Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident
Falko Daim, Dominik Heher, Claudia Rapp (Eds.)
Menschen, Bilder, Sprache, Dinge
Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 9.1
Wege der Kommunikation zwischen Byzanz und dem Westen 1: Bilder und Dinge
In 2018, the Roman-Germanic Central Museum Mainz presents in cooperation with the Schallaburg, the splendid Renaissance castle near Melk (Lower Austria), the exhibition »Byzantium & the West: 1000 forgotten years «.
Both Byzantium and the European West spring from the Roman Empire, but as early as Late Antiquity experience different developments. While the Roman Empire continued to exist in the East and passed seamlessly into the Byzantine Empire of the Middle Ages, pagan polities took its place in the West: the kingdoms of the Goths, Vandals, Anglo-Saxons, Lombards and Franks. Although Byzantium was respected or accepted as a major power by the other European entities for at least 800 years, territorial conflicts, disputes, and cultural differences quickly emerged. In addition, communication became increasingly difficult - in the "orthodox" East, Greek was the common language, while in the "Catholic" West, Latin was the lingua franca. Differences in liturgy and questions of belief intensified the disparities or were even (religio-) politically underlined to emphasize dissimilarity. But one still continued to admire "wealthy Constantinople" and the Byzantine treasures - among them the magnificent silks, ivory reliefs, technical marvels, plentiful relics and magnificent buildings.
The change came in 1204 with the conquest and plunder of Constantinople by the Crusaders. For the already weakened Byzantine Empire, this catastrophe meant a completely new situation as an empire in exile, whose emperor and patriarch had to flee to Asia Minor. Across much of the former European Byzantine Empire, crusader states spread; Venice and Genoa, which had previously been strongly present as trade powers under special treaties, became major determinants of the western powers in the East.
On the occasion of this exhibition, two accompanying volumes with a total of 41 contributions concerning the varied and changing relationships between the Latin West and the Byzantine Empire are being published. The volumes are structured according to the media of communication: people, images, language and things. They collect contributions from renowned scientists with archaeological, art historical, philological and historical priorities. Several overviews and detailed studies are drawn from research projects of the Leibniz- ScienceCampus Mainz: Byzantium between Orient and Occident, as well as the focus on Byzantine and medieval research of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna.
Spätantike und Byzanz. Bestandskatalog Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe
Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 8.2
Finds of textiles from Early Byzantine Egypt represent the most extensive genre among the Byzantine artefacts of the Baden State Museum Karlsruhe. A total of 207 objects, including tunics, head coverings, upholstery material, blankets and curtains, give a vivid impression of the appearance of early Byzantine clothing and textile furnishings. In a detailed catalogue section and introductory chapters, particular attention is paid to the production technology and the determination of the function of the textiles. Apart from few exceptions, the objects were previously unpublished.
Falko Daim, Benjamin Fourlas, Katarina Horst, Vasiliki Tsamakda (Eds.)
Spätantike und Byzanz. Bestandskatalog Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe
Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 8.1
Objekte aus Bein, Elfenbein, Glas, Keramik, Metall und Stein
The collection of the Badisches Landesmuseum Karlsruhe contains an extensive inventory of Late Antique and Byzantine objects, previously only partially accessible in publications. The artefacts and artworks are mainly small-scale objects, some of great scholarly value. They belong to both the sacral and secular spheres and convey a wide spectrum of everyday life as well as artistic and cultural production in the late Roman and Byzantine Empire. In the collection catalogue, the 268 objects made of bone, ivory, glass, ceramics, metal and stone, some bearing inscriptions, are thoroughly documented, interpreted and categorized in terms of their cultural history.
Henriette Baron, Falko Daim (Eds.)
A Most Pleasant Scene and an Inexhaustible Resource Steps Towards a Byzantine Environmental History
Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 6
Interdisciplinary Conference November 17th and 18th 2011 in Mainz
What do we know about the environments in which the Byzantine Empire unfolded in the eastern Mediterranean? How were they perceived and how did man and the environment mutually influence each other during the Byzantine millennium (AD 395-1453)? Which approaches have been tried up until now to understand these interactions? And what could a further environmental-historical research agenda look like?
