Christine Nawa , Christoph Meinel (Eds.)

Von der Forschung gezeichnet
Instrumente und Apparaturen in Heidelberger Laboratorien, skizziert von Friedrich Veith (1817–1907)

In the heyday of the University of Heidelberg in the 19th century luminaries such as the chemist Robert Bunsen, the physicist Gustav Kirchhoff and the physiologist Hermann Helmholtz coined the University’s fame. They had their scientific instruments and experimental setups depicted by the University’s drawing teacher Friedrich Veith (1817–1907). A portfolio of some 50 of his drawings from 1856 to 1891forms a unique source for the experimental culture of that period. It also testifies to the importance of visual communication in science and to the role of the many ‘invisible hands’ on which research depends.

Ladislaus Ludescher

Vergessene Welten und blinde Flecken
Die mediale Vernachlässigung des Globalen Südens. Quantitative geografische Mediendiskursanalyse über die Berichterstattung der Tagesschau und ausgewählter Leitmedien

"How realistically do media portray the world?" is not only one of the crucial issues of media studies, but also a question that probably every viewer or reader has asked himself at some point. The long-term study Vergessene Welten und blinde Flecken (Forgotten Worlds and Blind Spots) has evaluated, among other things, about 5,100 broadcasts of the German news program Tagesschau from 1996 and from 2007 to 2019 as well as reports from selected leading media (Deutschlandfunk, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Der Spiegel, Brennpunkt, Anne Will, Hart aber Fair, Maischberger, Maybrit Illner, CBS Evening News, The Washington Post, Time, The Guardian and Le Monde). It comes to the conclusion that the countries of the global south (the so-called developing countries or Third World) are massively underrepresented in German reporting.

Gernot Burkhardt

Minor Planet Names with Ties to Heidelberg

This excerpt of the database Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (DMPN) gives 169 names of minor planets with ties to Heidelberg to date, i.e. August 2020, out of the total number of 22,129 names. It is an update to the Wissenschaftsatlas der Universität Heidelberg on the occasion of the university's 625 year anniversary in 2011 which listed 97 minor planet names.

Ernst G. Jung

Haut
Kultur und Geschichte

Driven by growing interest, our skin is much discussed, esteemed and occasionally also abused. Skin and skin care have changed over time from early history to today. Beauty and ugliness complement each other to create a new quality of attractiveness. In addition, some historical reminiscences are presented to confirm the great interest in our skin, its cultural and historical relevance.

Henry Keazor , Maria Effinger (Eds.)

FAKE - Fälschungen, wie sie im Buche stehen
Eine Ausstellung der Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg und des Instituts für Europäische Kunstgeschichte der Universität Heidelberg

Schriften der Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg, Band 16

Fälschungen und Bücher haben mehr miteinander zu tun, als man gemeinhin denken könnte. Naheliegend und nicht weiter erstaunlich ist, dass Fälscher Bücher konsultieren, um daraus Vorlagen für ihre Fälschungen zu gewinnen und sich das notwendige Wissen zu deren Herstellung anzueignen.

Doch es gibt noch mehr Bezüge zwischen Fälschungen und Büchern: Denn die Fälschungen werden sodann oftmals mit Hilfe von Büchern lanciert (z.B. mittels Werkkatalogen), in denen sie von getäuschten Autoren unwissentlich als vermeintliche Originale veröffentlicht werden. Im schlimmsten Fall manipulieren Fälscher zu Täuschungszwecken sogar gleich direkt Kataloge, in denen die Fälschungen dann plötzlich als echte Werke erscheinen. Und am Ende können, wie der spektakuläre 'Galileo'-Fall kürzlich zeigte, sogar ganze historische Bücher gefälscht und als vermeintliche Preziosen verkauft werden. Bücher sind für Fälscher jedoch nicht immer nur von Vorteil, sie können ihnen auch zum Verhängnis werden: Wissenschaftliche Bücher enttarnen Fälschungen und lassen deren Schöpfer auffliegen. Entlarvt, aber dafür nun eventuell populär, vermarkten Fälscher nicht selten ihre eigene Geschichte im Rahmen von Autobiografien bzw. werden in Romanen zu literarischen Figuren.

