Markus Blatt, Bernd Flemisch, Oliver Sander (Eds.)

Proceedings of the 3rd Dune User Meeting (2015)
Archive of Numerical Software - Special Issue 2017

Dune, the Distributed and Unified Numerics Environment, has been under continuous development for more than 13 years. Several European institutions participate in this development, and over time, a substantial user community has evolved. In order to establish and foster personal contacts within the community as well as between users and developers, a first Dune User Meeting was held in Stuttgart in 2010, followed by a second one that took place in 2013 in Aachen. In 2015, the third Dune User Meeting was held in Heidelberg from 28th to 29th of September. More than 30 users and developers from five European countries attended, presented Dune-related work and engaged in lively discussions. Ten presentations resulted in contributions to these proceedings.

Ana-Sofia Uhl

Sprache – Essen – Identität
Selbstvergewisserung und kulturelle Transformation in der US-kubanischen Gegenwartsliteratur

Calle Ocho in Miami’s district Little Havana represents a „home away from our homeland“ (Pérez Firmat) for many Cuban-Americans. In the context of migration and diaspora, language and food play an outstanding role and are important media of communication that create identity. Talking as well as eating are everyday activities that ensure survival – in a social and a material sense. Both identity-constituting as well as identity-reproducing elements are flamboyantly often addressed in contemporary autobiographies of Cuban-American writers. This book investigates the question: What significance is given by the respective authors to „language“ and „food“ as systems of communication for identity formation processes of Cubans in the United States?

Andreas Reuland

Menschenversuche in der Weimarer Republik

Human experimentation without the consent of the subjects were common in the Weimar Republic. Unknowing tot he patients, experiments of all kinds were carried out on them in the context of therapeutic research or for the purpose of gaining general knowledge. Most of the patients experimented on were used to suffering, were submissive to and dependend on authority and were voiceless and destitute. As a price for their inpatient treatment, a free availability of their bodies was expected for scientific trials.

The physician and Social Democratic Reichstag representative Julius Moses pointed out these deficits towards the end of the Weimar Republic. Under the heading "100 rats and 20 children! Working-class children as guinea pigs," he published an accusation against the experiments of a clinician in 1928 in the periodical the Vorwärts, causing a public scandal. The protest against the inhumane conditions in clinical research during the Weimar Republic and Moses' "Struggle against the experimental rage" ultimately led to the development of research guidelines.

Unchanged reprint of the original 2004 edition.

Udo Bayer

Vignettes
The Legacy of Jewish Laupheim

A great number of notable personalities who achieved extraordinary success in a wide variety of fields came from the rural community of Laupheim in Württemberg. They were not only remarkable for a small town like Laupheim, but also unique in all of Germany. Among these eminent personalities are, for example, co-founder of the Württembergische Vereinsbank and art-enthusiast Kilian von Steiner, artist and designer Friedrich Adler, composer Moritz Henle,  author Siegfried Einstein, and last but not least world-class high jumper Gretel, from the entrepreneurial family Bergmann, who was the inspiration for the movies Berlin 36 and Hitler’s Pawn. For the first time, Laupheim expert Udo Bayer combines a concise historical overview of the former German-Jewish community of Laupheim with six vignettes of these distinguished people.

Nils Steffen, Cord Arendes (Eds.)

Geflüchtet, unerwünscht, abgeschoben
Osteuropäische Juden in der Republik Baden (1918–1923)

Roughly 10 million people worldwide are fleeing due to World War One. Among them “Ostjuden”, Jews who had to leave their homes in the countries of Eastern Europe, who are fleeing from murderous anti-Semitic pogroms. Their safe haven: America. But the United States close their borders. The routes to America through the German ports of Hamburg and Bremen turn into dead ends for many refugees. Thousands of stranded people try to make Baden their new home.

They arrive in a country which is scarred by war and torn apart by political conflicts. A country that can hardly provide enough food, housing, and work for its own population. They face a nation looking for scapegoats, thinking to find them in the German Jewish communities. The newly arriving Jewish refugees are often undesired.

Students of Heidelberg University researched the life stories of “undesirable foreigners” in local archives and examined the reactions of the German authorities and the public to the refugees. Their research results are published in this book and are accompanied by selected sources from contemporary files, letters, parliamentary debates, and newspaper articles.

Christoph J. Hagemann

Geschichtsfiktion im Dienste territorialer Macht
Die Chronik von den 95 Herrschaften des Leopold von Wien

An examination of the so-called „Austrian Chronicle of the 95 Rulers“ by Leopold von Wien, which he compiled in the vernacular language and prose for Duke Albrecht III at the end of the 14th century, is the the central theme of this book. The assemblage for a total of 95 monarchs is remarkable for its predominantly fictional succession of rulers, with which the compiler traces Austrian history from the biblical, patriarchal period to his present day. In view of adaptations, assessments and the accounts of more than 80 somewhat illustrious authors, the question arises: How could such a historiographical disaster occur and why was it apparently so popular?

