of the Danube, between the Alps and the Black Forest. The study is based on a dissertation from the 1970s and is supplemented by new research devoted to specific finds and social and economic aspects. Animal grave goods from the tombs were analysed achaeozoologically. Anthropological studies of the skeletons from the Hallstatt period as well as research on mobility and nutritional status of humans and animals contribute to the reconstruction of Iron Age living conditions in south-western Germany.

Monica Berti

Digital Editions of Historical Fragmentary Texts

Digital Classics Books, Vol. 5

This book describes a new model for digital editions of historical fragmentary texts, i.e. texts that have been lost in their original form and survive only through citations and reuses in later works. This book describes the current state of digital libraries of fragmentary texts and presents two new related projects: the “Digital Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum” project, which is the digital and expanded version of the Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum (FHG), and the “Digital Athenaeus” project, which provides an inventory of authors and works cited in the Deipnosophists of Athenaeus of Naucratis with a data model for their identification and analysis.

Dimitri van Limbergen, Devi Taelman (Eds.)

The Exploitation of Raw Materials in the Roman World: A Closer Look at Producer-Resource Dynamics
Panel 4.4

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 27

Compared to other pre-modern economies, the Roman world stands out for having developed a highly specialised and very productive manufacturing sector. This development led to the widespread and large-scale extraction of raw materials. Even in a territory as large as the Roman Empire, such activities put major
pressure on the land. Strategies of resource exploitation and conservation were thus essential in dealing successfully with the limited availability of these resources in the medium or long term, and to ensure the sustainability of the Roman exploitation model. This volume deals with the various ways in which natural resources were exploited and managed in the Roman world. It focuses on if, when, where and how the Romans pursued a harmonious balance between the limited availability of a particular resource and the law of supply and demand. The case studies in this volume cover various key areas of the Western Roman world – from Italy and the island of Elba, over coastal Croatia to Central-Eastern Gaul and the Pannonian limes – and discuss in particular the fi sh industry, iron smelting, deforestation and forest management, the stone trade and the exploitation of thermo-mineral resources.

Grégory Mainet, Thomas Morard (Eds.)

Roman Street and Urban Economy
Panel 8.12

Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World – Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018, Vol. 47

Streets played a key role in shaping the ancient economic townscape. We usually consider streets simply as a thoroughfares for traffic, but this idea falls short of the facts as suggested by ancient authors like Martial or Juvenal. The “street space” was built in three dimensions and was an important place for the social and economic interactions constituting the urban social life in Antiquity. Such a function clearly appears in the architecture of the street shaped by numerous tabernae built within atrium houses, rows of shops or multi-storey buildings and by the activities which happened there. In other words, the economy of ancient cities was not confined to specific buildings such as macella.
On the contrary, economic activities extended beyond the walls of such buildings and invaded the whole urban fabric along the streets. The papers of the panel “Ancient Streets and Urban Economy” intend to shed new light on the role of the space of the street in the urban economy in ancient societies between the 2 nd century BC and the 3 rd century AD in particular. To further our understanding, the different authors propose to examine some case studies from for instances Alba Fucens, Athens, Lugdunum, Norba, Ostia and Pompeii.

Rainer Nickel

Semantische und pragmatische Aspekte des Übersetzens lateinischer Texte

Ars Didactica – Alte Sprachen lehren und lernen, Vol. 7

...

Miklós Takács

Byzantinische oder byzantinisierende Raumgestaltungen kirchlicher Architektur im frühárpádenzeitlichen Ungarn
Eine vergleichende Analyse auf Grundlage von Parallelen aus dem Balkan

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 138

The question of "Byzantine" churches in the early Árpádic kingdom of Hungary is one of the central problems of archaeology and historiography of Hungary and all the Balkan states that emerged on the territory of the former Árpádic empire. However, a careful review of the churches, taking into account their history of research, shows that only a small part of the churches designated as Byzantine for partly nationalistic reasons actually had models in Byzantium.

Michael von Albrecht

SERMONES. Satiren zur Gegenwart
Lateinisch und Deutsch

Hans-Joachim Glücklich (Ed.)
Ars Didactica – Alte Sprachen lehren und lernen, Vol. 8

Michael von Albrecht's Sermones are satires on contemporary problems and modern society, written in Latin and accompanied by a German translation. Among the topics there are: man's curiosity, astronauts, our wasteful use of food, keeping dogs, research on the future development of human society, environmental protection, corona, nuclear wars, search for truth, old age, and the scourge of publicity.
Comprehensive education, elegance of style, and a humane wit conspire to create a reading experience. These satires combine literary art and good entertainment. Being both artistic and delightful, they reveal a critical mind as well as a deep empathy with human life. They might be called, therefore, an ARS DIDACTICA HUMANA. Articles by Hans Joachim Glücklich and Michael Lobe inscribe Michael von Albrecht's name into the tradition of satire and help those interested recognize and enjoy the delicacy of style and allusions. Furthermore, they give advice on how to read and understand the Latin text even with a rather rudimentary knowledge of Latin.

Lore Benz, Jochen Sauer (Eds.)