Die Ausstellung 'FAKE: Fälschungen, wie sie im Buche stehen' thematisiert und dokumentiert diese und weitere Aspekte anhand einer Gegenüberstellung von echten Büchern und gefälschten Kunstwerken.

Benjamin Held et al. (Eds.)

Corona als Riss
Perspektiven für Kirche, Politik und Ökonomie

FEST kompakt – Analysen – Stellungnahmen – Perspektiven , Vol. 1

The corona pandemic has changed our everyday life, politics and economy in a way that was previously unimaginable. What was previously taken for granted no longer applies – cracks have appeared in the continuity of our worldview and way of life. Some of them have a revealing effect, others lead to ruptures or can hardly be held together. In the hope of controlling the pandemic our possibilities have been limited. Alternatives – not infrequently stopgaps – are developing into a new 'normal'. How can we react to the pandemic and the problems and dilemmas it causes? How can we embrace the emerging opportunities? The authors develop perspectives for the time with and after Corona.

Eike U. Decker

»Recessive« Information in Language
A Probabilistic Information Model as the Basis of Informational Linguistics and Systems Linguistics

This book presents a language model based on information and systems theory. Language is understood as a dynamic system that processes information. The elements of this system are connected by weighted relations. These relations and their weights are changeable and allow a probabilistic analysis of language production. This model opens up new ways of analyzing language and the development of new flexible Natural Language Processing technologies by distinguishing between linguistic information that is perceived (“linguistic phenotype”) and information that is not perceived (“recessive information) and by arguing that language has to be seen as a probabilistically organized information system.

Laura Henkelmann

Der "Kalendrier la Royne" des Wilhelm von Saint-Cloud
Edition und lexikalische Analyse

The Kalendarium Regine, composed by the French astronomer William of Saint-Cloud in 1296 for Queen Marie of Brabant and translated into old French as Kalendrier la Royne some years later, is an impressive document which illustrates the development of medieval sciences from a pure clerical culture to a lay culture. The Kalendrier reveals the significance of medieval calendars linking science and daily use not only by reflecting the state of knowledge in the field of astronomy and calendar computation around 1300 but also by a detailed didactic commentary which serves as an instruction manual.

Vincent Heuveline , Fabian Gebhart , Nina Mohammadianbisheh (Eds.)

E-Science-Tage 2019
Data to Knowledge

Digitization offers a new, efficient tool to support scientific progress. Using modern information systems, research data can be digitally archived in almost all areas and reused more easily if necessary. Nowadays, when collective knowledge has grown enormously, systematization of research data is more important than ever. The E-Science Days 2019, which led to this publication, offered the opportunity to explore new ways of research data computing and helped to enhance digital science through a lively exchange of experiences and innovations.

Sarah-Denise Fabian , Rüdiger Thomsen-Fürst (Eds.)

Oper – Südwest
Beiträge zur Geschichte der Oper an den südwestdeutschen Höfen des 18. Jahrhunderts

For Silke Leopold on the occasion of her 70th birthday presented by the staff of the research centre »History of Southwest German Court Music« of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences.

»Opera – Southwest« illuminates aspects of music theatre, especially at the Southwest German courts of the eighteenth century. New possibilities for the reconstruction of the opera repertoire in Rastatt, Baron Sigismund von Rumling's Musiktheater in Zweibrücken and the special final arrangement of Niccolò Jommellis Didone abbandonata at the Württemberg court, and also the composition process of Johann Adolph Hasse's Dresden operas will be discussed. In addition, three contributions are dedicated to Franz Danzi and his discourse with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

Aegidus Romanus

Über die Fürstenherrschaft (ca. 1277-1279)
Nach der Handschrift Rom, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, cod. borgh. 360 und unter Benutzung der Drucke Rom 1556 und Rom 1607

Volker Hartmann (Ed.)

