Adrian Kuhl, Silke Leopold, Dorothea Redepenning (Eds.)

Über das Marionettentheater (hinaus)
Musik und Puppen

Based on a symposium, the volume discusses in various contributions the relationship between music and puppet theatre, which has a long and varied history. On the one hand, it focuses on the performance of opera with puppets in the 18th century and musicalised puppet theatre in the middle of the 20th century; on the other hand, the volume takes a look at the integration of puppet themes in the subject, aesthetics and staging of opera with real singers. This focus is complemented by a historical tour of the relationship between puppets and music and a look at the institutionalisation of puppetry in international organisations, using UNIMA and UNESCO as examples.

Benjamin Held, Frederike van Oorschot (Eds.)

Digitalisierung: Neue Technik – neue Ethik
Interdisziplinäre Auseinandersetzung mit den Folgen der digitalen Transformation

FEST Forschung, Vol. 1

New Technologies - new Ethics? The volume, produced in interdisciplinary research at FEST, discusses what is "new" in and through digital technologies in different fields of science and society: What is truly new? Do novel objects, tools, forms of perception, means of cognition, questions, actors, and/or forms of communication emerge? Is something "new" recognizable or do existing questions continue in other medial forms?

The contributions are linked to one another by lines of arguments and fields, which - similar to hashtags - weave together individual statements into threads and thus enable mapping the debate around different concepts or phenomena. Throughout the volume, one can follow these threads:

- #predictability #surveillance #control #freedom #democracy

- #media change #perception #hermeneutics

- #anthropology #ethics #theology

This volume contributes to the necessary debate about the ethical shaping of the digital transformation and wants to stimulate further reflection, research, and discussion about new technologies and new ethics in the context of digitalization.

Susan Richter (Ed.)

Amo te solo
Briefe der Kurfürstin Elisabeth Augusta an den Herzog Clemens Franz in Bayern 1743–1770

The year 2021 marks the 300th anniversary of the birth of Elisabeth Augusta of the Palatinate (1721–1794). As the eldest granddaughter of Elector Carl Philipp, she was married to the heir to the electoral dignity, Carl Theodor, on her 21st birthday in Mannheim Castle. Her younger sister, Maria Anna, was married on the same day to Clemens Franz von Paula, Duke of Bavaria. Elisabeth Augusta and Clemens Franz had fallen in love with each other in the run-up to the marriages and maintained a close, intimate and also erotic relationship for many years. Their correspondence reflects their close relationship, their duties and limits, their boredom and hopes, their occasional weariness with court life and their understanding of their princely role. It is not an exchange of scholarly content or serious commentary on political developments, but a glimpse into the prince's everyday life, a piece of normality. Nevertheless, it is precisely this that appears all the more exciting, as the private scope of action of princely persons and the hidden language of love and passions are also revealed here.   

Klaus Lieberz, Lucie Adamek, Bertram Krumm (Eds.)

Die Richtlinien-Psychotherapie
Expeditionen in einem dunklen Kontinent

The book deals with the still unresolved questions of therapist selection, psychosomatic-psychotherapeutic/psychiatric diagnostics, indication and differential indication with regard to various psychotherapeutic procedures, assessment of disease severity and prognostic prospects under the naturalistic conditions of psychotherapeutic practice within the framework of guideline psychotherapy. The book particularly touches the interests of medical and psychological psychotherapists. The linkage of psychotherapeutic practice and research involves the question of the nature and extent of quality assurance in this field.

Susanna Werger

Le Caractère destructeur dans l'art
Poétique, musique et performance des mouvements d'avant-garde autour de la première guerre mondiale

La destruction est un angle de vue capable d'englober un grand nombre d'auteurs et de compositeurs différents. Ce travail propose de rechercher les répétitions au cours de l'histoire littéraire, de trouver les moments de continuité ou de rupture. Le dénominateur commun du caractère destructeur sert à détecter une facette du style de l'époque. L'intérêt de contempler plusieurs domaines dans l'art des mouvements d'avant-garde réside dans la pratique artistique qui connaît de plus en plus d'échanges et de synergies entre les différents domaines ; les formes d'expression s'entre-influencent, s'entrechoquent et communiquent. L'ouverture des genres et des frontières linguistiques, pour les études comparatives, rend cette démarche d'autant plus indispensable : cela implique l'étude des grands travaux qui unissent toutes les formes d'expression. Il est donc souhaitable que l'on puisse comprendre et visualiser les réciprocités entre la littérature, la musique et la performance. Le slogan captivant du caractère destructeur synthétise une base créative de l'art d'avant-garde et touche à son paradoxe inévitable : la destruction implique en effet des aspects créatifs ; l'espace libéré sera rempli aussitôt.