Rhetorik, Politik, Propaganda
Cicero und die Macht des Wortes

Acta Didactica – Bielefelder Beiträge zur Didaktik der Alten Sprachen in Schule und Universität, Vol. 1

The five articles in this volume present Cicero's oratorial work and show ways in which Cicero and his rhetorics can be introduced to the world of pupils. All contributions are based on three speeches or speech corpora of Cicero that are central to school lessons: the speeches against Catiline, the speech for Sestius and the Philippine speeches. A detailed bibliography with reviews of relevant didactic publications concludes the contributions. A comprehensive appendix offers material for implementation in the classroom.

Jan Weidauer

Männlichkeit verhandeln
Von Lüstlingen, Kriegern und wahren Römern (1./2. Jh. n. Chr.)

Mainzer Althistorische Studien (MAS), Vol. 9

This study analyzes ancient discourses of masculinity in the 1st/2nd centuries CE, in which the practice of elite Roman masculinity is negotiated. Performativity and habitus serve as theoretical concepts to guide the exploration of the limits of permissible configurations of Roman masculinity. One the one hand, literary representation of sexually deviant men, whose norm transgressions are exposed, are examined in the epigrams of Martial and the satires of Juvenal. One the other hand, the depiction of hyper-masculine German barbarians as well as decadent and effeminate Greeks are analyzed in the texts of Tacitus and Quintilian. The contrast to these men, who are deficient from a Roman perspective, achieves a more precise view of “real” Roman masculinity.

Stefan Wenzel

Behausungen im Späten Jungpaläolithikum und im Mesolithikum in Nord-, Mittel- und Westeuropa

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 81

Where hunter-gatherers camped between 15000-5000 BC in the steppes and forests of Europe, stone artefacts and hearthstones were usually left behind in large numbers. Only rarely, however, are dwellings directly verifiable on the basis of preserved construction elements.
In this book six accumulations of lithic artefacts are examined to see if there are indications that tent walls once surrounded them as an obstacle to a diffuse distribution of the stone debris to the outside: Orp Ost and Rekem 10 in Belgium, Cepoy in the Paris Basin, Geldrop 3-2 in the southern Netherlands, Berlin-Tegel IX, and Hartmannsdorf 26 in Brandenburg. In these settlement structures as well as in the dwellings and unroofed campsites of this period used for comparison, it is also possible to reconstruct work areas

Beatrice Baragli et al. (Eds.)

Distant Worlds and Beyond
Special Issue Dedicated to the Graduate School Distant Worlds (2012‒2021)

Distant Worlds Journal Special Issues, Vol. 3

This special issue of the Distant Worlds Journal concludes the series in the form of a Festschrift for the institution that gave it its name. In this volume, research articles from former members of the Distant Worlds Graduate School have been collected. This volume presents new ideas, methods and ways of thinking gathered during the time at the Graduate School, as well as research conducted or current projects. The range of topics in this issue reflects the multifaceted nature for which the Graduate School in Munich was known. The numerous disciplines and the constant interdisciplinary discourse shaped the thinking and work of all involved.

Caris-Beatrice Arnst, Regine Schulz (Eds.)

Typen, Motive, Stilmittel

Beiträge zur Altägyptischen Kunst, Vol. 1

Art Research and Visual Culture Studies is considered a marginal field in Egyptology today. Thus, the anthology is intended to serve the one for scientific understanding, the other for self-study. Above all, it is intended to stimulate own reflections, if possible in front of the discussed artworks. The contributions demonstrate different procedures, most of which have matured in practice as a result of sharpened, explorative perception. Special concern was to analyse and to interpret the discussed artworks in a comprehensible way and also to deal with applied terms, art historical approaches and methods.
The volume opens a new series published in loose succession on behalf of the Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim. The series Beiträge zur altägyptischen Kunst (“Contributions to ancient Egyptian art”– BAK) is specifically dedicated to Art Research and Visual Culture Studies in Egyptology.

Aydin Abar et al. (Eds.)

Pearls, Politics and Pistachios
Essays in Anthropology and Memories on the Occasion of Susan Pollock’s 65th Birthday

This book is a heartfelt “Thank You!” present to Susan Pollock on her 65th birthday. In each of the 46 contributions the 63 authors celebrate Susan Pollock as a multi-facetted and brilliant scholar and colleague, as a devoted and outstanding teacher and as an empathetic mentor. The range of topics covered in the articles spans from the first occurrence of Homo sapiens on the Iranian Highland, to the research of the underrepresentation of female scholars in a male dominated Publikationslandschaft, as well as the role of politics in archaeological practice. Together the authors present the diversity of archaeological practice neither limited by time and space, nor by methodical conventions.

Leonie Huf

Frauen jenseits der Konvention
Alterszüge, Tätowierungen und afrikanische Physiognomien im Frauenbild attischer Vasen des 5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr.