Immo Appenzeller et al. (Eds.)

Heidelberger Physiker berichten: Rückblicke auf Forschung in der Physik und Astronomie
Vol. 1: Wege zur modernen Physik

In this series of, as presently envisaged, four volumes, former members of the renowned Faculty of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Heidelberg report on their scientific work and the history of their field. The individual contributions are based on autobiographic talks presented between 1991 and 2017. Much of  the vividness of oral presentations and the authenticity of personal recollections has been preserved in these texts.

 In captivating reports the authors describe their scientific lives and their paths to discoveries,  embedded in an often eventful life and a turbulent historic environment. Although the individual careers may differ considerably, the reader will discover many common traits. He will learn fist-hand how science happened, and still works, even in today's  epoch of interdisciplinary research and large international projects. The present first volume of this series includes talks centered around the history of physics around the middle of the twentieth century. The following volumes will report on the more recent developments.

Sonja Ehret (Ed.)

Symposium Echo der Generationen
Heidelberg 2016

In the Symposium Echo of Generations results of the project of the same title are combined with international and well-known research work and theories. Relations between the young and the oldest old are characterized by mutual understanding, symmetry and bonding, whereby new and until now unexpected perspectives are possible, opening doors between generations. Curiosity and attraction between the young and the very old not only aim at historical experiences, but at the persons themselves. In the panel discussion prospective tasks of a society for all ages are discussed. In such a society young and old can successively actualize their selves reciprocally.

Anastasia Kozyreva

Phenomenology of Affective Subjectivity
Analyses on the Pre-reflective Unity of Subjective Experience

As contemporary philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience take an increasing interest in the problems of consciousness and the nature of self-awareness, we are now witnessing a remarkable shift in the understanding of the very foundations of mind and subjectivity. From both the everyday and scientific points of view, it has become clear that subjectivity can no longer be regarded as a uniform kind of being, defined as cognitive, conscious, or mental, and that it cannot be understood as detached from its embodied and affective dimensions, its interaction with the world and other living beings. Given these changes, how can we understand what constitutes unity of subjective experience beyond the level of explicit cognition and self-reflection? What is it that makes up the unity of one’s life beyond narratives and autobiographical memory? In order to answer these questions, this book takes a phenomenological approach to the pre-reflective level of subjective experience and its connectivity. Drawing on Husserl’s analyses of passive syntheses as well as contemporary philosophical and psychological research, it investigates how affectivity contributes to the understanding of the unity of consciousness, of perceptual organization, memory, and the unconscious. Accordingly, the first part of the book questions the basic conditions responsible for the unified and coherent way in which subjective experience is organized. The second part addresses the unity constituted by associative and affective connectivity of consciousness. Finally, the third part explores the pre-reflective level of past experience and the affective dimension of memory.

Elise Wintz

Charles VII et le conseil municipal rouennais
Communication, négociations, légitimité

October 1449: Charles VII and his men are at the doors of Rouen, ready to lay siege to the city. The French king claimed to be the kingdom and the city’s legitimate ruler, as he had been sacred king of France. Henry VI, king of England, was however also claiming to be king of France, a title he had inherited from his father. After thirty years under Lancaster rule, how did the people of Rouen welcome Charles VII? And how did he convince them of the legitimacy of his reign as king? Focusing on the sources of the city council, this book analyses the relation between king and subjects in Rouen in the years 1449-1461.

Tobias P. Graf (Ed.)

Der Preis der Diplomatie
Die Abrechnungen der kaiserlichen Gesandten an der Hohen Pforte, 1580–1583

In the wake of the recent material turn in historical scholarship, the material aspects of early modern diplomacy have begun to receive increasing attention. How was diplomacy funded? What objects were exchanged as part of diplomatic gift giving? Who was deemed important enough to be presented with gifts and at times even with bribes?

The present edition of previously unpublished expenditure accounts from the collection of the Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv in Vienna drawn up by the Imperial ambassadors in Istanbul Joachim von Sinzendorff and Friedrich Preiner provide answers to these and many other questions asked by students of this new diplomatic history. With its extensive index and annotations which focus especially on identifying historical actors—and particularly Ottoman dignitaries—the volume is a helpful resource for historical research as well as teaching.

Carina Branković, Simone Heidbrink, Charlotte Lagemann (Eds.)

