Immo Appenzeller, Dirk Dubbers, Hans-Georg Siebig, Albrecht Winnacker (Eds.)

Heidelberger Physiker berichten - Rückblicke auf Forschung in der Physik und Astronomie
Vol. 2: Grundlegende Beiträge zur Physik der Atomkerne und der Sternatmosphären

This second volume continues the series of reports by retired Heidelberg physics and astronomy lecturers about their scientific research and the history of their respective field of expertise. All essays are based on autobiographical talks which - for the current volume - were given during a lecture series which took place from 2006 until 2008. The talks refer to the development of physics during the second half of the 20th century and especially focus on the progress of our understanding of the physics of the atomic nucleus as well as the renaissance of astrophysics at Heidelberg University. Apart from scientific content they offer insights into the particular contexts and paths which led to new findings, while the texts reflect the spirit of the oral report and the authenticity of personal memories.

Jonas Kratzke, Vincent Heuveline (Eds.)

E-Science-Tage 2017
Forschungsdaten managen

Abstract:

The opportunities of digital research enhance scientific methodology, networking possibilities and insight. In particular, modern information systems support the development of research methods, assist in virtual collaboration and increase the value of research data. The present proceedings of the E-Science Days 2017 provide an insight into current developments for the management of research data. Visionary, discipline-specific approaches are presented, alongside innovative institutional solutions for the handling, publication and archiving of research data.

Keywords: research data; research data management; e-Science; digitisation; proceedings

Johann Lauer

„Methodenstreit“ und Politikwissenschaft
Der methodologische Glaubenskrieg am Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts zwischen szientistischem Establishment und phronetischen Perestroikans

This monograph focuses on the dispute known in political science as “Methodenstreit.” Its beginnings date back to the 19th century, and at the beginning of the 21st century it can justifiably be called a “methodological science war”.
Firstly, an ad fontes reconstruction by means of methodical books and classic literature of naturalism, positivism and scientism is undertaken, demonstrating that this is not an issue of the mainstream but the
establishment. Afterwards, the opposite opinion is presented, using the example of the phronetic Perestroikans who undertook a last great rebellion against the establishment.

The limits of applied methodologies are presented in detail, of the scientistic (normative rational choice theory) as well as the phronetic kind (applied phronesis). Furthermore, a case is made for the necessity for
a genuinely practical (normative, pragmatic and technical) methodology complementary to an empirical (descriptive, explanatory and prognostic) one.

Immo Appenzeller, Dirk Dubbers, Hans-Georg Siebig, Albrecht Winnacker (Eds.)

Heidelberger Physiker berichten - Rückblicke auf Forschung in der Physik und Astronomie
Band 3: Mikrokosmos und Makrokosmos

"Reports from Heidelberg’s physicists" is initially planned as a four volume work, in which former lecturers in physics and astronomy at the University of Heidelberg look back at their lives in science and the history of their subjects. The contents of this volume consist of autobiographical lectures presented as part of a lecture series between 2015 and 2016.  The emphasis of this series was on the development of physics in the last third of the twentieth century and the start of the twenty-first century.  This period saw an expansion of the traditional research areas covered by physicists in Heidelberg, as well as an increase in the number of important current research topics including some taken from practical applications. As well as their scientific content, these contributions offer insights into the respective conditions and the way that scientific results are arrived at. The texts reflect the vitality of the spoken lectures and the authenticity of these personal recollections.

Ivan Ćurković

The Vocal Duets of G. F. Handel and His Italian Contemporaries (c. 1706-1724)

The vocal duets of G. F. Handel are distinguished by a greater musical and dramaturgical diversity compared to the duets of his contemporaries, but this diversity has not yet been systematically examined in different contexts. This study investigates them in two genre traditions, that of the chamber duet and that of the so-called “dramatic duet”, a component of genres such as opera, cantata and serenata. It concentrates on London in the period 1706–1724 in order to explore to what extent Handel's treatment of duets differs from the contributions by his Italian contemporaries, who were either active in London at the time (e. g. G. Bononcini) or whose works were performed parallel to his.