The mirror of princes De regimine principum, by Giles of Rome (d. 1316), was not only the most widely disseminated text of its genre, but also one of the most read of all secular writings of the Late Middle Ages . It was translated into most vernacular languages of Western Christianity. This is the first modern bilingual edition of the text, based on the contemporary manuscript Cod. Borgh. 360 of the Vatican Library, and containing all textual variants of the prints Rome 1556 and 1607, that have been used most often by recent scholarship. A short commentary provides added information about where to find the passages quoted by Giles from his sources.

Wiebke Beushausen

Dirty Skirts
Body Politics and Coming-of-Age in Feminist Fiction of the Caribbean Diaspora

The coming-of-age novel continues to be an important genre for depicting the interrelation of body, subject, and society. Women writers of the Caribbean diaspora return to this genre to describe lived experience and both social inclusion and exclusion, that either support or inhibit personal development within seemingly predetermined power structures. This study investigates and defines the Caribbean-diasporic coming-of-age novels which aim to decolonize the genre of the Bildungsroman. It offers a comparative perspective on the novels written by Angie Cruz, Edwidge Danticat, Ramabai Espinet, and Makeda Silvera, who write about adolescent, maternal, homoerotic, unruly, violated, and rebellious bodies. Close reading focuses on the fictional representations and discourses of hegemonic and subversive body politics under postcolonial and migrant conditions. The book shows how feminist, political writing makes marginalized bodies, identities, and histories visible.

The study’s focus on the body in contexts of migration is political and of high contemporary relevance. Moving bodies are certainly not a new phenomenon of our immediate present. However, the ways these bodies come to matter within the globalized world have been shifting considering  the contemporary paradox of seemingly borderless global markets and free-floating capital but increasing control of certain bodies at quite real national borders. The bodies written in the four novels thus function as social, cultural, and historical documents offering at the same time a powerful statement on political discourses of our time.

Daniela Gress (Ed.)

Minderheiten und Arbeit im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert
Aspekte einer vielschichtigen Beziehungsgeschichte

There are few topics that divide opinions in social contexts so much as "minorities" and "work". The current interdisciplinary anthology focuses on this complex history of relationships and explores processes of minority inclusion and exclusion in the history of work throughout the 19th and 20th century. The different methodological approaches developed by the junior researchers show how productive the perspective of minority research can be for explorations in the history of work.

Theresa Ruperti Repilado

La grand et la parfit overaigne de geomancie
Edition und lexikalische Analyse der ersten "Parcel" nach der Handschrift Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ashmole 398

In the Middle Ages, geomancy was an enormously popular divinatory technique whose similarity to astronomy made it a science in its own right.

One of the most important authors of a medieval geomancy is the Flemish cleric William of Moerbeke. The geomantic treatise that he composed most likely in 1269 was translated into French in the middle of the 14th century. The present work includes a critical text edition and a comprehensive lexical analysis of the first part of the Old French translation. Furthermore, additional background information concerning the text, its language and its subject matter are included to provide a deeper understanding of the text.

Zsolt Vasáros and Christian Witschel

Castrum Virtuale
Rekonstruktion eines spätantiken Fundorts am Plattensee. Eine Ausstellung in Gedenken an Prof. Géza Alföldy

Orsolya Heinrich-Tamáska , Roland Prien (Eds.)
Universitätsmuseum Heidelberg – Kataloge, Vol. 14

A fortification extending over 15 hectares was built in the 4th century AD in the Roman province of Pannonia at Keszthely-Fenékpuszta. The archaeological investigations undertaken so far on the western shore of Lake Balaton have revealed its defences and monumental buildings as well as numerous burials. Together they give us insights into the 300-year-long occupation of the site.