Religion in Ex-Position
Religious Studies on Display

Universitätsmuseum Heidelberg – Kataloge, Vol. 11

This companion volume results from the exhibition Religion in Ex-Position (2014/2015), a teaching project, organised by lecturers of the Institute for Religious Studies at the University of Heidelberg (Germany) and museum experts in co-operation with the University Museum Heidelberg. It used various thematic key aspects and practical examples to address a multitude of approaches from the fields of Religious and Cultural Studies, e.g. a selection of approaches by historical and recent scholars of religion along with criticism of religion, the difficulty of defining religion and the different perspectives on religion. The result was a hands-on exhibition, focussing on theories and methods of the discipline of Religious Studies, whose history traces back to the early 20th century, illustrating the diversity and plurality of the study of religion.

The book consists of an exhibition catalogue, which presents the exhibits and installations on display including the accompanying texts, along with an essay collection, where different authors from a multitude of academic backgrounds discuss the exhibition as a whole or focus on certain aspects. The central question “How to research religion(s)?” invites readers to become acquainted with the scholarship of religion, to adopt different perspectives and to challenge views. At the same time it emphasises the importance of Religious Studies for culture and society nowadays.

Charlotte Lagemann, Tina Schöbel, Christian Vater (Eds.)

Leben Dinge Texte
Begleitheft zur Ausstellung des Sonderforschungsbereichs 933 „Materiale Textkulturen“

Universitätsmuseum Heidelberg – Kataloge, Vol. 10

The exhibition "LEBEN DINGE TEXTE" (LIFE  OBJECTS TEXTS / LIVING TEXT) presents artefacts that are inscribed. The exhibits originate from societies before the invention of printing: cuneiform script clay tablets from Mesopotamia, ancient graffiti, magical papyrus amulets, stamped roofing tiles, a dog leash superscribed with gemstones. Such "script bearing" artefacts can help investigate how the writing material affects the meaning of the text and vice versa. Furthermore, they illustrate that writing was not only for reading, but also associated with acts and rituals.

With this exhibition, the Collaborative Research Centre (SFB) 933 "Material text Cultures" presents intermediate results of its research. SFB 933 is funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation) and unites 50 researchers and scholars of Heidelberg University and Hochschule für Jüdische Studien Heidelberg.

Iulia-Emilia Dorobanţu, Jacob Klingner, Ludger Lieb (Eds.)

Zwischen Anthropologie und Philologie
Beiträge zur Zukunft der Minneredenforschung

This volume collects various contributions to “Minnereden” (Late Medieval love poems in the German language) research, and provides insights into into the current trends in research into this field. The volume was inspired by the conference on "Anthropologie und Philologie: Die Zukunft der Minneredenforschung. Diskussionen auf der Grundlage des Handbuchs Minnereden", which took place in the International Academic Forum Heidelberg in the autumn of 2013. The contributions discuss new approaches to the Minnereden corpus, and to the narrative potential and to textuality of Late Medieval love poems.

Maria Effinger, Kerstin Losert (Eds.)

"Mit schönen figuren"
Buchkunst im deutschen Südwesten

Schriften der Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg, Vol. 15

The transition from handwritten to printed books occurred in stages between the middle of the 15th century and around 1500.  For over half a century both forms existed side by side. The relationship between the handwritten and the printed book ranged, via changing and reciprocal influences, from pure imitation to competition between the technical and functional means of expression.

The focus of both catalogue and exhibition are artistic book decorations from specific genres: brush painted ornate decorations and borders, figurative pen and ink drawings and overlay miniatures are contrasted with series of wood cuts and printed vignettes.      

The exhibition guides visitors through the years 1430 to 1530, using selected examples from the collections of the Württembergian State Library Stuttgart and the University Library Heidelberg. As well as the technical and cultural interplay of this transition phase with relevant examples of the appearance of books, the roles of those commissioning, selling and owning books are also presented. They often significantly influenced the expressive form and content of book decoration as books were also a form of status symbol.

Liane Wilhemus (Ed.)

memoria fotografica
Italienbilder aus der kunsthistorischen Fotothek

Universitätsmuseum Heidelberg – Kataloge, Vol. 9

For the first time ever, the exhibition memoria fotografica. Italienbilder aus der kunsthistorischen Fotothek offers a glimpse of the more than 75,000 photographs depicting architecture, paintings, drawings and sculptures  that are part of the photographic collection of the Institut für Europäische Kunstgeschichte (IEK, Institute for European History of Art) of Heidelberg University. "Italian topography" is by far the largest section within the collection and contains exquisit works by famous photographers such as the Alinari brothers, Carlo Naya, Giorgio Sommer and James Anderson, as well as a variety of different techniques such as albumen and gelatine prints.

Maria Effinger, Joachim Kirsch (Eds.)

Hier freut sich der Tod, dem Leben zu helfen
Anatomie in Heidelberg gestern und heute

Schriften der Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg, Vol. 13

The study of human anatomy, of the relationships and connections between organs, tissues and cells, together with their structures, was established in the 16th century as a fundamental component of medical research and teaching. Since then, anatomy methodologies have changed considerably. Where once it was sufficient to expose components of the body with a dissecting knife and simply describe what was seen with the naked eye, current-day anatomists have access to many additional, highly sophisticated methods for observation and measurement including, for example electron microscopy and computer tomography. These new methods have opened up many new possibilities of analysis and investigation for this area of science.