Johannes Sturm

Der Violoncellist Johann Rudolph Zumsteeg und sein Werk
Sichtweisen der württembergischen Hofmusik im ausgehenden 18. Jahrhundert

Johann Rudolph Zumsteeg (1760-1802) was one of the most eminent figures of court music during the reign of Karl Eugen of Württemberg. Therefore Zumsteeg’s personal network is examined in this in-depth study, including his cello teacher Agostino Poli, the poet und musician Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart and Friedrich Schiller.
Using his cello music as a reference point unkown biographical aspects of Zumsteegs life are illustrated in connection with his interaction with other prominent figures all of whom represent the exciting history of court music in 18th century Württemberg.

Walter Rings

Die altlothringische Übersetzung der Ezechielhomilien Gregors I. des Großen (Codex Bernensis 79)
Edition und Analyse

Towards the end of the 12th century, in the city of Metz, the homilies on the prophet Ezekiel by Pope Gregory 1st were translated into Old French, or more exactly, into Old Lorrainese. This translation represents one of the extremely rare literary texts written in Old Lorrainese. Above all, this edition pursues linguistic aims: its detailed glossary, its chapters on grammar, and its scripta-studies want to make a contribution to the very fragmentary knowledge of Old Lorrainese. Furthermore, the appendices on Ezekiel, on Pope Gregory, and on the allegorical interpretation of the Bible try to show these homilies and their author in their historical context.

Stephan Kirste

Theorie der Körperschaft des öffentlichen Rechts
Verwaltungshistorische, organisationstheoretische und verwaltungsorganisationsrechtliche Aspekte

Based on a theory of organizations and the history of public administration, this book analyzes the law of independent public agencies or corporations in German administrative law (from cities, commercial and professional chambers, to territorial associations and public cooperatives). The independent public corporation cannot be distinguished from other public legal persons by its objectives or the form of their execution (self-administration as self-reliant execution of tasks), but by the differentiation of its organizational structure (self-administration through participation of its members) and by the integration into public administration of societal potentials to self-organization. Based on this structure, the diversity of its appearances in German public law can be systematized; this organizational structure also reveals some of the potentials of the independent public corporation.

Sabine Richling, Martin Baumann, Vincent Heuveline (Eds.)

Proceedings of the 3rd bwHPC-Symposium
Heidelberg 2016

The bwHPC-Symposium is an annual event within the concept for high performance computing in Baden-Württemberg (bwHPC). The focus is on the presentation of the progress and the results of scientific computing projects. In addition, the event also provides the opportunity for an active dialogue between users, the bwHPC service providers and the bwHPC support teams. The present conference volume includes articles of lectures and posters from the 3rd bwHPC-Symposium, which took place on October 12, 2016 in Heidelberg.

Eva Ferro, Tino Licht, Kirsten Wallenwein (Eds.)

Artefakte früher Mainzer Schriftkultur

Universitätsmuseum Heidelberg – Kataloge, Vol. 12

Despite severe losses the distinctive early medieval translation originating in Mainz offers enough material to convey former quantity and quality. Based on its remains, the labels, the subproject A08 of SFB 933 “Material Text Cultures” organized a small exhibition. This was supported by the Cathedral Museum and grew into the special exhibition “In Gold geschrieben” (Written in Gold) to which a comprehensive catalogue was published. On the basis of these articles, this themed issue documents descriptions of artefacts and material concerning the Middle Ages until the Carolingian era. The selection offers a virtual tour around the early written culture in Mainz.            

Ute Hennige, Ulambayar Badarch, Andreas Eickhorst, Manfred Cierpka

gesund – beschützt – geborgen
Frühe Hilfen für Familien – ein Projekt zur psychosozialen Prävention für junge Eltern in schwierigen Lebenslagen in Ulaanbaatar/Mongolei (2013-2017)

How can young mothers and fathers be supported during the critical phase of their lives when they become parents, if traditional learning and the activation of parenting skills via observation and action in the context of everyday life is no longer guaranteed, as is the case in changing societies?