Women appearances characterized by the reversal of established role models have always evoked a particular fascination. The conventional and the deviation from it become visible in the intentional shift away from the standardized representation scheme of ancient women on Attic vases. Characterizations directly connected to the body - in contrast to clothing or furnishings - are given special emphasis in the picture: age features, tattoos, and African facial features.
Unconventional women appear as pictorial means of differentiation in a wide variety of thematic areas: thus, an old tattooed nurse can be a component of emotion directing in funeral scenes, a supposedly old African sacrificial servant can make recognizable a parody of festival depictions, or a Thracian slave woman playing with her exotic charms can suddenly become the center of attention. Therefore, the women are intentionally removed from clear categorizability; the focus is on their effective and sometimes ambivalent fit into the pictorial structure.

 

Museen der Stadt Wien - Stadtarchäologie (Ed.)

Monumental Computations
Digital archaeology of large urban and underground infrastructures

Proceedings of the International Conference on Cultural Heritage and New Technologies, Vienna, Vol. 24

The international conference "Cultural Heritage and New Technologies" took place in 2019 on the theme "Monumental Computations - Digital archaeology of large urban and underground infrastructures" at the Vienna City Hall.
The conference papers address the challenges of large urban development projects for the responsible organizers, whose goal is to preserve the cultural heritage of the cities concerned as much as possible. In this context, computer-based approaches are indispensable in all steps of a large urban development project.

 

Armin Volkmann

Digitale Archäologie und Perspektiven des Digital Cultural Heritage
Besiedlungsmuster frühgeschichtlicher Kulturen des ersten Jahrtausends AD in Zentraleuropa. Vergleichende Studien zur Neustrukturierung und Transformation peripherer Regionen der Germania superior und des Barbaricums zum Ende des Römischen Reichs

The study bridges the still existing gap between the archaeological sciences and applied computer science in order to examine the comprehensive restructuring processes systematically within and outside the Roman Limes during the Migration Period of the 4.−8. cent. AD based on exemplary questions and focused to the end of the Roman Empire. The study applied selected methods of the archaeoinformatics or computational archaeology to help clarify the cultural-historical issues involved. Specialist data from cooperating institutions provided the basis for this study. The backbone for the study is the project's Archaeological Information System (AIS) with a large corpus of specific data supplemented with relevant retro-digitised catalogues and via web interfaces integrated databases. In order to ensure the representativeness of the theses obtained the project use comparative data from several Central European micro-regions. Within this, the aim was on settlement processes of the Migration Period between the Roman Empire and the Early Middle Ages with a short view to the previous La Tène period. Complex settlement patterns and concepts have been analysed using comprehensible statistical methods, which invite for reproduction in the context of further studies.

Stefan Thörle (Ed.)

Fundberichte Hessen Digital 2019/2020
Bd. 1

In 2019 / 20 hessenarchäologie, the archaeological department of the State Office for the Preservation of Monuments in Hesse, launched its new journal Fundberichte Hessen Digital. It offers a scientific platform for current archaeological and palaeontological research on Hessian sites. All articles are previously released online.

Volume 1 presents four articles: - results of excavations at the Riesenstein near Heimarshausen, - the analysis of settlement structures at the early Neolithic site of Klein-Rohrheim, - research on a cemetery of the late Roman to early Migration period at Lampertheim, - a La Tène period settlement between Heidetränke and Heidengraben near Oberursel.

Michael Koch (Ed.)

Archäologie in der Großregion
Beiträge des internationalen Symposiums zur Archäologie in der Großregion in der Europäischen Akademie Otzenhausen vom 12. - 15. April 2018

Archäologentage Otzenhausen – Archäologie in der Großregion, Vol. 5

This volume refers to the conference in 2018, where, for current reasons, the topic of "migration" took center stage. For archaeology certainly also has a political dimension, as already suggested by the winged phrase "future needs origin". The phenomena of migration, flight and displacement, as well as the passing on of craft techniques and cultural phenomena through migratory movements are as old as mankind itself. Especially for the greater region with the states of Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Luxembourg, Lorraine, Alsace and Wallonia, this is an important topic.
this is a significant topic.

 

Joachim Weidig

Bazzano – ein Gräberfeld bei L’Aquila (Abruzzen)
Die Bestattungen des 8.-5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr.

Monographien des RGZM, Vol. 112,3

Bazzano near L'Aquila is one of the largest pre-Roman burial sites in Apennine Central Italy and even surpasses the necropolises of Fossa and Campovalano in the number of graves.
More than 500 burials of the Orientalising and Archaic period (8th-5th century BC) from the excavations of the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici dell'Abruzzo from 1992-2004 are presented and analysed in this publication for the first time.
Above all, Etruscan pottery imports and their local adaptations enable a finer dating of the graves with their seemingly older traditional Italic decorative elements and weapons within an absolute chronology. In this way, the occupation sequence of the necropolis in four main phases, established on the basis of seriations and grave overlaps, can be better compared with the existing chronology systems.
In addition to questions on burial customs and social structures, the main part of the work is devoted to the classification and chronology of typical Middle Italian objects that are widespread far beyond Bazzano. With the complementary anthropological contributions, the picture of a mobile Iron Age population is sketched, which differed in its lifestyle from the individuals buried in the neighbouring necropolis of Fossa. Possibly this is due to a pronounced pastoral economy, transhumance or a very active warrior class, whose status is also emphasised by the high number of graves containing weapons.