This exhibition includes many different aspects of anatomy: in addition to the current activities of the Heidelberg Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology in teaching and research, it covers the Institute’s history going back to the year 1805. The focus of the historical component of the exhibition is on the Institute’s past directors, whose research and publications made many influential contributions to the development of the field. A third component of the exhibition introduces the anatomical preparations and models that have been an important component of applied anatomy since the 18th century. This is presented through a focus on the history and artefacts of The Heidelberg Anatomical Collection. A final component of the exhibition covers the development of anatomical illustrations in printed works ranging from the 16th to 19th century, of which the great majority are the property of Heidelberg University Library.

Ulrich Blanché (Ed.)

Art the Ape of Nature
Eine Ausstellung zeitgenössischer Kunst

Universitätsmuseum Heidelberg – Kataloge, Vol. 8

"Art the Ape of Nature – the monkey motif in contemporary art" was the title of a middle seminar at the Institute of Art History in Heidelberg. The result can be seen in the exhibition "Art the Ape of Nature – An exhibition of contemporary art" in the University Museum in Heidelberg in 2013. In the seminar "Art the Ape of Nature – the monkey motif in contemporary art" we discussed the handling of monkeys and apes in art with respect to well-known representatives of recent history of art. Among them were the British postwar painter Francis Bacon, the polit-activist font photographer Barbara Kruger, the readymade kitsch artist Jeff Koons, the expressive "painter monkey" Jörg Immendorff, the feminist action and poster artists Guerrilla Girls or the Street "Artivist" Banksy. In addition, the role of gorillas, chimpanzees and baboons in Darwin caricatures of the 19th century has been studied, also in today's evolution cartoons or in music videos of the Bloodhound Gang, Peter Fox or Modeselektor. Also the Darwinist and spiritualist Gabriel von Max, the "naive" exotic monkeys painter Henri Rousseau or the Dadaist Francis Picabia were discussed in a session each, furthermore the lesser-known sculptor Hugo Reinhold (died 1900) or the Young British Artist Angus Fairhurst (died 2008).

For the exhibition we could convince artists from London, Munich and Vienna, which not only, as Anja Priska or   Gerd Dengler, made works for our exhibition available, but who also, like Larissa Kopp, Eva Blanché and Florian Aschka, created new works specifically for the exhibition.

Maria Effinger, Carla Meyer, Christian Schneider (Eds.)

Der Codex Manesse und die Entdeckung der Liebe
Eine Ausstellung der Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg, des Instituts für Fränkisch-Pfälzische Geschichte und Landeskunde sowie des Germanistischen Seminars der Universität Heidelberg zum 625. Universitätsjubiläum

Schriften der Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg, Vol. 11

Saget mir ieman, waz ist minne? (Tell me, what is love?) This question, asked by the poet Walther von der Vogelweide inquires about the nature of love and has occupied many travelling singers, noblemen, and even clerics since the High Middle Ages. A variety of texts and images bear witness to the fact that it was no longer enough for a knight to possess the desired lady. He rather strived to win her heart. The many-voiced discovery of the topic of “Minne”, i.e. courtly love, as erotic attraction between man and woman did not just influence the relation between the sexes, it also changed the self-conception of the nobility, and the manners within the courtly society.

The songs and images in Codex Manesse capture this change. The magnificent large-format manuscript is a unique collection of works of Minnesang, offering a large variety of genres and forms, dating from the time of the Staufen dynasty to the post-classical era. The miniatures depicting the poets within courtly scenes, festivities and tournaments, have for a long time shaped the modern perception of the chivalrous Middle Ages. However, the Codex Manesse itself can be interpreted as a historical review: Its aim was to create a written compilation of fading songs which were until then passed on orally. Without this record many texts would be lost today.

By presenting Codex Manesse and other valuable manuscripts from the vaults of Heidelberg University Library, the catalogue illustrates the discovery of love during the High Middle Ages.

More information and "Virtual Exhibition"

Sally Apeikis et al.

Himjar
Das vergessene Reich in Südarabien

Universitätsmuseum Heidelberg – Kataloge, Vol. 7

More than three decades ago, the Romano-Germanic Central Museum in Mainz presented the results of a perennial restoration of the remains of two royal statues which turned out to be almost two and a half meters high in a small exhibition. The statues stood in the classical contrapposto, arranged as if they were statues of heroes, and were signed by a Greek artist named Phokas. For most archaeologists and historians of the time, the discovery of these artifacts was the first discovery of evidence of an Old South Arabic kingdom in today’s Yemen, which had, been totally unknown until then. However, in later years this discovery was widely forgotten.