The prevention program Das Baby verstehen (Understanding the Baby) developed by Manfred Cierpka and his team served as the basis for the project gesund - beschützt - geborgen (healthy – protected – secure). An explorative study in Mongolia examined the conditions for the transfer as well as the acceptance of the program by young parents in the capital Ulaanbaatar.

Markus Blatt, Bernd Flemisch, Oliver Sander (Eds.)

Proceedings of the 3rd Dune User Meeting (2015)
Archive of Numerical Software - Special Issue 2017

Dune, the Distributed and Unified Numerics Environment, has been under continuous development for more than 13 years. Several European institutions participate in this development, and over time, a substantial user community has evolved. In order to establish and foster personal contacts within the community as well as between users and developers, a first Dune User Meeting was held in Stuttgart in 2010, followed by a second one that took place in 2013 in Aachen. In 2015, the third Dune User Meeting was held in Heidelberg from 28th to 29th of September. More than 30 users and developers from five European countries attended, presented Dune-related work and engaged in lively discussions. Ten presentations resulted in contributions to these proceedings.

Ana-Sofia Uhl

Sprache – Essen – Identität
Selbstvergewisserung und kulturelle Transformation in der US-kubanischen Gegenwartsliteratur

Calle Ocho in Miami’s district Little Havana represents a „home away from our homeland“ (Pérez Firmat) for many Cuban-Americans. In the context of migration and diaspora, language and food play an outstanding role and are important media of communication that create identity. Talking as well as eating are everyday activities that ensure survival – in a social and a material sense. Both identity-constituting as well as identity-reproducing elements are flamboyantly often addressed in contemporary autobiographies of Cuban-American writers. This book investigates the question: What significance is given by the respective authors to „language“ and „food“ as systems of communication for identity formation processes of Cubans in the United States?

Andreas Reuland

Menschenversuche in der Weimarer Republik

Human experimentation without the consent of the subjects were common in the Weimar Republic. Unknowing tot he patients, experiments of all kinds were carried out on them in the context of therapeutic research or for the purpose of gaining general knowledge. Most of the patients experimented on were used to suffering, were submissive to and dependend on authority and were voiceless and destitute. As a price for their inpatient treatment, a free availability of their bodies was expected for scientific trials.

The physician and Social Democratic Reichstag representative Julius Moses pointed out these deficits towards the end of the Weimar Republic. Under the heading "100 rats and 20 children! Working-class children as guinea pigs," he published an accusation against the experiments of a clinician in 1928 in the periodical the Vorwärts, causing a public scandal. The protest against the inhumane conditions in clinical research during the Weimar Republic and Moses' "Struggle against the experimental rage" ultimately led to the development of research guidelines.

Unchanged reprint of the original 2004 edition.

Udo Bayer

Vignettes
The Legacy of Jewish Laupheim

A great number of notable personalities who achieved extraordinary success in a wide variety of fields came from the rural community of Laupheim in Württemberg. They were not only remarkable for a small town like Laupheim, but also unique in all of Germany. Among these eminent personalities are, for example, co-founder of the Württembergische Vereinsbank and art-enthusiast Kilian von Steiner, artist and designer Friedrich Adler, composer Moritz Henle,  author Siegfried Einstein, and last but not least world-class high jumper Gretel, from the entrepreneurial family Bergmann, who was the inspiration for the movies Berlin 36 and Hitler’s Pawn. For the first time, Laupheim expert Udo Bayer combines a concise historical overview of the former German-Jewish community of Laupheim with six vignettes of these distinguished people.

Nils Steffen, Cord Arendes (Eds.)

Geflüchtet, unerwünscht, abgeschoben
Osteuropäische Juden in der Republik Baden (1918–1923)

Roughly 10 million people worldwide are fleeing due to World War One. Among them “Ostjuden”, Jews who had to leave their homes in the countries of Eastern Europe, who are fleeing from murderous anti-Semitic pogroms. Their safe haven: America. But the United States close their borders. The routes to America through the German ports of Hamburg and Bremen turn into dead ends for many refugees. Thousands of stranded people try to make Baden their new home.