Destruction is a perspective that encompasses a large number of different authors and composers. This work seeks patterns of repetition throughout literary history, to find moments of continuity or rupture. The common denominator of destructiveness is used to detect a facet of the style of the time. The interest in contemplating several fields in the art of avant-garde movements lies in artistic practice, which is experiencing more and more exchanges and synergies between the different fields of literature, music and performance; forms of expression influence each other, clash and communicate. The opening up of genres and linguistic borders for comparative studies makes this approach all the more essential: this necessitates the study of the major works that unite all forms of expression. It is therefore desirable to be able to understand and visualize the reciprocity between the above fields. The captivating slogan of destructive character synthesises a creative basis of avant-garde art and touches upon its inevitable paradox: destruction actually implies creative aspects; the space freed up is immediately filled again.

Klaus-Peter Schroeder

Die Heidelberger Universität auf dem Weg in das „Dritte Reich“
Arnold Paul Ruge, Philipp Lenard – Emil Julius Gumbel

“Fellow students – the wind of pestilence that is the Jewish Rule is blowing against you!” – These words formed the headline of a leaflet published in 1920, penned by the Heidelberg lecturer Arnold Ruge. Ruge, as well as Philipp Lenard, Heidelberg University's first winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics, are exemplary of a not insignificant circle of academic “fire-starters”, who already in the early years of the Weimar Republic unleashed a storm of antisemitism. One of the victims of this persecution, which was widely received amongst Heidelberg students of the time and supported by both Lenard and Ruge, was Emil Julius Gumbel. The hounding of Gumbel, which was organised by the National Socialist German Students' League, resulted in in the withdrawal of his venia legendi. Gumbel was prominently featured on a list of thirty-four Germans who were “expatriated” on August 23, 1933. Against the backdrop of these events, the impact of which was felt far beyond Heidelberg, this work illustrates the path of the Ruperto Carola into the catastrophe which was the Third Reich.

Detlef Junker

Deutschland und die USA 1871–2021

Deutschland und die USA 1871-2021 (Germany and the United States 1871–2021) is the first comprehensive look at 150 years of German-American relations. It traces this dramatic story in all its complexity from the founding of the German nation state in 1871 to World War I, the Weimar Republic, Hitler and Nazi Germany, the Cold War and its demise, and the revolution of 9/11. The book also scrutinizes the presidencies of George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump on one side of the Atlantic, as well as the tenure of the German Chancellor Angela Merkel on the other side.

This book comprises earlier publications of the author and closes with a new chapter on “Obama, Trump, der Niedergang einer imperialen Demokratie und die amerikanisch-deutschen Beziehungen 2009–2021 – Ein Essay.” (“Obama, Trump, the decline of an imperial democracy and American-German relations 2009–2021.”)

Dietrich Harth

José Rizals Kampf um Leben und Tod
Facetten einer kolonialismuskritischen Biografie

José Rizal (1861-1896) studied medicine in Manila and Madrid, completed a special training as an ophthalmologist in Paris, Heidelberg and Berlin, wrote poems and socially critical novels, and attacked with a pointed pen the arbitrary colonial rule of the Spaniards over his Filipino-Tagalog homeland. Although he was a partisan of non-violent decolonization, he was sentenced to death by a Spanish military tribunal for incitement to riot and executed. Dietrich Harth’s biography approaches the life and work of the Filipino intellectual in four steps. In the first part, he sums up the most important phases of the more than 300 years of colonial rule of the Spanish crown and outlines the changes that followed the American regime, with particular emphasis on the idolization of Rizal as a national hero. The second part chronicles the history of the family background, the education and the persecution of Rizal, while the third part is devoted to his diverse, scholarly inspired research interests, which he treated in numerous essays, and not least to his closely related polemics against the colonial regime. The last part deals with the politically as well as literary remarkable novels Noli me tángere and El Filibusterismo, which established Rizal's fame in the Southeast Asian world and which is part of government-ordered reading in all educational institutions in the Philippines. The present biography is the first comprehensive presentation in German that seeks to approach Rizal's way of thinking in a direct way, i.e. by translating it from Filipino Spanish into German.

