Die Heidelberger Universität auf dem Weg in das „Dritte Reich“
How to cite this title

Schroeder, Klaus-Peter: Die Heidelberger Universität auf dem Weg in das „Dritte Reich“: Arnold Paul Ruge, Philipp Lenard – Emil Julius Gumbel, Heidelberg: heiBOOKS, 2021. https://doi.org/10.11588/heibooks.840

More citation styles

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License 4.0
(CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)

Creative Commons License CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

ISBN 978-3-948083-36-6 (PDF)

Published 16.09.2021.


Klaus-Peter Schroeder

Die Heidelberger Universität auf dem Weg in das „Dritte Reich“

Arnold Paul Ruge, Philipp Lenard – Emil Julius Gumbel

“Fellow students – the wind of pestilence that is the Jewish Rule is blowing against you!” – These words formed the headline of a leaflet published in 1920, penned by the Heidelberg lecturer Arnold Ruge. Ruge, as well as Philipp Lenard, Heidelberg University's first winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics, are exemplary of a not insignificant circle of academic “fire-starters”, who already in the early years of the Weimar Republic unleashed a storm of antisemitism. One of the victims of this persecution, which was widely received amongst Heidelberg students of the time and supported by both Lenard and Ruge, was Emil Julius Gumbel. The hounding of Gumbel, which was organised by the National Socialist German Students' League, resulted in in the withdrawal of his venia legendi. Gumbel was prominently featured on a list of thirty-four Germans who were “expatriated” on August 23, 1933. Against the backdrop of these events, the impact of which was felt far beyond Heidelberg, this work illustrates the path of the Ruperto Carola into the catastrophe which was the Third Reich.

Klaus-Peter Schroeder is professor for History of German Law at the University Heidelberg.

Die Heidelberger Ruperto Carola: „Fortschrittlichste und geistig anspruchsvollste Universität Deutschlands?“
Erstes Kapitel
Arnold Paul Ruge: Kampf dem „zersetzenden byzantinischen, jüdischen Geist der Lüge“
Zweites Kapitel
Philipp Lenard: „Zudem sehe ich mit Hitler auch wieder Menschen kommen, die mir ähnlicher sind“
Drittes Kapitel
Emil Julius Gumbel – „Berüchtigter roter Schänder deutscher Ehre“
Viertes Kapitel
Heidelberg 1933: „Sie wollen Hass säen, Hass, heiligen, unausrottbaren Hass“