These questions were the focus of an interdisciplinary conference that took place on 17 and 18 November 2011 in Mainz. The present conference volume brings together contributions from researchers who have approached these issues from very different perspectives. They focus on the explanatory power of traditional as well as »new« sources and the methods of Byzantine Studies and Byzantine archaeology for this hitherto little-explored sphere. In this way, we see how closely environmental history is interwoven with the classical topics of Byzantine research – be they of an economic, social or culture-historical nature.
Heide Frielinghaus, Thomas Schmidts, Vasiliki Tsamakda (Eds.)
Schiffe und ihr Kontext
Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 5
Darstellungen, Modelle, Bestandteile – von der Bronzezeit bis zum Ende des Byzantinischen Reiches
Seafaring was extraordinary important in Antiquity and the Middle Ages for the economy and the wielding of power. It also provided contact between distant places. Ships were on the one hand decorated and ornamented and on the other hand they were frequently objects of depictions which could range from sketchy graffiti to three-dimensional reproductions. The contexts of the depictions encompass different areas, such as public and private representation as well as religion.
This Volume assembles 18 articles that have been presented on the occasion of an international workshop in 2013. Different groups of material ranging from the period of Bronze Age until the end of the Byzantine Empire were presented as well as the development of ship-building and navigation. The depictions of ships which have investigated scanty until now were the main target of the workshop.
Falko Daim (Ed.)
Die byzantinischen Häfen KonstantinopelsByzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 4
The fortunes of Byzantine Constantinople always have been intrinsically tied to the sea. Topographical, demographical and economical development of the city is reflected in the history of its harbours, which for the first time is concerned in its entirety in this volume.
Twelve studies regarding the harbours and landing places of the city at the Sea of Marmara and the Golden Horn – but as well regarding those in their European as in their Asian surroundings – are creating a synthesis of the current state of research by analysis of written, pictorial and archaeological sources.
Anastassios Ch. Antonaras
Arts, Crafts and Trades in Ancient and Byzantine Thessaloniki
Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 2
Archaeological, Literary and Epigraphic Evidence
For the first time, the arts and crafts of Thessaloniki, once the second largest city in the Byzantine Empire after Constantinople, are examined thoroughly through archaeological remains, historical sources and epigraphic records.
More than 80 years of archaeological research and a life-time of personal research that covers 112 excavations, reveals at least 16 artisanal trades in detail. The book is organised chronologically with overviews of the political history and topography of Thessaloniki throughout its nineteen-centuries-long history. With an illustrated catalogue of each site and distribution maps, this work reveals relatively unknown aspects of life in Antiquity, the Early Christian period and Byzantium.
Neslihan Asutay-Effenberger, Falko Daim (Eds.)
Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident, Vol. 1
Byzanz und die Seldschuken in Anatolien vom späten 11. bis zum 13. Jahrhundert
The Rum Seljuk Empire had emerged after the devastating Battle of Manzikert in 1071 in the previously Byzantine Anatolia. Until its dissolution in early 14th century it was the Byzantines’ most important neighbor on their Eastern border. The Rum Seljuk Empire combined Seljuk and Greek-Orthodox populations. Thus it was in close contact with Byzantium: Especially trade, the exchange of artists and marriages defined these relations. These social and political links as well as the ethnic and religious tolerance that shaped the coexistence of different groups in the Rum Seljuk Empire built the foundation for great art. At the same time we only know little about the Rum Seljuks and their interaction with the Byzantines so that the impression, that there had not been any cultural exchange between them, still prevails.
This conference volume presents the results of an interdisciplinary congress that took place October 1.-3, 2010 in the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz. The congress intended to discard this impression and initiate a discussion about problems concerning the Byzantine-Seljuk relations.