Sarah Jäger

Jenseits des Patriarchats
Ansätze feministischer Theologie

FEST kompakt – Analysen – Stellungnahmen – Perspektiven , Vol. 2

"If God is male, then the male is God" – this is how the American feminist theologian Mary Daly put it in 1973. Much has happened since then: Different concepts of feminist theology have rethought the central contexts of Christian theology and have dreamed of a more just world for men and women.

This book presents the central course of development of feminist theologies from their beginnings to the present day. At the same time, it outlines an own approach that explores the chances of a contemporary queer gender-conscious theology.

Sebastian Starystach, Kristina Höly (Eds.)

The Silence of Organizations
How Organizations Cover up Wrongdoings

Be it child abuse in the Catholic Church, manipulations of transplant lists or the current Dieselgate cases. Scandals repeatedly shake our trust in organizations. Against the backdrop of the devastation that rule-breaking in and by organizations leaves in our society, it is necessary to address how wrongdoings and crimes are regularly swept under the organizational carpet. To this end, the present anthology brings together contributions of international researchers from various disciplines to explain how organizational wrongdoing can flourish in the shadow of organizational silence despite tightening regulations, and increased efforts of compliance and prosecution.

Christine Nawa, Christoph Meinel (Eds.)

Von der Forschung gezeichnet
Instrumente und Apparaturen in Heidelberger Laboratorien, skizziert von Friedrich Veith (1817–1907)

In the heyday of the University of Heidelberg in the 19th century luminaries such as the chemist Robert Bunsen, the physicist Gustav Kirchhoff and the physiologist Hermann Helmholtz coined the University’s fame. They had their scientific instruments and experimental setups depicted by the University’s drawing teacher Friedrich Veith (1817–1907). A portfolio of some 50 of his drawings from 1856 to 1891forms a unique source for the experimental culture of that period. It also testifies to the importance of visual communication in science and to the role of the many ‘invisible hands’ on which research depends.

Ladislaus Ludescher

Vergessene Welten und blinde Flecken
Die mediale Vernachlässigung des Globalen Südens. Quantitative geografische Mediendiskursanalyse über die Berichterstattung der Tagesschau und ausgewählter Leitmedien

"How realistically do media portray the world?" is not only one of the crucial issues of media studies, but also a question that probably every viewer or reader has asked himself at some point. The long-term study Vergessene Welten und blinde Flecken (Forgotten Worlds and Blind Spots) has evaluated, among other things, about 5,100 broadcasts of the German news program Tagesschau from 1996 and from 2007 to 2019 as well as reports from selected leading media (Deutschlandfunk, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Der Spiegel, Brennpunkt, Anne Will, Hart aber Fair, Maischberger, Maybrit Illner, CBS Evening News, The Washington Post, Time, The Guardian and Le Monde). It comes to the conclusion that the countries of the global south (the so-called developing countries or Third World) are massively underrepresented in German reporting.

Gernot Burkhardt

Minor Planet Names with Ties to Heidelberg

This excerpt of the database Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (DMPN) gives 169 names of minor planets with ties to Heidelberg to date, i.e. August 2020, out of the total number of 22,129 names. It is an update to the Wissenschaftsatlas der Universität Heidelberg on the occasion of the university's 625 year anniversary in 2011 which listed 97 minor planet names.

Ernst G. Jung

Haut
Kultur und Geschichte

Driven by growing interest, our skin is much discussed, esteemed and occasionally also abused. Skin and skin care have changed over time from early history to today. Beauty and ugliness complement each other to create a new quality of attractiveness. In addition, some historical reminiscences are presented to confirm the great interest in our skin, its cultural and historical relevance.

Henry Keazor, Maria Effinger (Eds.)

FAKE - Fälschungen, wie sie im Buche stehen
Eine Ausstellung der Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg und des Instituts für Europäische Kunstgeschichte der Universität Heidelberg

Schriften der Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg, Band 16

Fälschungen und Bücher haben mehr miteinander zu tun, als man gemeinhin denken könnte. Naheliegend und nicht weiter erstaunlich ist, dass Fälscher Bücher konsultieren, um daraus Vorlagen für ihre Fälschungen zu gewinnen und sich das notwendige Wissen zu deren Herstellung anzueignen.