They arrive in a country which is scarred by war and torn apart by political conflicts. A country that can hardly provide enough food, housing, and work for its own population. They face a nation looking for scapegoats, thinking to find them in the German Jewish communities. The newly arriving Jewish refugees are often undesired.

Students of Heidelberg University researched the life stories of “undesirable foreigners” in local archives and examined the reactions of the German authorities and the public to the refugees. Their research results are published in this book and are accompanied by selected sources from contemporary files, letters, parliamentary debates, and newspaper articles.

Christoph J. Hagemann

Geschichtsfiktion im Dienste territorialer Macht
Die Chronik von den 95 Herrschaften des Leopold von Wien

An examination of the so-called „Austrian Chronicle of the 95 Rulers“ by Leopold von Wien, which he compiled in the vernacular language and prose for Duke Albrecht III at the end of the 14th century, is the the central theme of this book. The assemblage for a total of 95 monarchs is remarkable for its predominantly fictional succession of rulers, with which the compiler traces Austrian history from the biblical, patriarchal period to his present day. In view of adaptations, assessments and the accounts of more than 80 somewhat illustrious authors, the question arises: How could such a historiographical disaster occur and why was it apparently so popular?

Immo Appenzeller, Dirk Dubbers, Hans-Georg Siebig, Albrecht Winnacker (Eds.)

Heidelberger Physiker berichten: Rückblicke auf Forschung in der Physik und Astronomie
Vol. 1: Wege zur modernen Physik

In this series of, as presently envisaged, four volumes, former members of the renowned Faculty of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Heidelberg report on their scientific work and the history of their field. The individual contributions are based on autobiographic talks presented between 1991 and 2017. Much of  the vividness of oral presentations and the authenticity of personal recollections has been preserved in these texts.

 In captivating reports the authors describe their scientific lives and their paths to discoveries,  embedded in an often eventful life and a turbulent historic environment. Although the individual careers may differ considerably, the reader will discover many common traits. He will learn fist-hand how science happened, and still works, even in today's  epoch of interdisciplinary research and large international projects. The present first volume of this series includes talks centered around the history of physics around the middle of the twentieth century. The following volumes will report on the more recent developments.

Sonja Ehret (Ed.)

Symposium Echo der Generationen
Heidelberg 2016

In the Symposium Echo of Generations results of the project of the same title are combined with international and well-known research work and theories. Relations between the young and the oldest old are characterized by mutual understanding, symmetry and bonding, whereby new and until now unexpected perspectives are possible, opening doors between generations. Curiosity and attraction between the young and the very old not only aim at historical experiences, but at the persons themselves. In the panel discussion prospective tasks of a society for all ages are discussed. In such a society young and old can successively actualize their selves reciprocally.

Anastasia Kozyreva

Phenomenology of Affective Subjectivity
Analyses on the Pre-reflective Unity of Subjective Experience

As contemporary philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience take an increasing interest in the problems of consciousness and the nature of self-awareness, we are now witnessing a remarkable shift in the understanding of the very foundations of mind and subjectivity. From both the everyday and scientific points of view, it has become clear that subjectivity can no longer be regarded as a uniform kind of being, defined as cognitive, conscious, or mental, and that it cannot be understood as detached from its embodied and affective dimensions, its interaction with the world and other living beings. Given these changes, how can we understand what constitutes unity of subjective experience beyond the level of explicit cognition and self-reflection? What is it that makes up the unity of one’s life beyond narratives and autobiographical memory? In order to answer these questions, this book takes a phenomenological approach to the pre-reflective level of subjective experience and its connectivity. Drawing on Husserl’s analyses of passive syntheses as well as contemporary philosophical and psychological research, it investigates how affectivity contributes to the understanding of the unity of consciousness, of perceptual organization, memory, and the unconscious. Accordingly, the first part of the book questions the basic conditions responsible for the unified and coherent way in which subjective experience is organized. The second part addresses the unity constituted by associative and affective connectivity of consciousness. Finally, the third part explores the pre-reflective level of past experience and the affective dimension of memory.