The publication accompanying the exhibition contains the results of the German-Hungarian excavation initiated in 2009. The potential for visualising the excavated buildings is given particular emphasis, in the shape of 3D reconstructions, evocations of daily life and models.

Annette Kämmerer , Joachim Funke (Eds.)

Seelenlandschaften
Streifzüge durch die Psychologie. 98 persönliche Positionen

Eine bunt gemischt Auswahl von 98 Professorinnen und Professoren für Psychologie aus den deutschsprachigen Ländern haben auf knappem Raum etwas ganz Persönliches dargestellt - etwas, das im Alltagsgeschäft der Psychologie keinen Platz findet, mit dem aber etwas angesprochen wird oder in dem etwas anklingt, was den speziellen Reiz der Psychologie oder des Psychologischen für sie ausmacht. Das Buch ist ein buntes Kaleidoskop geworden, es sind im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes Streifzüge durch Seelenlandschaften.

Sigrid Böge

Orthogonale Gruppen und der Satz von Minkowski-Siegel
Vorlesung Wintersemester 2016–2017

This manuscript arose from a course which I gave during the winter term 2016/17 at the University of Heidelberg. The attraction for me consisted in showing in detail that the formula of Minkowski-Siegel in Siegel‘s paper from 1935, is equivalent to the statement that the Tamagawa number of the orthogonal group (for a positive definite quadratic form) equals 2. Everybody knows that, but nobody has presented the calculations in detail. Furthermore, one can use the formulas to consider representations of numbers by quadratic forms. The starting point for this is taken from “Quadratic forms” by M. Kneser. Furthermore, by proving the Minkowski inequalities in orthogonal groups, I describe Siegel domains and estimate their volume.

Frank Krogmann

Die Zukunft im Blick
150 Jahre Universitäts-Augenklinik Heidelberg

Gerd Uwe Auffarth (Ed.)

2018 blicken wir auf eine in diesem Buch sehr unterhaltsam dargestellte 150-jährige Geschichte der Universitäts-Augenklinik zurück, lernen die Menschen kennen, die die Klinik geprägt haben, sowie ihre akademischen Ehren und Verwicklungen. Die jeweiligen gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungen werden aufgezeigt, z. B. von der Einführung des Frauenstudiums („unerhört“) bis zu den ersten Assistenzärztinnen, wie ein Ordinarius berufen wird und wie viel Reichsmark ein „geheimer Hofrat“ verdiente.

Dieses Buch ist daher nicht nur für Mediziner, sondern für alle historisch Interessierten lesenswert.

Sara Springfeld

Modi di cantar sonetti
Italienische Sonettvertonungen bis ins 17. Jahrhundert

The sonnet is considered one of the most enduring forms of European poetry. Throughout its almost 800-year history, it has not only challenged the artistic exploration and experimentation of poets, but also of composers. Whilst offering a range of creative possibilities for composers when setting a sonnet to music, they also faced problems when dealing with the asymmetrical stanza form of the text. This book concentrates on Italian sonnets from Francesco Petrarca to Giambattista Marino, which became popular text sources for the frottola, the madrigal and accompanied solo song in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Carsten Wergin and Corinna Erckenbrecht

Der Ruf des Schneckenhorns
Hermann Klaatsch (1863 – 1916). Ein Heidelberger Wissenschaftler in Nordwestaustralien

This publication introduces original and so far unknown material of the Heidelberg scholar Hermann Klaatsch (1863-1916) about the cultural heritage of Indigenous groups in Northwest Australia. Between 1904 and 1907 Klaatsch conducted extensive ethnographic research and collecting activities in Australia. The analyses of his most productive time in Northwest Australia 1905/1906 presents new approaches concerning the history, influence and dissemination of the German academic tradition, its understanding of cultures and research ethics. Thus, this book makes a crucial contribution to provenance research, repatriation and cultural heritage in a globalized world.