Doch es gibt noch mehr Bezüge zwischen Fälschungen und Büchern: Denn die Fälschungen werden sodann oftmals mit Hilfe von Büchern lanciert (z.B. mittels Werkkatalogen), in denen sie von getäuschten Autoren unwissentlich als vermeintliche Originale veröffentlicht werden. Im schlimmsten Fall manipulieren Fälscher zu Täuschungszwecken sogar gleich direkt Kataloge, in denen die Fälschungen dann plötzlich als echte Werke erscheinen. Und am Ende können, wie der spektakuläre 'Galileo'-Fall kürzlich zeigte, sogar ganze historische Bücher gefälscht und als vermeintliche Preziosen verkauft werden. Bücher sind für Fälscher jedoch nicht immer nur von Vorteil, sie können ihnen auch zum Verhängnis werden: Wissenschaftliche Bücher enttarnen Fälschungen und lassen deren Schöpfer auffliegen. Entlarvt, aber dafür nun eventuell populär, vermarkten Fälscher nicht selten ihre eigene Geschichte im Rahmen von Autobiografien bzw. werden in Romanen zu literarischen Figuren.

Die Ausstellung 'FAKE: Fälschungen, wie sie im Buche stehen' thematisiert und dokumentiert diese und weitere Aspekte anhand einer Gegenüberstellung von echten Büchern und gefälschten Kunstwerken.

Benjamin Held et al. (Eds.)

Corona als Riss
Perspektiven für Kirche, Politik und Ökonomie

FEST kompakt – Analysen – Stellungnahmen – Perspektiven , Vol. 1

The corona pandemic has changed our everyday life, politics and economy in a way that was previously unimaginable. What was previously taken for granted no longer applies – cracks have appeared in the continuity of our worldview and way of life. Some of them have a revealing effect, others lead to ruptures or can hardly be held together. In the hope of controlling the pandemic our possibilities have been limited. Alternatives – not infrequently stopgaps – are developing into a new 'normal'. How can we react to the pandemic and the problems and dilemmas it causes? How can we embrace the emerging opportunities? The authors develop perspectives for the time with and after Corona.

Eike U. Decker

»Recessive« Information in Language
A Probabilistic Information Model as the Basis of Informational Linguistics and Systems Linguistics

This book presents a language model based on information and systems theory. Language is understood as a dynamic system that processes information. The elements of this system are connected by weighted relations. These relations and their weights are changeable and allow a probabilistic analysis of language production. This model opens up new ways of analyzing language and the development of new flexible Natural Language Processing technologies by distinguishing between linguistic information that is perceived (“linguistic phenotype”) and information that is not perceived (“recessive information) and by arguing that language has to be seen as a probabilistically organized information system.

Laura Henkelmann

Der "Kalendrier la Royne" des Wilhelm von Saint-Cloud
Edition und lexikalische Analyse

The Kalendarium Regine, composed by the French astronomer William of Saint-Cloud in 1296 for Queen Marie of Brabant and translated into old French as Kalendrier la Royne some years later, is an impressive document which illustrates the development of medieval sciences from a pure clerical culture to a lay culture. The Kalendrier reveals the significance of medieval calendars linking science and daily use not only by reflecting the state of knowledge in the field of astronomy and calendar computation around 1300 but also by a detailed didactic commentary which serves as an instruction manual.

Vincent Heuveline, Fabian Gebhart, Nina Mohammadianbisheh (Eds.)

E-Science-Tage 2019
Data to Knowledge

Digitization offers a new, efficient tool to support scientific progress. Using modern information systems, research data can be digitally archived in almost all areas and reused more easily if necessary. Nowadays, when collective knowledge has grown enormously, systematization of research data is more important than ever. The E-Science Days 2019, which led to this publication, offered the opportunity to explore new ways of research data computing and helped to enhance digital science through a lively exchange of experiences and innovations.

Sarah-Denise Fabian, Rüdiger Thomsen-Fürst (Eds.)

Oper – Südwest
Beiträge zur Geschichte der Oper an den südwestdeutschen Höfen des 18. Jahrhunderts

For Silke Leopold on the occasion of her 70th birthday presented by the staff of the research centre »History of Southwest German Court Music« of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences.

»Opera – Southwest« illuminates aspects of music theatre, especially at the Southwest German courts of the eighteenth century. New possibilities for the reconstruction of the opera repertoire in Rastatt, Baron Sigismund von Rumling's Musiktheater in Zweibrücken and the special final arrangement of Niccolò Jommellis Didone abbandonata at the Württemberg court, and also the composition process of Johann Adolph Hasse's Dresden operas will be discussed. In addition, three contributions are dedicated to Franz Danzi and his discourse with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.